Special needs for children and families


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  • Lee was grown up in adverse environment. They lived in refugee camp in Bosnia in adverse and war situation before come to Canada. He was grown up in a broken family. All of his family members had a lack of communication skill in English. His father and uncle are separated from family. Mother and aunt did not enough skills, income, and social status. He did not get enough love and other family supports. Unfavourable environment, separation from his beloved family members, poverty, war, adverse and horror situation of his family which are the barriers to develop his physical, cognitive, social and language skills. He was worrying, thinking more, concern and fear about uncertainty of their future and was suffering psychological, emotional and anxiety illness. Due to the situation, his relationships with parents, aunt, siblings and peers did not develop properly. As a result, his behaviour was developed with violent attitude. Lee was repeatedly remembering the past and present adverse situation of his family. He lost interest in activities for enjoy, feeling not well and was thinking that the adverse situation will not end. Therefore, his developmental domains are not grown up properly. He was caught by emotional anxiety and feeling negatively of his family environment. As a result, his mental and social domains did not develop properly and expressed destructive behaviours during play in the dramatic play center. Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posttraumatic_stress_disorder http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anxiety_disorder Assignment Scenario# 14  
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): Post-Traumatic stress disorder is a one kind of emotional illness. The illness is evolved due to adverse anxiety-related experiences, psychological and mental shock, environment, behaviours, war, fear and poverty, separation of beloved one, uncertain future and unsafe experiences. As a result, some one is suffering a lot of anxieties. http://www.medicinenet.com/posttraumatic_stress_disorder/article.htm
  • Causes of the Emotional and Behavioural Disorder ▪ Experiencing psychological and emotional fear during his childhood due to his environment, supports and obscure future ▪ Neglected environment in family as well as in society ▪ Lack of social and parental supports ▪ Panic and anxiety disorder due to the situation and environment of the family. ▪ Separation of his loved one (father & uncle) from family ▪ Emotional and mental abuse due to lack proper supports and environment ▪ Sense of insecurity due to the family situation ▪ Believe that their parent are not capable to support and protect them ▪ Helplessness and hopelessness ▪ Poverty of the family. ▪ Long lasting anxiety, concern and worry due to multiple adverse situation of the family ▪ He lived in a refugee camp due to war in Bosnia   Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posttraumatic_stress_disorder http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anxiety_disorder
  • Needs Services and Supports for the Child-Lee: Provide Quality and Flexible Childcare Facility: Provide an opportunity to Lee a quality childcare environment, where Lee will able to involve with different kinds of activities with peers and teachers. Due to flexible schedule for example 6am to 6 pm will help his mother to keep him in childcare any time and go outside for her necessary works. So that he could develop his social, intellectual, problem solving skills which will reduce his emotional anxiety and aggressive behaviours. Need Modification of Physical Environment : We know the environment has a great role to properly develop the children developmental domains. Children watch, follow and learn from their surrounding environment. Their physical, cognitive, social and language skills depend on their environment. The mental, social and cognitive domains of Lee’s did not properly develop due to his family’s situation and environment. I believe that it is most essential to improve his family environment. Need to spend time for companion : He was feeling separation anxiety of his parents. Therefore, need to give him companion to relieve his aloneness and build good relationships with parent, aunt, sibling and peers Modify the Teaching Techniques: For example, positive role-modeling activities to improve social skills and reduce aggressive behaviours Involvement of a variety of Individual and Group Activities : To improve social, intellectual, problem solving skills Involvement o f Parents , staffs and child special for planning and making decision Connection with Agencies for Counselling and Therapy Individual and Group Counselling: Agencies like Child Development Institute, Aisling Discoveries are providing individual and group counselling to reduce emotional and psychological related anxieties. Cognitive Therapy: It helps the child solve problems by finding and changing dysfunctional thinking, negative thinking, behaviour, emotion and anxiety. Behavioural Therapy : It is used to treat depression, anxiety and phobias. It identify the causes of dysfunctional behaviours and take necessary action to change the behaviours Psychoanalysis Therapy : It is a specific mind investigation technique. It is used to investigate the mind, human behaviours and treat psychological illnesses. Need to build self-confidence of Lee: Individual counselling will help to build his confidence Need counselling by licensed professional and social workers   Necessary Information and Services for Families a. Accessing Services and Supports : There are many agencies that are providing services and supports to children and families. His family needs the details information to communicate with them for supports. b. Childcare Fee Subsidy : Low income family are allowed to get childcare fee subsidy. His families need the necessary information and process to get the facility Specialized Nursery School: There are specialized nursery schools for the children with special needs in Toronto. His family needs this information for Lee. Social Welfare Support : Financial assistant is available in Toronto who does not have sufficient income. Subsidise Housing : There is opportunity in Toronto to get subsidized house that have low income.   Educating and Counselling : The mom and aunt of Lee are separated from their husbands. They were not in good shape due to surrounding situation and they did have enough knowledge to overcome the situation. So they need education and counselling to overcome the situation. Improve Language and Communication Skills: The mom and aunt of Lee did not have enough English knowledge for smoothly communication. It is most necessary to express their views and get a job. Community Based Programmes: Involvement with community based program will help: Connect to other families in their communities Social network for children and parents Informal parent education Resource for Family Healthy child development Connecting with Community and Service Agencies: Family of Lee’s is new comer in Canada. They are facing emotional anxiety. Involve them with community will help to reduce their frustration and anxiety. Source ;  http://www.counselor.org/types-of-psychotherapy.html http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/918844-overview http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posttraumatic_stress_disorder http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/pages/ptsd-children-adolescents.asp http://www.cmha.ca/mental_health/post-traumatic-stress-disorder http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/talk/ptsd.html#
  • Meeting the Needs within the Childcare Setting   Modify the Environment: Layout the Area for Activities Properly: Children will feel comfort for active participation in a good layout and it will encourage and help them to easily understand which area is for what purpose and what they need to do. For example, Cubby: Place a coat hooks at the Lee’s Level. Add a photo of the Lee and a name card to personalize the space. Add a bin for personal belonggins. Safety: Ensure the safety of the area for activities of Lee and his peers. For example, free from unacceptable materials, maintain ratio and extra staff for special care of Lee. Arrange for a Variety of Age and Gender Appropriate Activities and Materials: Lee is boy and 6 years old. I will carefully select for him group activities those will suitable and safe for him. Then he will get interest and actively participate in the activities. For example, Art & Craft Project, Matching Shapes, Making Tower, Cho-Cho-Train Game and Building Block activities and materials like Craft foam, Markers, Colour, Play dough etc. These kinds of activities will improve his social, cognitive, problem solving and language skills and will reduce his emotional and anxiety related illness. Level Bins: Placing pictures of the actual objects and numbering system on the bins will help to easily identify the right place for each objects. Lee as well as other children will learn their responsibilities. For example, numbering the bins like 1, 2, 3, and levelling picture which object will go which shelves. This will help maintain order in systematic way and tidy up the area. Level with Picture for Each Area: It will help to Lee and other children to understand that which area is for what kind of activities. For example, Level the area with picture of “Dramatic Play” or Science or Music Area. Arrangement for Professional and Effective Teacher s: Provide professional and effective teachers who are able to grow up attention and interest for active participation in activities, set up appropriate group activities, build up trust, follow up, monitor activities and help the children when they need supports and reinforce them with positive wording for their small success. The teachers always highly take care of the safety for the children. He will communicate with children easily understandable way. He will expect realistic achievement from the children. For example, the teacher will guide them showing step by step procedure, take feedback and always use positive guidance strategies is able to build trust with children and follow up the teacher all advice and instructions   Modify Teaching Strategies : Child and family based Program: ● Setup an appropriate group activity for social, emotional and communication skills development. For example: Arts and Crafts activity like drawing and coloring books. Break Down the Task