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Sc’s secession from the union8 4.3


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Sc’s secession from the union8 4.3

  1. 1.  Missouri applies for statehood (1st time a state had been admitted since the Louisiana Purchase)  Upset the balance of free & slave state votes in Senate  Compromise was reached- Missouri was admitted as a slave state, Main as free  What was the result of the Missouri Compromise? (2:19)
  2. 2.  What is a protective tariff?  Benefited new industries in the North  In SC, it raised the price of manufactured goods SC bought from the north & Britain  Vice President John C. Calhoun- “South Carolina Exposition and Protest”
  3. 3.  Calhoun claimed it was a state’s right to declare such a law unconstitutional and nullify it thought a special state convention  Nullifiers vs Unionists  Calhoun resigned as VP & took a position in the Senate where his voice was strong  President Andrew Jackson & the Force Bill (1:19)
  4. 4.  The theory of secession, as an alternative to mere nullification of laws, allowed states to leave the United States if thy believed that their rights were being infringed upon.  Under this compact theory- states were more powerful than the federal union  Both theories would be disproven by the civil war
  5. 5.  The California Territory became part of the US through the treaty that ended the Mexican War.  1849 Gold Rush  Californians wanted their state to e “free soil” they petitioned to enter as a free state  Resulted in the Compromise of 1850
  6. 6.  California is a free state  Outlawed slave trade in Washington DC  The rest of the Mexican Cession would decide if they were free/slave by a vote by the residents (popular sovereignty)  Fugitive Slave Law › “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” by Harriet Beecher Stowe (5:26)
  7. 7.  Located in the northern part of the Louisiana Territory  Missouri Compromise states it could not be a slave state  Politicians wanted a railroad to go through Kansas, but needed southern support  Repealed the 36 degree 30” line of the Missouri Compromise  Popular sovereignty for new states  “Bleeding Kansas” John Brown and bleeding Kansas Documentary (8:59)
  8. 8. (5:47) • Supreme Court attempt to end the controversy over the role of free states in determining g the status of the enslaved •“Once free, always free” •Constitution protects the owner of property from having the government take that property away •Also ruled that the Congress could not pass measures limiting the expansion of slavery in the territories •John Brown & Harper’s Ferry
  9. 9.  Republican Abraham Lincoln campaigned on a platform of “free soil”  Lincoln was not an abolitionist in 1860  After his election, SC called a special convention and signed Articles of Secession › Claimed the rights of South Carolinians had not been & would not be protected by the federal government… 6 other states seceded soon after Video (2:29)