The stone may look smooth, but it is not!!
These are the first (ever maybe) written laws.
Hammurabi was the first king of the
Babylonian Empire, reigning from 1792
B.C. – 1750 B.C. During his time in
power, he conquered Sumer and Akkad,
amassing those cultures for his
The laws were strict and
absolute. Hammurabi’s Code
was carved into a large slab
of stone of black basalt
(known as a stela) and
displayed publicly. Thus, no
citizen or slave could claim
he was not aware of a
certain law or infraction.
This stela, which stood 8
feet high, was discovered in
1901 in Elam (now SW Iran).
of rocks, minerals, or
animal or plant
transforms sed. rocks
into denser, more
formed from melted
rock that has cooled
Does not weather
If a man destroy the eye of another
man, they shall destroy his eye. If
one break a man's bone, they shall
break his bone. If one destroy the
eye of a freeman or break the bone
of a freeman he shall pay one mana
of silver. If one destroy the eye of a
man's slave or break a bone of a
man's slave he shall pay one-half
his price. If a man knock out a tooth
of a man of his own rank, they shall
knock out his tooth. If one knock
out a tooth of a freeman, he shall
pay one-third mana of silver.
If a son strike his father,
they shall cut off his
If a 'sister of a god'
[nun] open a tavern,
or enter a tavern to
drink, then shall
this woman be
burned to death.
If any one bring an
accusation of any
crime before the
elders, and does not
prove what he has
charged, he shall, if it
be a capital offense
charged, be put to
If any one steal cattle or
sheep, or a pig or a goat, if it
belong to a god or to the
court, the thief shall pay
thirtyfold therefor; if they
belonged to a freed man of
the king he shall pay tenfold; if
the thief has nothing with
which to pay he shall be put to
If the slave of a freed man strike the
body of a freed man, his ear shall be cut
If a freed man strike the body
of another freed man, he shall
pay ten shekels in money.
If any one strike the body of a
man higher in rank than he,
he shall receive sixty blows
with an ox-whip in public.
If a man strike a free-born woman so that she
lose her unborn child, he shall pay ten
shekels for her loss.
If the woman die, his daughter shall be put to