Copyright and Fair Use Marietta City Schools Media Program
What is copyright? <ul><li>Actual Federal Law:  Title 17, United States Code, Public Law 94-553, 90 Stat.2541 </li></ul><u...
So What? <ul><li>Federal offense to break the law </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive mistake </li></ul><ul><li>Lawsuits go up cha...
Penalties for Infringement <ul><li>Fines from $750-$30,000 PER INFRINGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Felony conviction in some in...
<ul><li>Schools can use any copyright protected material they wish because they are a school. </li></ul><ul><li>Using mate...
<ul><li>Promoting someone’s work by distributing copies is justification for free use. </li></ul><ul><li>Materials used “f...
Misconceptions <ul><li>If it doesn’t have a copyright notice, it’s not copyrighted. </li></ul><ul><li>If I don’t charge fo...
Misconceptions <ul><li>If I make up my own work, but base it on another work, my new work belongs to me. </li></ul>
What CAN I Use?
Materials in the Public Domain <ul><li>Passes out of copyright law </li></ul><ul><li>Fair for anyone to use for any reason...
Materials with Creative Commons Licenses <ul><li>CC came into existence in 2002 as an alternative to full copyright. </li>...
Obtain Permissions <ul><li>Can contact the author or publisher directly  </li></ul><ul><li>Can get permission to use books...
Otherwise……
Rights of the Creator  of the Copyrighted Work <ul><li>The Creator Has Sole Rights to </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduction- copi...
<ul><li>Four Tests of Fair Use </li></ul><ul><li>Character of Use- Education </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of Work- Factual, cr...
<ul><li>What are the guidelines? </li></ul><ul><li>That depends on what medium we are talking about… </li></ul>Fair Use Gu...
FAIR USE IN THE CLASSROOM <ul><li>FOR SCHOLARLY RESEARCH </li></ul><ul><li>USE IN TEACHING (face-to-face instruction) </li...
FAIR USE- SINGLE COPYING FOR TEACHERS <ul><li>1 CHAPTER FROM A BOOK </li></ul><ul><li>1 ARTICLE FROM A PERIODICAL OR NEWSP...
FAIR USE- MULTIPLE COPYING FOR TEACHERS <ul><li>1 COPY PER PUPIL </li></ul>
FAIR USE- MULTIPLE COPYING FOR TEACHERS <ul><li>MEETS “BREVITY” TEST (the amount being copied) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poem:...
FAIR USE- MULTIPLE COPYING FOR TEACHERS <ul><li>MEETS “SPONTANEITY” TEST (How quickly do you need it?) </li></ul><ul><ul><...
FAIR USE- MULTIPLE COPYING FOR TEACHERS <ul><li>MEETS “CUMULATIVE EFFECT” TEST (harm to potential market of an author) </l...
FAIR USE- MULTIPLE COPYING FOR TEACHERS <ul><li>COPIES SHOULD INCLUDE A NOTICE OF COPYRIGHT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who wrot...
FAIR USE No-No’s <ul><li>Cannot replace/substitute a work, esp. books or periodicals that can be purchased </li></ul><ul><...
Special School Situations <ul><li>Must occur in the course of face-to-face teaching activities </li></ul><ul><li>Excludes ...
Special School Situations <ul><li>DISPLAYS </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot use, recreate syndicated comic strip or cartoon charac...
Special School Situations <ul><li>AUDIO </li></ul><ul><li>No narrating of an entire story. </li></ul><ul><li>You cannot ma...
Videos <ul><li>Viewing must take place in a classroom or similar place for instruction,  </li></ul><ul><li>Must be of a le...
Marietta City Schools Video Rules <ul><li>You may only show movies purchased by the school for school use.  No rentals and...
Music <ul><li>Cannot copy sheet music if you can buy it. </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot reproduce or convert works to different ...
Software <ul><li>If purchased, can be installed on machines or via network  = to number of licenses . </li></ul><ul><li>Ca...
Internet <ul><li>Images for student projects or teacher lessons (cite sources when you can) </li></ul><ul><li>Sound files/...
Multimedia/Video Projects <ul><li>Inserted material can equal 10% or 3 minutes of the total original work </li></ul>
Television <ul><li>Regular local VHF and EHF channels (local channels) taped at school or home can be shown. Must include ...
Television <ul><li>Cannot tape  cable channels  like Disney, Nickelodeon, Discovery, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot tape sa...
Television <ul><li>Students must view program during the first 10 school days –  </li></ul><ul><li>1 time for instruction,...
What do students need  to know? <ul><li>When you take notes or write a paper, write down the information in your own words...
What do students need  to know? <ul><li>Recommended citations styles: </li></ul><ul><li>K-5  MLA </li></ul><ul><li>6-12  M...
References <ul><li>Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia.   (2006).  Regents guide to understanding copyrig...
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Copyright And Fair Use 2009

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Comprehensive copyright training for K-12 settings.