into Smaller Steps : For example, organize the children, arrange to sit down at a table, provide them drawing book, colours pencils, tern the book, getting the colour pencil, step by step follow the colouring techniques, organize and tidy up finish their work. Teaching Strategy: Teaching the children with showing real objects, using body language and role-model. Then the children will learn quickly and remember long time. For example, show them the colour pencils and book for colour. Provide the material to touch then they can realize about the materials. They show them with visual communication and by role-modelling about how to drawing and coloring in the books ● Working in the Zone of Proximal Development of Lev Vygotsky  : with the help of the teacher, Lee could proper interact, cooperate with peers and able to solve their problems ● Teach by role modelling about kindness, Compassion and Empathy to Lee. Develop social skills like cooperation, help each other, positive interaction, be empathic and appreciate others, teacher will teach Lee by role modelling their feeling-happy and sadness in front of mirror , demonstrate nonverbal and verbal expression strategy, expression of empathy by modelling gestures, hug, back rub, patting techniques.   Building Confidence: Lee has lack of communication and social skills. To build his confidence, I will involve him with small group activities with his cousin and friends of neighbour. It will help to build his confidence and gradually I will involve him for group activities with large group.   Provide New Activities for practice for Skills Development: I will provide them different types of group activities which will help to develop more social, physical, language and cognitive skills. For example, cooperative play like, Keep up Balloon Up, Building Block etc Motivate and Reinforce: The children will start to do colour nicely, they will talk and exchange ideas and views, share and take turns among themselves. When they done, they will show me their creative activities then I will praise the children one by one to say something positive wording for example excellent! Or well done etc.   Talk to Children and Keep Track: I will discuss with Lee and other children about the advantages of help each other, share and taking turn and working together. I will encourage them and repeat positive work for praise them. Continuously follow up , track and keep communication with them. I will give sufficient time for response. This kind of activities will directly help to develop their social domains. Implement the New Skills in Other Place: Encourage the children to use the acquired new skills in other activities which are suitable. For example they learned here how to express empathy with peers. This new skill they can use in every sphere of their life by modelling hug or body gesture. Involve others as Partnership: Exchange ideas, knowledge and experiences for effectiveness of the program, it is most important to include parents, staff, teacher, board members during making, setting, reviewing and implement programs. For example, involve her mother to make a decision for set up activity and review the plan, exchange her ideas and involve with committee will encourage her to contribute something better for her son-Lee   Arrange for Psychological Counselling by Specialized Professional : Lee needs psychological counselling because it will help to understand his emotional anxiety, reactions, reducing aggressive and violent behaviours and improve problem solving skills. For example,   Cognitive Therapy: It helps Lee to solve problems by finding and changing dysfunctional thinking, negative thinking, behaviour, emotion and anxiety. Behavioural Therapy : It identify the causes of dysfunctional behaviours and take necessary action to change the behaviours like aggressive action Psychoanalysis Therapy : It is a specific mind investigation technique. It is used to investigate the mind, human behaviours and treat psychological and emotional related illnesses who is Lee suffering. Build self-confidence of Lee: Individual counselling will help to build his confidence   Providing the above mentions setting and service will make Lee busy and help to remove his separation anxiety and other emotional related disorder as well as develop his social, intellectual, physical, problem solving and language skills. He will develop his self-esteem and self-confidence to work within larger group of children   Source: Class Hand Notes-Inclusion of Children with Special Needs Class hand note- Inclusion of Environment and Teaching Strategies http://voices.yahoo.com/group-activities-preschoolers-8742151.html?cat=2 ) ://www.toronto.ca/children/specialneeds/specialneeds_families.htm http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/article/ages-stages-empathy http://www.counselor.org/types-of-psychotherapy.html http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/918844-overview http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posttraumatic_stress_disorder http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/pages/ptsd-ch ( ildren-adolescents.asp http://www.cmha.ca/mental_health/post-traumatic-stress-disorder http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/talk/ptsd.html#
