The Rime of the Ancient Mariner - in class notes


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The Rime of the Ancient Mariner - in class notes

  1. 1. The Rime of the Ancient Mariner Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  2. 2. The Rime of the Ancient Mariner• Samuel Taylor Coleridge• 1798• The consequences of sin• Guilt• The horror of isolation
  3. 3. The Rime of the Ancient Mariner• Lyrical Ballad• Ballad – narrative poem• Intense descriptions• Emotional Force• Rhyming
  4. 4. Part 1• The wedding guest is under the “spell” of The Mariner’s “glittering eye”• The Albatross is a spiritual symbol – God and nature – white bird like a dove (Holy Spirit)• Romantics believed God and nature were one• Verses 41-44 - “Storm…tyrannous and strong” – personification• “wings…chased us” - metaphor
  5. 5. Part I continued• Verse 81 – “Why look’st thou so? – tone change• The Mariner kills the good bird with his cross bow
  6. 6. Part 2• The shipmates blame the Mariner for killing the Albatross then take it back – they become accomplices to the killing• Verses 103-106 – “furrow, followed free” – Alliteration• The shipmates blame the Mariner for killing the Albatross – they believe that killing the bird has caused them to be stranded and evil around them• “Instead of the cross” hang Albatross around his neck – symbolism – sin and guilt
  7. 7. Part 3• “Death Ship” – metaphor• Verses 190 – 194 - “Her lips were red…” personification of death – a woman• Verses 195 – 198 - Game of dice “I’ve won” game of “chance” – fate/life• Darkness = death• Verse 215 – “cursed me with his eye” – symbolism• Souls passed him like his “crossbow” – how he killed the Albatross
  8. 8. Part 4• Verses 232 – 235 – “Alone, alone, all alone…” – repetition – he is isolated• “My heart as dry as dust” – he is alive but his soul is dead– symbolism• Although the men are dead they curse him with their eyes (souls)• “Seven days, seven nights…” – biblical number• Verse 263 – “The moving Moon…” – alliteration also brings a change in tone
  9. 9. Part 4• Verses 263 – 287• “Softly she was going up…”• “…beams bemocked…”• “…the water snakes… shining white… elfish light”• “I watched their rich attire:/Blue, glossy green and velvet black….flash of golden fire”• The beauty of nature has saved him, he can pray and is alive• The Albatross falls off – his guilt/sin is released into the sea
  10. 10. Part 5• Mary – Holy Mother – brings sleep and rain• Rain – water = rebirth – symbolism• Mariner dies in his sleep and comes back a blessed ghost• The dead rise and steer the ship without any wind• They are angels – “angels song”• “dawned…dropped” “Sweet sounds” - alliteration
  11. 11. Part 5• The Polar Spirit carries the ship as the angels command but he still wants vengeance• The Polar Spirit takes the ship to the line. He and his demons shake the ship. The Mariner is struck and is unconscious.• The Mariner’s penance is not over
  12. 12. Part 6• When the Mariner is in a trance the ship moves with super natural power• When he is awake serves his penance and the dead men continue to curse him• Verse 446 – “…on a lonesome road…” – symbolism – life , isolation• Verse 472 “… clear as glass…” – simile – change in tone – light images• Angels are light
  13. 13. Part 7• The Hermit – hermits live in the woods away from people• He Hermit encourages the pilot to push forward and rescue the Mariner• The appearance of the Mariner – “The Devil knows how to row.”• Mariner asks Hermit to shrieve ( hear penance, absolve someone’s sins)- transforms him into a priest• Once he tells his story (sin) he is free• His penance is to retell his story