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Copyright And Fair Use 2009

  1. 1. Copyright and Fair Use Marietta City Schools Media Program
  2. 2. What is copyright? <ul><li>Actual Federal Law: Title 17, United States Code, Public Law 94-553, 90 Stat.2541 </li></ul><ul><li>Protects all forms of expression that are put down in some type of concrete form. </li></ul><ul><li>The law has changed almost every year since 1976. </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.copyright.gov/ </li></ul>
  3. 3. So What? <ul><li>Federal offense to break the law </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive mistake </li></ul><ul><li>Lawsuits go up chain of command </li></ul>
  4. 4. Penalties for Infringement <ul><li>Fines from $750-$30,000 PER INFRINGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Felony conviction in some instances </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Schools can use any copyright protected material they wish because they are a school. </li></ul><ul><li>Using materials is okay if you don’t make a profit. </li></ul>Misconceptions From “10 Big Myths About Copyright Explained” http://www.templetons.com/brad/copymyths.html
  6. 6. <ul><li>Promoting someone’s work by distributing copies is justification for free use. </li></ul><ul><li>Materials used “for the good of kids” absolves one of copyright liability. </li></ul>Misconceptions
  7. 7. Misconceptions <ul><li>If it doesn’t have a copyright notice, it’s not copyrighted. </li></ul><ul><li>If I don’t charge for it, it’s not a violation. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Misconceptions <ul><li>If I make up my own work, but base it on another work, my new work belongs to me. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What CAN I Use?
  10. 10. Materials in the Public Domain <ul><li>Passes out of copyright law </li></ul><ul><li>Fair for anyone to use for any reason. </li></ul><ul><li>Works from authors who died before 1937 </li></ul><ul><li>Works created before 1887 </li></ul><ul><li>Works published before 1978 without a valid copyright notice </li></ul><ul><li>Works the author has granted freely to the public domain </li></ul>
  11. 11. Materials with Creative Commons Licenses <ul><li>CC came into existence in 2002 as an alternative to full copyright. </li></ul><ul><li>Grant certain &quot;baseline rights“ such as the right to distribute the copyrighted work without changes, at no charge. </li></ul><ul><li>Most want credit only. Know the symbols. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Obtain Permissions <ul><li>Can contact the author or publisher directly </li></ul><ul><li>Can get permission to use books and journals through the Copyright Clearance Center http://www.copyright.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase public performance rights through Movie Licensing USA http://www.movlic.com/ </li></ul>
  13. 13. Otherwise……
  14. 14. Rights of the Creator of the Copyrighted Work <ul><li>The Creator Has Sole Rights to </li></ul><ul><li>Reproduction- copies </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptations- change work </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution- giving out/selling </li></ul><ul><li>Public Performance </li></ul><ul><li>Displays </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Four Tests of Fair Use </li></ul><ul><li>Character of Use- Education </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of Work- Factual, creative, published, unpublished </li></ul><ul><li>Amount of Work Used </li></ul><ul><li>Effect on Market Value- Who loses money </li></ul>Criteria
  16. 16. <ul><li>What are the guidelines? </li></ul><ul><li>That depends on what medium we are talking about… </li></ul>Fair Use Guidelines
  17. 17. FAIR USE IN THE CLASSROOM <ul><li>FOR SCHOLARLY RESEARCH </li></ul><ul><li>USE IN TEACHING (face-to-face instruction) </li></ul><ul><li>USE IN PREPARATION TO TEACH A CLASS </li></ul><ul><li>USE IN CLASSROOM DISCUSSION </li></ul><ul><li>PRESENTATION AT PEER WORKSHOPS AND CONFERENCES </li></ul><ul><li>PERSONAL USES (job reviews or interviews) </li></ul>
  18. 18. FAIR USE- SINGLE COPYING FOR TEACHERS <ul><li>1 CHAPTER FROM A BOOK </li></ul><ul><li>1 ARTICLE FROM A PERIODICAL OR NEWSPAPER </li></ul><ul><li>1 SHORT STORY, SHORT ESSAY OR SHORT POEM </li></ul><ul><li>1 CHART, GRAPH, DIAGRAM, DRAWING, CARTOON, OR PICTURE FROM A BOOK, PERIODICAL OR NEWSPAPER </li></ul>
  19. 19. FAIR USE- MULTIPLE COPYING FOR TEACHERS <ul><li>1 COPY PER PUPIL </li></ul>
  20. 20. FAIR USE- MULTIPLE COPYING FOR TEACHERS <ul><li>MEETS “BREVITY” TEST (the amount being copied) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Poem: Less that 250 words or two pages or less </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Article, Story, Essay: Less than 2500 words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Text: Not more than 10% of the work or 1000 words, whichever is less </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illustration: 1 per book or issue </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. FAIR USE- MULTIPLE COPYING FOR TEACHERS <ul><li>MEETS “SPONTANEITY” TEST (How quickly do you need it?) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on immediate needs of teacher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can’t copy and save it for undetermined amount of time </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. FAIR USE- MULTIPLE COPYING FOR TEACHERS <ul><li>MEETS “CUMULATIVE EFFECT” TEST (harm to potential market of an author) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For only one course or subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No more than one work from one author </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can only do this nine times over a year </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. FAIR USE- MULTIPLE COPYING FOR TEACHERS <ul><li>COPIES SHOULD INCLUDE A NOTICE OF COPYRIGHT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who wrote it/did it? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is it you are copying? