The HarlemRenaissancePolitical & SocialAspectsMario Soto, Christopher Dixon,Michael Lopez, Ty-Gena Dozier, and
Early 1900s Movement of African Americans, art, music,literature, and dance Encourage African Americans to embrace theirheritage Raise of radical African American intellectuals Transformed African American’s identity andhistory Later known as The Harlem Renaissance
The Great Migration-Better opportunities- Newspapers enticed people callingHarlem the “promise land”- Brought new creativity to big northerncities (New York, Chicago, Detroit)- Developed an independent spirit.
An African American platoon Also known as the 369th Regiment Marched up 5th Ave in Harlem, NY- Celebrated the return of African Americantroops.Got people thinking about their equality inAmerica
Founded Feb. 2 , 1909 National Association of the Advancement ofColored People W.E.B Du bois James Weldon Johnson- Lift Ev’ry Voice The Crisis
- Black historical sociologist and Harvardscholar.- Founded the NAACP (National Association ofthe Advancement of Colored People)- Promoted civil rights and fight for AfricanAmericans
- Diplomat, author, songwriter, lawyer, educatorto civil right advocate and mentor to blackwriters- Wrote the Negro National Anthem- Secretary of the NAACP- Anti- Lynching Bill (1921)- “Black Manhattan”
- UNIA; Universal Negro ImprovementAssociation- “Back to Africa” movement-Black Star Line- Negro Factories Corporation- Critized the NAACP
- Born a slave- Educator- National Negro Business League- Urged blacks to accept their unequal positionin society- Disagreed with W.E.B Du bois- Social rights vs. Economic Dominance
Fire!! was a magazinededicated to artisticexpression withoutcensorship. Image courtesy: “Teaching the American 20s:Image Gallery Cover of Fire!!, Vol. 1, no. 1” Date:1926 By 1926 younger artistsrejected censorship. Artists such as LangstonHughes, Zora Neale Hurstonand Wallace Thurmandetailed the negative aspectsof Harlem life. Harsh conditions existing inthe North promoted thedesire for change. The Civil Rights Movementwas therefore fueled by theHarlem Renaissance.