Cities are the hubs and innovation drivers of, both, the Chinese and the European economy; moreover, cities are the cultural and creative centres that inspire our societies. It’s our cities where our knowledge is generated and our economy gets its growth impetus from. Indeed, with ever-faster growing urbanisation cities will become even more important to both our economies and societies. According to our estimates more than 80% of our citizens will be living in cities by 2050, the global figure will be at about 70% by this time.
2.1 The Green Digital Charter and Project NiCE 2.2 Towards Agreed Measurements Methodologies on Carbon Footprint for the ICT Sector
The main message here is that smart cities can be viewed from many different perspectives, there is no one-size-fits-all definition. We are still discussing issues of scope. For now, our smart city thinking is centered around sustainability and our 20:20:20 energy and climate targets. It is likely that these will continue to form the central focus of any future initiative – however the scope can extend to water and waste management, inclusion, health and safety…. One point to bear in mind is that the set of activities which fall under the responsibility of city/local authorities can put a natural limit on the scope of what they could realistically commit to undertake.
bringing multi-environmental criteria dimension (water, air pollution, raw materials, electricity, fuel…)
This initiative set up by Eurocities and the city of Manchester has put the EU’s energy and climate targets at the centre of its activities. It is hooked into the bigger and broader Covenant of Mayors Initiative, but: - It focuses specifically on the use of ICT to help achieve these targets (will say some more about this later when we come to address energy efficiency. ). - It also focuses on reducing the footprint of ICT in cities (through consolidation of large data-centres for example). Will also present some best practice examples ….
As part of the Green Digital Charter, cities have made ambitious commitments. Nice should help stimulate action and make progress visible. It should enable cities to interact and share ideas, approaches,… There is one Chinese partner .. the City of Yantai. The hope is to promote European approaches and technologies in Yantai and beyond.
Europe 2014-2020: smart & green cities
Smart Green Cities Selected EU ICT Policy Initiatives in ContextRencontre de représentants de la région Aquitaine Colette Maloney, PhD Head of ICT for Sustainable Growth Unit 30 January 2012 Directorate-General Information Society and Media European Commission Smart Green Cities - Selected EU ICT Policy Initiatives slide 1
Outline1. Defining the Concept: What Makes a City a Smart Green City?2. Addressing the Challenge: What’s Happening at EU ICT Policy Initiatives Level?3. Conclusions Smart Green Cities - Selected EU ICT Policy Initiatives slide 2
1. Defining the ConceptA city becomes ‘smart’ and ‘green’ through strategic deployment of ICTinfrastructure and services to achieve sustainability policy objectives. Energy and Resource EfficiencySmart and Green through ICT ICT deployed to increase energy efficiency in buildings and beyond, including urban planning; ICT-optimised water and waste management; … Carbon Neutrality ICT deployed to decrease carbon footprint of private and public real estate, to feed distributed renewables into the grid, to optimise traffic management; … Cost-Effectiveness ICT deployed to realise savings through reduced peak energy demand, to turn consumers into prosumers, to optimise logistics; … ? ICT deployed to enable achieving further public policy objectives Smart Green Cities - Selected EU ICT Policy Initiatives slide 3
2. Addressing the Challenge – Part I: Towards a Common Methodology An agreed measurements framework to define environmental KPIs for ICT’s impact is a precondition for any further meaningful work. The Issue EC Approach Application to Cities ? - Working with Cities’ infrastructures international cover whole potential of + standardisation bodies (ITU, ETSI, IEC, …) smart green ICT use: Buldings, Neighbourhoods Working with industry Energy grids Water+ ICT as enablerenergy, contribute to to stakeholders Transport, Logicstics Cities provide sufficient Completing and resource efficiency demand to achieve expanding efforts to a targets critical mass common framework to - Negative impact of ICT on the environment capture ICT’s overall impact across To be able to compare and learn cities require How to measure the environmental own framework to overall impact of ICT? dimensions measure ICT’s impact Smart Green Cities - Selected EU ICT Policy Initiatives slide 4
2. Addressing the Challenge – Part 2: Connecting and Enabling European CitiesThe Green Digital Charter means political commitment and specific actionstowards ICT-enabled sustainability targets and greening ICT itself. Overall Objectives Since November 2009, to encourage cities to: (iv)reduce the carbon footprint of their ICT and (v) roll-out ICT solutions leading to more energy and resource efficiency, carbon neutrality and further public policy goals Signatory Majors’ Commitments Closely cooperate on ICT deployment towards public policy goals Deploy 5 large scale ICT projects within 5 years Decrease ICT’s direct carbon footprint by 30% within 10 years Smart Green Cities - Selected EU ICT Policy Initiatives slide 5
2. Addressing the Challenge – Part 2: Connecting and Enabling European Cities‘NiCE – Networking intelligent Cities for Energy Efficiency’ is the EC’ssupport action to promote and advance the Green Digital Charter. Key Objectives Objectives: establishing an ICT footprint Reporting Tool drawing on existing international standards to measure, compare and report ICT’s direct carbon footprint at city level Supporting the Green Digital Charter in moving from political commitment to action: Define a set of Deliver practical Knowledge monitoring and support to the Cooperation exchange reporting tools signatory cities with China beyond GDC Smart Green Cities - Selected EU ICT Policy Initiatives slide 6
2. Addressing the Challenge – Part 3: Moving Beyond the SiloThe European Commission will focus its efforts on smart cities acrossportfolios to optimise outputs and ensure public policy coherence. Information Society and Media e & pro c tur to col Environment tr u s Energy r as Coherent policy i nf initiatives for smartening & n a ti o Int greening our lic er o cities pp pe r ab i -a t le & ul m Research Mobility and and Transport Innovation Smart Green Cities - Selected EU ICT Policy Initiatives slide 7 7
3. Conclusions The Smart Green City is one that strategically mobilises ICT infrastructure and services towards achieving sustainability objectives whilst addressing ICT’s own environmental impact The European Commission lays great emphasis on the adaption of a common framework to measure ICT’s overall environmental impact EU ICT policy initiatives work towards improving and spreading Smart Green Cities throughout our Member States Interoperable and multi-application infrastructure and protocols are the backbone to making Smart Green Cities a success story Smart Green Cities - Selected EU ICT Policy Initiatives slide 8 8
Thank you for your attention. Smart Green Cities - Selected EU ICT Policy Initiatives slide 9 9