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When was it published? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where was it published? </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. FAIR USE No-No’s <ul><li>Cannot replace/substitute a work, esp. books or periodicals that can be purchased </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot copy consumables (without express permission from publisher) </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot charge students money over the amount needed to make copy </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot be ordered to copy by higher authority </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot copy same work for more than one semester, class or course </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot use copyrighted work for commercial purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot use copyrighted work without attributing the author </li></ul>
  25. 25. Special School Situations <ul><li>Must occur in the course of face-to-face teaching activities </li></ul><ul><li>Excludes long-distance learning </li></ul>
  26. 26. Special School Situations <ul><li>DISPLAYS </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot use, recreate syndicated comic strip or cartoon characters for bulletin boards, hallways, cafeteria walls, or library displays </li></ul>“ My Bulletin Board” From magandafille's photostream on flickr.com, April, 2006
  27. 27. Special School Situations <ul><li>AUDIO </li></ul><ul><li>No narrating of an entire story. </li></ul><ul><li>You cannot make your own “books on tape” </li></ul><ul><li>No copying of tapes or CDs for any reason unless to replace a damaged copy already owned. </li></ul>“ Tape Recorder” from isriya's photostream on flickr.com, April, 2008
  28. 28. Videos <ul><li>Viewing must take place in a classroom or similar place for instruction, </li></ul><ul><li>Must be of a legally acquired (or legally copied) copy of the work </li></ul><ul><li>Must be shown in face-to-face teaching situation </li></ul>
  29. 29. Marietta City Schools Video Rules <ul><li>You may only show movies purchased by the school for school use. No rentals and store bought “For Home Use” videos/DVDs are allowed. </li></ul><ul><li>You may not show full length feature films in their entirety to students but may show clips for instructional purposes related to the GPS not just for entertainment or reward. </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t show any Disney unless it has been purchased through Disney Educational Productions </li></ul>
  30. 30. Music <ul><li>Cannot copy sheet music if you can buy it. </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot reproduce or convert works to different mediums (MP3s) </li></ul><ul><li>You can use up to 10% from records, cassette tapes, CD’s, and/or audio clips </li></ul>
  31. 31. Software <ul><li>If purchased, can be installed on machines or via network = to number of licenses . </li></ul><ul><li>Can make copies for archival use or to replace lost/damaged/stolen copies. </li></ul><ul><li>Once installed it becomes school property. </li></ul><ul><li>Can’t install a program from CD or floppy disc if it is already installed in one place (unless you have a site license) </li></ul>
  32. 32. Internet <ul><li>Images for student projects or teacher lessons (cite sources when you can) </li></ul><ul><li>Sound files/video (10%) </li></ul><ul><li>Reposting images on the Internet without permission. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Multimedia/Video Projects <ul><li>Inserted material can equal 10% or 3 minutes of the total original work </li></ul>
  34. 34. Television <ul><li>Regular local VHF and EHF channels (local channels) taped at school or home can be shown. Must include all copyright information. </li></ul><ul><li>Making copies to use in different classrooms at same time. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Television <ul><li>Cannot tape cable channels like Disney, Nickelodeon, Discovery, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot tape same program multiple times </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot use after 45 days. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Television <ul><li>Students must view program during the first 10 school days – </li></ul><ul><li>1 time for instruction, </li></ul><ul><li>1 time for reinforcement. </li></ul><ul><li>During other 35 days, teacher can use for evaluation of students. </li></ul>
  37. 37. What do students need to know? <ul><li>When you take notes or write a paper, write down the information in your own words </li></ul><ul><li>To give credit where credit is due </li></ul><ul><li>Instructors should teach students to cite resources within reports and through bibliographies </li></ul>
  38. 38. What do students need to know? <ul><li>Recommended citations styles: </li></ul><ul><li>K-5 MLA </li></ul><ul><li>6-12 MLA and APA </li></ul>
  39. 39. References <ul><li>Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia. (2006). Regents guide to understanding copyright & educational fair use.  Retrieved June 19, 2006 from www.usg.edu /legal/copyright/ </li></ul><ul><li>  Griffin-Spalding County School System. (2004) Media specialist handbook. Griffin, GA. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Griffin-Spalding County Schools. (1998) Questions concerning copyright compliance [Brochure]. Griffin, GA. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>  Simpson, C.M. (2005) Copyright for schools: A practical guide. Worthington, Ohio: Linworth. </li></ul><ul><li>O’Mahoney, B. (2005). Copyright website . Retrieved June 19, 2006 from http:// www.benedict.com / </li></ul><ul><li>Templeton, B. (2008). 10 big myths about copyright explained. Brad Templeton’s home page. Retrieved August 31, 2009 from http://www.templetons.com/brad/copymyths.html </li></ul><ul><li>All Photos courtesy of Microsoft Office unless otherwise noted. </li></ul>From “10 Big Myths About Copyright Explained” http://www.templetons.com/brad/copymyths.html

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