Was the stain in the center of the rug (He noticed a large stain right in the center of the rug.) or was the rug in the center of the room
Lisa Sahulka - Leadership and-administrative-dynamics-fifth-class
Leadership and Administrative DynamicsEckerd Fall 2011
Agenda Ethics The ethics of leadership. Nonprofit When doing good turns bad. Scandals The Developing a culture, mission and values for an organization. Organization Moving the Change and the people who hate it. Agency Forward Strategic Planning Effective Writing Memo Writing
GoodSubject Verb Object Sentence Good John Writes Books Sentence
• This paper serves to illustrate the great divide between what would be considered to be elegant writing and what would be considered poor, repetitive, verbose writing, in which the reader quickly loses the original point of the sentence as we cascade through a variety of ideas that are all largely the same.• This paper serves to illustrates the great divide difference between what would be considered to be elegant writing and what would be considered poor, repetitive, verbose writing, in which the reader quickly loses the original point of the sentence is lost. as we cascade through a variety of ideas that are all largely the same.
Active Voice is better•Ishall always remember my first visit to Boston.• This is much better than:• My first visit to Boston will always be remembered by me.• What happens if you remove “by me?”
Don’t be passive• Example A: The parent hit the child.• Example B:The child was hit by the parent.• Example A: It is clear the parent is doing the hitting.• Example B: The child is the subject. What is the child doing? Nothing (except being hit).• Beware of needing to add a prepositional phrase in order to clarify what you are saying.
• There were a great number of dead leaves lying on the ground.• Dead leaves covered the ground.• The sound of the falls could still be heard.• The sound of the falls still reached our ears.• The reason that he left college was that his health became impaired.• Failing health compelled him to leave college.• It was not long before he was very sorry that he had said what he had.• He soon repented his words.
• Many expressions in common use violate this principle:• the question as to whether whether• there is no doubt but that no doubt (doubtless)• used for fuel purposes used for fuel• he is a man who he• in a hasty manner hastily• this is a subject which this subject• His story is a strange one. His story is strange.
• Delete “the fact” from every sentence in which it occurs.• owing to the fact that since (because)• in spite of the fact that though (although)• call your attention to the fact that remind you (notify you)• I was unaware of the fact that I was unaware that (did not know)• the fact that he had not succeeded his failure• the fact that I had arrived my arrival
You don’t need these words• Very• Really• Quite• Basically• Generally• Really, you don’t.
Effective Writing• “The secret of good writing is to strip every sentence to its cleanest components.”• Remove every: • Word that serves no function • Long word that could be a short word • Adverb that carries the same meaning that’s already in the verb • Passive construction that leaves the reader unsure of who is doing what “These are the thousand and one adulterants that weaken the strength of a sentence.”• -- William Zinsser in On Writing Well, 1976
Examples:“In conclusion, I would like to offer that in fact, the executive director of this agency, is only out for himself and does not care about clients or the general betterment of mankind.”“The executive director is a self-serving hypocrite.”
• Do not write a single complex idea in a series of sentences:• Macbeth was very ambitious. This led him to wish to become king of Scotland. The witches told him that this wish of his would come true. The king of Scotland at this time was Duncan. Encouraged by his wife, Macbeth murdered Duncan. He was thus enabled to succeed Duncan as king. (55 words.)
Versus:Encouraged by his wife, Macbethachieved his ambition and realizedthe prediction of the witches bymurdering Duncan and becomingking of Scotland in his place. (26words.)
Shrunk "He noticed a large stain in the rug that was right in the center." "He noticed a large stain right in the center of the rug."
Watch out for these phrases: • for the most part • for the purpose of • in a manner of speaking • in a very real sense • in my opinion • in the case of • in the final analysis
More…• in the event that• in the nature of• it has been estimated that• it seems that• the point I am trying to make• what I mean to say is• it may be argued that
Wrong Right• All three of the the three• Fewer in number fewer• Give rise to cause• In all cases always• In a position to can• In close proximity to near• In order to to
Wordy Clearin spite of the fact that althoughin the event that ifnew innovations innovationsone and the same the sameperiod of four days four dayspersonal opinion opinionshorter/longer in length shorter/longer
Measurement and other managementtools• Results based accountability – • Using results to make decisions • Knowing what outcomes we want • How are “customers” (clients) better off as a result of our services? • Convincing stakeholders that data is important
Using common language tools• Results – the condition of well-being we want for clients• Indicators – how we measure these conditions• Baselines – where are we and where we are headed• Turning the curve – improvement is up from the baseline• Performance measurement – how weKnow programs are working
Leading through data• Convincing program staff that data is important• Doing good is not enough• Presenting data clearly• Eliminating unnecessary words
Taking responsibility• Mark Friedman: • “We have created a service system for children and families where it is entirely possible for public health, mental health, juvenile justice, social services and the schools to all be working with the same family and not even know it.”
It takes a communityTillamook County Oregon• Schools• Churches• The county health department• YMCA• Community College• Commission on Children and Families• Hospitals• Women’s Crisis Center
Goals• Definition • A statement that describes in broad terms what the client will do.• Example • Client will reduce alcohol use.
Objectives• Definition • A statement in specific and measurable terms that describes what the client will know or do.• Example • 80% of clients will be alcohol free upon completion of the program and six-months after.
Short LongInputs Activities Outputs Term Term Goal Goal
Training Counseling Program Meals MadeDevelopment Activities
Number of trainings Number of counseling sessionsNumber of staffwho can explain Number of mealstheir role in the served program methodology Outputs
Learning SkillsMotivation Attitudes Short Term Outcomes
Environmental Economic Behavior PoliciesSocial Long Political Term
SWOT Analysis Strengths Qualified Staff Weakness Strong Board leadership Funding sources unstable Good community relationships High turnover Poor measurement of outcomes Threats Opportunities Recession will worsen to depression New federal funding available Competition from for profit entities New interest in homeless families Need exceeds ability to respond
PEST• Political• Economic• Social• Technological• Break out session. Perform this testfor the agency you work for and presentit to the class.