Trichomoniasis Defined Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease and is caused by the single- celled protozoan parasite trichomonas vaginalis producing mechanical stress on host cells and then ingesting cell fragments after death.
Symptoms of Trich Women- frothy, often unpleasant-smelling discharge- blood spotting in the discharge- itching in and around the vagina- smelling in the groin- the urge to urinate frequently – often with pain and burning- Men- discharge from the urethra- the urge to urinate frequently – often with pain and burning
The Causes In women, trich organisms usually infect the vagina, urethra, cervix, bladder, and glands in the genital area, such as Bartholins and Skenes glands. In men, infections develop in the urethra or under the foreskin of an uncircumcised penis.
Treatment Trichomoniasis can usually be cured with prescription drugs, either metronidazole or tinidazole, given by mouth in a single dose. The symptoms of trichomoniasis may disappear within a few weeks without treatment.
Statistics Most women found to have trichomoniasis (85%) reported no symptoms. Women with no history of sexual intercourse can still be affected by trichomoniasis (1.0%), as can pregnant women (3.2%), and women who have ever been pregnant (4.1%). African American women had a prevalence of 13.3%, white women prevalence of 1.3%, and Mexican American women prevalence of 1.8%. Prevalence of trichomoniasis increases with age and lifetime number of sexual partners among African American women.