  • Meeting within the Setting for his Mother   1. Information for the Family: Childcare Fee Subsidy : Low income family are allowed to get childcare fee subsidy. It will very helpful for his mother to get details information to get the facilities. For example, provide application process for subsidy, location and address of the office for childcare fee subsidy. Specialized Nursery School: There are specialized nursery schools for the children with special needs in Toronto. His family needs this information for Lee. Social Welfare Support : Financial assistant is available in Toronto who does not have sufficient income. The family of Lee are facing financial problem. Provide his mother about the illegibility and process of application for social welfare support and address and contact name of person. Welfare Housing : There is opportunity in Toronto to get subsidized house that have low income. Prove them application process and address of the office of Toronto Community Housing. 2. Educating and Counselling : The mom and aunt of Lee are separated from their husbands. They were not in good shape due to surrounding situation and they did have enough knowledge to overcome the situation. So they need education and counselling to overcome the situation. For example arrange for Individual and Family Counselling by specialized professional 3. Improve Language and Communication Skills: The mom and aunt of Lee did not have enough English knowledge for smoothly communication. It is most necessary to express their views and get a job. 4. Provide Information about Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: His mother does know about the demerits and consequence results of the problem of his son. Providing information and pamphlet about the issue will update her know and she will more careful for her son. 5. Respect and Cooperation: It is importance to show to her empathy, cooperation and time to time advice to keep up her mental supports about her son as well as family. For example, respect her culture, receive her cordially and provide advice with respect. 6. Keep Update about her son: Regularly inform her about the progress of her son-Lee will reduce her mental stress. 7. Community Based Programmes: Involvement with community based program will help: Connect to other families in their communities Social network for children and parents Informal parent education Resource for Family Healthy child development Social workers and service agencies help the child-Lee and families of Lee to introduce and involve with different activities of their communities. So that they could make many friends and participating in activities they could enjoy their life. Social participation will help them to reduce their emotional anxieties and could build up social relationship   8. Provide a list of Agencies who are services for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and other necessary Support for his Family: There are many agencies working in Toronto to help and services to children and families who need special supports and services. For example -Child Development Institute, Aisling Discoveries, Community Living Toronto and City of Toronto Children’s Services, Community Living Toronto and so on.       Sources: http://www.toronto.ca/children/specialneeds/inclusive_cc.htm http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/pages/ptsd-children-adolescents.asp http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/talk/ptsd.html#        
  • Principles of Inclusion ● Included Everyone: All children will get opportunities to attend childcare all programs ● Naturally Occurring Proportions : Children with special needs are include in the programs according to ratio of their number and the number of typical children ● Same Range of Options: Children with special needs are include in all aspects of the childcare day (longer daycare days, home-based or school-age care) ● Full Participation: Children with special need get the necessary supports from childcare. So that they can participate in all activities with typical children   ● Parent Participation: Parents of all level get the opportunity to involve with activities   ● Valued Cultural Diversity : Involve everyone in activities create an opportunity to make friendship, accept and respect cultural diversity. ● Advocacy : Staff and parents promote “inclusive, accessible, affordable, quality childcare” for all-at the centre, in the community and as public policy.   Benefits of Inclusion: Positive outcomes Grow interest to participate in activities Feeling a sense of belonging Making friendship Accept and respect diversity Superior social skills development Healthy child development Parental labour market information and training Develop social network for children and parent Making everyone happy Who Benefits Child with special needs -Lee Typical children Parent of the child of Lee Parents of the typical children Early childhood educator and other staff Society     As a result our society, country as well as the world will be benefited as a whole. Source : 1. Class hand Note –part one-Inclusion of children with special needs 2. http://occupationaltherapy.dal.ca/Files/LunchandLearn_Inclusion_with_graphics.pdf
