What is software? The software is anything that can be stored electronically. The storage devices display devices are hardware. Software is often divided into two categories: systems software : Includes the operating system and all the utilities that enable the computer to function. applications software : Includes programs that do real work for users. For example, word processors, spreadsheets, and database management systems fall under the category of applications software
Types of software: Word Processing software - Use this kind of tool to create worksheets, type letters, type papers, etc. Desktop Publishing software - Use this software to make signs, banners, greeting cards, illustrative worksheets, newsletters, etc. Spreadsheet software - Use this kind of tool to compute number-intensive problems such as budgeting, forecasting, etc. A spreadsheet will plot nice graphs very easily. Database software - Use this software to store data such as address, membership and other text information. A database can be used to easily sort and organize records.
Internet Browsers - This software allows one to surf the Web. Often they can read email and create Web pages too. Email programs - These programs send and receive email. Graphics Programs (pixel-based) - This software allows one to touch up photographs and create graphics from scratch Graphics Programs (vector-based) - This software creates graphics that are similar to illustrations or cartoon drawings. Communications software - This software allows two computers with modems to communicate through audio, video, and/or chat-based means. Presentation software - Use this software to create multimedia stacks of cards/screens that can effectively present a lesson or a sales pitch. The user often clicks on buttons to advance to the next screen in a sequence.
Software Applications and Operating Systems applicable for both software applications and operating systems. -program features that must be contained in software for the product to meet the standards. impossible to give specific coding techniques.
Examplesoperating systemsCompilersutilities for managing computer resourcesDatabase programsprocessorsspreadsheets
Types of application software Word Processing Software: This software enables users to create and edit documents. The most popular examples of this type of software are MS-Word, WordPad and Notepad among other text editors. Database Software: Database is a structured collection of data. A computer database relies on database software to organize data and enable database users to perform database operations. Database software allows users to store and retrieve data from databases. Examples are Oracle, MSAccess, etc. Spreadsheet Software: Excel, Lotus 1-2-3 and Apple Numbers are some examples of spreadsheet software. Spreadsheet software allows users to perform calculations using spreadsheets. They simulate paper worksheets by displaying multiple cells that make up a grid. Multimedia Software: They allow users to create and play audio and video files. They are capable of playing media files. Audio converters, audio players, burners, video encoders and decoders are some forms of multimedia software. Examples of this type of software include Real Player and Media Player. Presentation Software: The software that is used to display information in the form of a slide show is known as presentation software. This type of software includes three functions, namely, editing that allows insertion and formatting of text, methods to include graphics in the text and a functionality of executing slide shows. Microsoft PowerPoint is the best example of presentation software.
Enterprise Software: It deals with the needs of organization processes and data flow. Customer relationship management or the financial processes in an organization are carried out with the help of enterprise software. Information Worker Software: Individual projects within a department and individual needs of creation and management of information are handled by information worker software. Documentation tools, resource management tools and personal management systems fall under the category of this type of application software. Educational Software: It has the capabilities of running tests and tracking progress. It also has the capabilities of a collaborative software. It is often used in teaching and self-learning. Dictionaries like Britannica and Encarta, mathematical software like Matlab and others like Google Earth and NASA World Wind are some of the well-known names in this category. Simulation Software: Used to simulate physical or abstract systems, simulation software finds applications in both, research and entertainment. Flight simulators and scientific simulators are examples of simulation software. Content Access Software: It is used to access content without editing. Common examples of content access software are web browsers and media players. Application Suites: An application suite is an important type of application software. It consists of a group of applications combined to perform related functions. OpenOffice.org and Microsoft Office are the best examples of this type of application software. These application suites, as you know, come as bundles of applications like word processors, spreadsheets, presentation software, etc. Applications in the suite can work together or operate on each others files.
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