Sc disagreements post revolutionary war 8 3.1


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Sc disagreements post revolutionary war 8 3.1

  1. 1.  Backcountry vs Lowcountry/ Loyalists vs Patriots in the Revolutionary War  After the Revolutionary War the Backcountry was now called the upcountry  Tensions between the two areas were due to the economic differences
  2. 2.  Most Upcountry people were sustenance farmers & only a few own slaves  They didn’t have large plantations & most people worked their farms without the assistance of slave labor  Lowcountry depended on slave labor for their economic well-being  Both groups suffered economically as a result of the war
  3. 3. Ravaged countryside, slaves & livestock Goods were taken by the British The economy was slow to improve after the war…
  4. 4.  Lowcountry Plantation owners had received economic subsides by Britain for cash crops… after the war  South Carolina as a part of the new independent United States turned against the planters  Planters owed money to creditors in Britain that now couldn’t pay (US Govnt also couldn’t pay for goods commandeered during war)  Poor crop yields also made it hard to recover
  5. 5.  Economic problems would persist until 1800’s when cotton was introduced as the new cash crop How inventions change history for better & for worse (5:14)
  6. 6.  Lowcountry elite had little respect for other South Carolinians & had the majority of representation in government  White population differences  Charleston was the capital of SC and all legal business was done there  In 1785, county & country courts were created to help ease upcountry travel to hear a legal matter
  7. 7.  The newly established city of Columbia was located in the middle of the state and deemed assessable by all  The capital was moved there in 1776  This moved helped ease tensions between the two areas  But, the Lowcountry still maintained a majority in the state legislature Meet Columbia (2:27)
  8. 8.  The Lowcountry resisted giving the up the majority because they feared the Upcountry would not support slavery  The invention of the cotton gin made cotton a viable cash crop in the Upcountry, resulting in the need for slaves there too  As more save labor was needed and used in the Upcountry the legislative balance became more equal between the to areas
  9. 9.  Legislature agreed to reappointment  SC Representation was to be based equally on white population and the amount of taxable property (including slaves)  Resulting in those areas with higher concentrations of slaves still having more representation, but now both areas had their share of slaves and political power