  • Child Development Institute- Service Agency Head Office 197 Euclid Ave, Toronto, ON M6J 2J8 Tel: 416-603-1827,Fax: 416-603-6655 Mission: Assist and support for the healthy development of children as well as work for enhance and establish the families and communities Vision: Work continuously for innovation and excellence in child development services and research by working with others who believe their values.   Population they serve: C hildren and families living in Toronto. Programs are offered in several locations in Toronto.      Cost of the Service: No direct cost to clients with the exception of child care services (Subsidy may be available). Services of Child Development Institute Early Intervention Program: Target : Children of Kindergarten level with special needs Area of Services: Social –Sharing and taking turn difficulties Emotional- Aggressive behaviours Self-esteem and anxiety –insecure, afraid and sad Developmental-communication problems, cognitive delay     Program Planners : Parents, Child workers, school staff and community work together.   Program Structured : Small group “Play and learn” activities during school hours.   Results: Build confidence to deal more effectively with challenges in play ground, home and classroom. Cost:   No cost to parents.  Funding is provided by Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services, Child and Youth Services, and Ministry of Education.     Referral Process: Referrals from parents, schools, child care centres, child welfare agencies and other community sources are accepted year-round.       Speech and Language Services Child Development Institute staff works as part of the broader Toronto Speech and Language network of services for young children.   Intensive Services: Counselling to Families with their Children: Family Therapy/Parent Counselling /Parent-Child Counselling: The agency provides counselling based on family or child needs. Families are directly involved planning and making decision about the services. The agency accepts the opinions, views of the families and respects the cultural and spiritual beliefs in setting program and developing strategies to achieve the goals. Participants may include: Families with children experiencing social, emotional and behaviour difficulties Families with children who may be experiencing a significant transition in their lives Children and parents who are willing to explore themes and issues related concern Families who have, or may experience, obstacles in accessing mental health services.   The agency is offered individual and group program depend on the needs and interest.   Cost: Services are free and confidential.   Referrals: Child and Family Clinicians and a Community Child Worker. Self or professional or community referrals are accepted.   Family and Community Counselling Area : Social, emotional, behavioural and developmental issues of families of young children Services: Family therapy, parent counselling, parent-child interaction, Individual play therapy, behaviour management and parenting. These kinds of therapies help parent understand the reasons of difficulties of her child. Parents develop helpful skills to cope with and changing the situation of her family and parenting style to work more successfully with child, daycare and school. They also learn to connect with helpful community resources. Parent’s opinions and beliefs are accepted and respected in setting goals and involved in making decision in all aspects of service planning.   Cost: Services are provided at no cost to parents.  (Funding is provided by the Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services and Ministry of Child and Youth Services.) Referrals :   Referrals are accepted from parents, schools, doctors, daycares and other community sources.    Consultations Program for Child with Special Needs in Child Care: The child support workers of Child Development Institute work as consultant at the childcare of city of Toronto This program promotes inclusions and supports for children with special needs ● Individual child consultation: Assessing the needs of child, developing action plan as per needs of the identified child that will meet the goal and able to do within the childcare centre. Childcare staff and parents are sharing their ideas and knowledge to make plan and achieve the goal. ● The program is involved with educating, training and support to staff and parents Referrals: Individual child care centre with the consent of the parent.   Intensive Resource Consultation in Child Care: Consultant : Community Child Workers Target People : Childcare Staffs and Parents Area of Consultation: Significant social, emotional or behavioural difficulties Teaching Methods : Role-Modeling and Coaching the childcare staff to develop their skills to work with children who needs more intensive care. Program Planner : Consultants, childcare staff and parents work together to make the program. Concentration of Plan: Needs, situation for adaptation as well as changing teaching strategies. Duration: 3 month program   Referrals: The Resource Consultant, in collaboration with the childcare centre and parents.   