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The harsh hammurabi code

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Co-taught session from 9/26/13

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The harsh hammurabi code

  1. 1. The Harsh Hammurabi Code
  2. 2. Hammurabi Class Rules? • If you are called upon and don’t answer within 5 seconds… • If you are caught chatting when you should be participating… • Then… Then…….
  3. 3. I am the first King, and I set the laws in stone!! Why might a king set such harsh laws? What??
  4. 4. When??
  5. 5. Which??
  6. 6. Where do you think the statue now lives?
  7. 7. The stone may look smooth, but it is not!! These are the first (ever maybe) written laws.
  8. 8. Hammurabi was the first king of the Babylonian Empire, reigning from 1792 B.C. – 1750 B.C. During his time in power, he conquered Sumer and Akkad, amassing those cultures for his territory. The laws were strict and absolute. Hammurabi’s Code was carved into a large slab of stone of black basalt (known as a stela) and displayed publicly. Thus, no citizen or slave could claim he was not aware of a certain law or infraction. This stela, which stood 8 feet high, was discovered in 1901 in Elam (now SW Iran).
  9. 9. Sedimentary MetamorphicIgneous
  10. 10. Sedimentary layered accumulations of sediments-fragments of rocks, minerals, or animal or plant material. Example: Sandstone Metamorphic Intense pressure transforms sed. rocks into denser, more compact rocks. Example: Marble Igneous formed from melted rock that has cooled and solidified. Does not weather easily. Example: Basalt
  11. 11. If a man destroy the eye of another man, they shall destroy his eye. If one break a man's bone, they shall break his bone. If one destroy the eye of a freeman or break the bone of a freeman he shall pay one mana of silver. If one destroy the eye of a man's slave or break a bone of a man's slave he shall pay one-half his price. If a man knock out a tooth of a man of his own rank, they shall knock out his tooth. If one knock out a tooth of a freeman, he shall pay one-third mana of silver.
  12. 12. If a son strike his father, they shall cut off his fingers.
  13. 13. If a 'sister of a god' [nun] open a tavern, or enter a tavern to drink, then shall this woman be burned to death.
  14. 14. If any one bring an accusation of any crime before the elders, and does not prove what he has charged, he shall, if it be a capital offense charged, be put to death.
  15. 15. If any one steal cattle or sheep, or a pig or a goat, if it belong to a god or to the court, the thief shall pay thirtyfold therefor; if they belonged to a freed man of the king he shall pay tenfold; if the thief has nothing with which to pay he shall be put to death.
  16. 16. If the slave of a freed man strike the body of a freed man, his ear shall be cut off. If a freed man strike the body of another freed man, he shall pay ten shekels in money. If any one strike the body of a man higher in rank than he, he shall receive sixty blows with an ox-whip in public.
  17. 17. If a man strike a free-born woman so that she lose her unborn child, he shall pay ten shekels for her loss. If the woman die, his daughter shall be put to death.

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