Metrics for Environmental Health

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  • Metrics for Environmental Health

    1. 1. Everything I need to know I learned in NCED* *or NPR** **or random other places
    2. 2. Roadmap • Breaking the fourth wall • Sustainable energy and the environment: ecologic metrics and valuation • Coda: towards a new method of funding river restoration science • Pico coda (maybe!): harnessing the wisdom of crowds for environmental solutions
    3. 3. Synthesis
    4. 4. We can build him better than before...
    5. 5. Sustainable Systems
    6. 6. Sustainable Systems
    7. 7. Sustainable Systems • Initial environmental cost • Ongoing environmental costs
    8. 8. • Initial environmental cost • Ongoing environmental costs
    9. 9. Energy Sustainable Limited
    10. 10. Energy Sustainable Limited “Physics” “Fuel”
    11. 11. Energy Sustainable Limited “Physics” “Fuel” • Hydro • Fossil • Wind • Fission (“Nuclear”) • Solar • Fusion • Tidal • Geothermal • Biofuel
    12. 12. Economics Primer Distribution of scarce resources to maximize... (?)
    13. 13. Economics Primer Distribution of scarce resources to maximize... (?) Profit!
    14. 14. Economics Primer Distribution of scarce resources to maximize... (?) “Quality of Life”
    15. 15. Economics Primer Distribution of scarce resources to maximize... (?) “Quality of Life” Index What do people value?
    16. 16. Environmental Valuation
    17. 17. Value of a healthy ecosystem?
    18. 18. Hold on...
    19. 19. “Healthy Ecosystem?!?”
    20. 20. Angelo Coast Range Reserve
    21. 21. (not) Angelo Coast Range Reserve
    22. 22. What to measure? Inputs vs. Outputs
    23. 23. What to measure? Inputs vs. Outputs Outputs: biodiversity, biomass
    24. 24. Slaughterhouse Inspection Temple Grandin WinardPhoto: © Rosalie Winard We are measuring inputs
    25. 25. We should be measuring outputs: pass Pauline, President Taft’s pet cow fail
    26. 26. (oh what a tangled web we weave) Great Lakes Food Web
    27. 27. Outputs: high spatial / temporal variability ...trophic level change ...cohorts
    28. 28. River Restoration: A Heuristic Approach Lake County, IL restoration project
    29. 29. ... spatial and temporal variability
    30. 30. Measure inputs, not outputs! • variability: spacial, temporal • baseline: statistical equilibrium
    31. 31. Metrics we like: • Fast, easy, and/or cheap to measure • Broadly comparable • Useful(!)
    32. 32. Spatial Metrics (variability) • Physical substrate aka “houses” • Microclimate: PAR, T, soil moisture, slope... • Ecological patchiness: LiDAR canopy vs. bare earth returns
    33. 33. Nutrient Metrics (movement) • Keystone species? • Nutrient sensor network: pattern(s)? • Native vs. non-native vegetation
    34. 34. • Keystone species? • Nutrient sensor network: pattern(s)? • Native vs. non-native vegetation
    35. 35. • Nutrient sensor network: pattern(s)?
    36. 36. • Native vs. non-native vegetation Non-native == black hole...
    37. 37. Temporal Metrics (variability) • ??? metrics • We need cohorts • We need statistical steady-state... baseline?
    38. 38. Environmental Valuation
    39. 39. Public values? • more “pristine” • better recreation • more “production” • more unique (Endangered Species Act)
    40. 40. Scientific Values - within system • spatial and temporal variability (diversity) • nutrient utilization (biomass)
    41. 41. Scientific Values - between systems • biomes • adjoining land (migration, genetic exchange) • refugia
    42. 42. Sustainable energy vs. ecological health: scarce resource distribution... Distribution of scarce resources to maximize... Energy Ecologic Health
    43. 43. Systems Human Natural Statistical Steady-state Steady-state
    44. 44. Systems Human Natural Low variability Variability necessary
    45. 45. Scarce resources... • Gravel • Hydraulic Power
    46. 46. resource distribution Rather than maximizing energy generation: need to balance physical, nutrient, and energy inputs into the ecosystem.
    47. 47. vs. Clockwork Chaos
    48. 48. Energy generation: introduce spatial and temporal variability “sacrifice” maximum energy productivity in exchange for more resources to environment
    49. 49. “sacrifice” maximum energy productivity in exchange for more resources to environment Challenge: still generate “enough” energy • evaluate: smaller footprint with higher energy productivity, or larger footprint with lower energy productivity? • or: smaller footprint with lower energy productivity, plus alternative energy system?
    50. 50. Food for Thought (MIT Library System)
    51. 51. Chaos Clockwork vs. Could introducing “statistical steady-state” ever increase energy production?!?
    52. 52. Food for Thought (MIT Library System)
    53. 53. Baseline migration in statistical steady-state... Theory: Ecological change != environmental degradation
    54. 54. Theory: Ecological change != environmental degradation Wild rice ==> Duckweed... Ecological or Social Problem?

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