Intensive Community and Home Services (ICHS):   Treatment Planners: ICHS staff and family members jointly. Area of Services: Anger Management, Self-control and problem solving , Social Skills development, parenting, connecting with community resources Cognitive-behavioural therapy, Program Components: Each family is assigned a ICHS staff who works with them in the following ways: Home and Community: Home-based support and coaching ( weekly parent and child counselling) Building connections and use of community resources  Collaboration with schools to support student success Advocacy and community support At Child Development Institute Facility: Weekly parent and child groups counselling Access to family and individual counselling Weekday summer activity program   Duration: As long as need but average 6-12 months.     Treatment: Social skills development, Anger management and Cognitive-Behavioural Therapy   Results: Positive long term outcomes     Cost: No cost to clients. Funding is provided by the Ontario Ministry of Community and Social Services and the Ministry of Child and Youth Services.    REFERRAL: School social workers, teachers, children’s aid societies or other agencies and all referrals are processed through Centralized Access to Residential Services (CARS).      Source: http://www.childdevelop.ca/site/PageServer?pagename=home      
  •   Agency: Aisling Discoveries   325 Milner Avenue, Suite: 110 Scarborough, ON Canada, M1B 5N1 Tel: 416-321-5464, Fax: 416-321-1510   Service Locations: ▪ Main Office ▪ Highland Heights Jr. Public School ▪ Holy Name Catholic School ▪ Vradenburg Jr. Public School ▪ Regional Links-Children Mental Health Ontario Mission : Promote social, emotional and developmental well-being of children by services in partnership with families and communities Vision: Help to explore the potentiality of all children in community Values: Partnership : Work with parents and communities for healthy development of children. Respect Diversity : Cordially accept and respect the diversity and build good relationship Innovation: Create and generate new ideas Values the Capabilities : Respect and accept the knowledge and experiences of parents, communities and staffs Accountability: Committed for quality services   Area of Services : East York, Scarborough and some area of Toronto Cost: No cost to the clients Referrals : Not mentioned but Contact: 416-321-5464   Services: Behavioral (emotional, social) Management Special Program for Children and Parents for Separation, Divorce and Anxiety related disorder Childcare Consultation Family Counseling Individual Counseling with Children Individual and Group Counseling Working Together for Healthy Development of Children and Family Intensive Child and Family Service Speech and Language Services Residential Treatment School based Services Help to connect with other Agencies as per needs for best fit of Child and Families Source: http://www.aislingdiscoveries.on.ca/     http://www.aislingdiscoveries.on.ca/who_we_are/intro
  • City of Toronto-Toronto Children’s Services (Special Service Unit)     Toronto Children’s Services are working in partnership with community agencies. They provide extra supports to licensed childcare program to ensure the successful inclusion of children.   The agency has 29 Resource Educators. They provide enhanced services to children, their families, staffs and in licensed childcare programs.     Services:   ● Visits and monitor the program regularly ● Early identification and intervention ● Individual Consultation ● Program Consultation ● Community and program training ● Program adaptations ● Staff, provider and parent training ● Service coordination and referral   Monitoring and Supervising the Programs: There are 4 Resources Supervisors. They directly visit, monitor, control and update the program progress. For more information contact the following number.   Toronto East: 416-338-75, West: 416-392-6176, North: 416-392-4349, South: 416-392-5865   Cost: All services are offered free of charge.   Referrals: Information are available with Supervisor.   Source: http://www.toronto.ca/children/specialneeds/pdf/eveychildinsert.pdf                    Community Living Toronto 20 Spadina Road Toronto, ON 416-968-0650   Mission: Change the lives of people with an intellectual disability by giving a voice and supporting their choices.   Vision: Provide a full range of personalized supports and services to people and families.   Main Values: ● Supporting Staff, Individual and Families ● Develop Leadership Skills ● Work through collaboration of families, staff and communities ● Making choice and supporting for achieve the goals. ● Respect the diversity     Services: Early Childhood Consultation and Intensive Resource Support Work with families, professionals and the community to develop, monitor and evaluate a plan that is based on each child’s strengths and support needs for both home and community programs by linking with groups, childcare and school to ensure consistency of programming. Providing access to specialized supports, such as Occupational Therapy and Behaviour Management Consultation Provide Training staff and other resources Developing, implementing and monitoring individual teaching plans Teaching community staff to use individualized and class-wide teaching strategies Providing workshops and training to early childhood staff and other community groups   Support Education: Provide individual education plans as per need of individual children     Planning program as per individual interest and ability             Provide Job Placement Services: Provide job market information, training, coaching and develop interview skills     Provide Person-Directed Plan: Introduce person directed plan for children, families and staff for their improvement.   Help to Build Social Network: They support for connecting with communities to make friends, community partners, share ideas and knowledge with each other. Family Support Community Living Toronto’s Family Support program facilitates the growth and development of the individual at home. Family Support workers liaise with the family to build personal supports and identify and access services, as well as community resources. They may also assist in recruiting, training, and the orientation of in-home support workers or volunteers. Home Management Home Management staff helps families of children with an intellectual disability cope with challenges by providing in-home consultation and collaboration with other professionals to plan for services. Help for Housing : The agency help by providing financial supports for housing to low income families. They also help to a house for share living and individual living Career, Vocational and Community Supports Services Provide training to individuals and group for a job. Cost : All services are free of cost for clients   Source :http://cltoronto.ca/supports-and-services/skills-development/
  • Bibliography: Class hand note-Inclusion of Children with Special Needs, Environment, Teaching Strategies http://www.toronto.ca/children/specialneeds/inclusive_cc.htm http://occupationaltherapy.dal.ca/Files/LunchandLearn_Inclusion_with_graphics.pdf http://www.counselor.org/types-of-psychotherapy.html http://www.toronto.ca/children/specialneeds/specialneeds_families.htm http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/article/ages-stages-empathy http://www.medicinenet.com/posttraumatic_stress_disorder/article.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posttraumatic_stress_disorder http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anxiety_disorder http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/918844-overview http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/pages/ptsd-children-adolescents.asp http://www.cmha.ca/mental_health/post-traumatic-stress-disorder http://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/talk/ptsd.html# http://www.toronto.ca/children/pdf/family_support.pdf http://www.childdevelop.ca/site/PageNavigator/programs_home.html http://www.aislingdiscoveries.on.ca/who_we_are/intro http://www.slideshare.net/ChellenTon/meeting-the-needs-of-children-and-families http://cltoronto.ca/supports-and-services/skills-development/ http://www.toronto.ca/children/specialneeds/pdf/eveychildinsert.pdf http://connectability.ca
  • Special needs for children and families

    1. 1. Assignment: Meeting the Needs ofChildren and Families-Part-1Course Coordinator: Prof. Chris Cadieux● Prepared by:Begum AfrozaStudent ID: 300509288ECEP-233, Section: 062Centennial CollegeMarch 16, 2013
    2. 2. ABOUT LEE’S FAMILYLived in Refugee Camp in BosniaNew Comer in CanadaBroken FamilyDifferent Cultural BackgroundLack of Communication SkillsLack of Financial SupportSeparation & Emotional AnxietyDevelopmental Domains DelayBehavioral Issue(Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder) of Lee
    3. 3. Post-Traumatic Stress DisorderEmotionalPsychological andAnxiety-Related illness
    4. 4. Reasons ofPost-Traumatic Stress DisorderAdverse Environment of the FamilyLack of Social StatusSeparation of Beloved Father & UnclePoverty of the FamilyLack of Language SkillSense of InsecurityLong Lasting Psychological Anxiety
    5. 5. Needs of the Child-Lee and FamilyQuality & Flexible Childcare Facility▪ Suitable Environment ▪ Parents, Staff and Community Partnership▪Enough Opportunity for Suitable Activities ▪ Appropriate Teaching Strategies▪ CounsellingInformation for the Family▪ Childcare Fee Subsidy ▪ Subsidise Housing▪ Social Welfare for financial support ▪ Community Involvement▪ Workshop and providing Information for Post –Traumatic Stress DisorderAppropriate Service Agencies and Community for:▪ Child Counselling ▪ Educating &Counselling to Parents▪ Improvement of English Language and Communication Skill▪ Community based Family Supports Programs▪ Provides Therapies to Lee as per Needs▪ Connecting with other service agencies in case of need
    6. 6. Meeting the Needs within Setting for LeeInclusion of Quality Childcare Program● Modify the Environment:▪ Layout Properly ▪ Ensure Safety ▪ A variety of age and gender appropriateactivities and materials. ▪ Level Bins with picture▪ Level each area with picture ▪ Trained and professional teacher● Modify Teaching Techniques:▪ Select & setup age & gender appropriate group activities and materials▪ Break down the task into smaller steps ▪ Visually showing and modelling▪ Introduce the zone of proximal development techniques of Lev Vygotsky▪ Building Confidence ▪ Provide new activities for more practice▪ Motivate and Reinforce ▪ Talk to Lee and keep track▪ Teach to implement the new skills in new place ▪ Involve others as PartnershipArrange for Psychological Counselling by Specialized Professional▪ Cognitive Therapy ▪ Behavioural Therapy ▪ Psycho-analysis Therapy► Finally build up Confidence of Lee to work in Large Group
    7. 7. Meeting the Needs within Setting for Family (Mother)Information for Family:▪ Childcare Fee Subsidy ▪ Specialized Nursery School ▪ Social WelfareSupport▪ Subsidize HousingEducating and CounsellingGuidance for Language and Communication ImprovementProvide Information about Post-Traumatic Stress DisorderRespect and Cooperation Time to TimeKeep her Up –to- date about the Progress of her Son-LeeInvolvement with Community based ProgramsProvide a List of Agencies with details information who are servicesto Children with special needs (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
    8. 8. InclusionPrinciples of Inclusion:▪ Included Everyone ▪ Naturally Occurring Proportions▪ Identical Option ▪ Full Participation ▪ Parent Participation▪ Valued Diversity ▪ AdvocacyBenefits of Inclusion:▪ Positive outcomes ▪ Grow Interest ▪ Feeling a sense of belonging▪ Develop Friendship ▪ Superior Social Skills Development▪ Respect Diversity ▪ Healthy Child Development▪ Parent Labour Market Information and Training▪ Develop Social Network for Children and Parent▪ Make Everyone Happy as well as Community & CountryWho will Benefits:▪ Child with Special Needs- Lee ▪ Typical Children▪ Parent of the Child-Lee ▪ Parents of Typical Children▪ ECE and Childcare Specialist ▪ Society ▪ Country
    9. 9. Child Development Institute, TorontoMission: Healthy Development of Children & FamiliesVision: Innovate and excellent work in child development servicesArea of Services: Children & Families Living TorontoCost: No Cost to ParentsReferrals: Parents, schools, child care centres, child welfare agencies andother community sources are accepted year-round.Services:▪ Early Intervention Program ▪ Speech & Language Services▪ Parents-Child Counseling ▪ Family & Community Counseling▪ Consultations Program for Child with Special Needs in Childcare▪ Intensive Resource Consultation in Childcare▪ Intensive Community and Home Services (ICHS)▪ Connecting with Communities and other Agencies as per NeedsSource: http://www.childdevelop.ca/site/PageServer?pagename=home
    10. 10. Aisling Discoveries- Child and Family CentreMission: Promote Developmental Well-being by Services with FamiliesVision: Help to Explore the Potentiality of all ChildrenValues: ▪Partnership ▪ Diversity ▪ Capabilities & ExperiencesArea of Services: East York, Scarborough & some other area of TorontoCost: Free of CostReferrals: Not mentioned but contact Tel: 416-321-5464 for an appointmentServices:▪ Behaviour (Social, Emotional) Management of Children▪ Specialized program for separation, divorce and anxiety related disorder▪ Childcare Consultation ▪ Day Treatment ▪ Parenting ▪ Family Counselling▪ Individual & Group Counselling ▪ Community Support▪ Residential Treatment ▪Growing Healthy Together▪ Intensive Child and Family Service ▪ Speech & Language Services▪ Help to get linked up with other agencies are the best fit for Child & FamiliesSource: website: http://www.aislingdiscoveries.on.ca/
    11. 11. City of Toronto-Toronto Children’s ServicesServices:● Supervise the program regularly ● Early identification and intervention● Individual Consultation ● Program Consultation● Community and program training ● Program adaptations● Staff, provider and parent training ● Service coordination and referralCost : All services are offered free of charge.Website: http://www.toronto.ca/children/specialneeds/pdf/eveychildinsert.pdfCommunity Living TorontoServices:● Working with Community Partners ● Early Childhood Consultation● Occupational Therapy ● Behaviour Management Consultation● Training for Staff and other Resources ● Person Directed Plan● Education and Program as per need of Individual● Job Placement ● Develop Social Network ● Family & Home Management● Help for Housing ● Career, Vocational and Community Supports ServicesCost: Free of CostWebsite: http://cltoronto.ca/supports-and-services/skills-development/
    12. 12. BibliographyClass hand note-Inclusion of Children with Special Needs, Environment, TeachingStrategieshttp://www.toronto.ca/children/specialneeds/inclusive_cc.htmhttp://occupationaltherapy.dal.ca/Files/LunchandLearn_Inclusion_with_graphics.pdfhttp://www.counselor.org/types-of-psychotherapy.htmlhttp://www.toronto.ca/children/specialneeds/specialneeds_families.htmhttp://www.scholastic.com/teachers/article/ages-stages-empathyhttp://www.medicinenet.com/posttraumatic_stress_disorder/article.htmhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posttraumatic_stress_disorderhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anxiety_disorderhttp://emedicine.medscape.com/article/918844-overviewhttp://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/pages/ptsd-children-adolescents.asphttp://www.cmha.ca/mental_health/post-traumatic-stress-disorderhttp://kidshealth.org/parent/positive/talk/ptsd.html#http://www.toronto.ca/children/pdf/family_support.pdfhttp://www.childdevelop.ca/site/PageNavigator/programs_home.htmlhttp://www.aislingdiscoveries.on.ca/who_we_are/introhttp://www.slideshare.net/ChellenTon/meeting-the-needs-of-children-and-familieshttp://cltoronto.ca/supports-and-services/skills-development/http://www.toronto.ca/children/specialneeds/pdf/eveychildinsert.pdfhttp://connectability.ca