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Helping YourChildren To  Succeed               1
Home School CurriculumHome schooling allows the parent and child to pick from threedifferent approaches to teaching. Most ...
on task with other children his/her age, but if the child is learningand understanding new subjects everyday.Home Schoolin...
Home Schooling Nine to Twelve Year OldsWhen home schooling a child between nine and twelve years old,there is a lot of pre...
Home Schooling Six to Eight Year OldsWhether a child has been to an institutionalized school or has beenhome schooled fore...
activity, each subject can be incorporated easily.      A purchasedcurriculum is not necessary, learning is inevitable.Hom...
most home schooled students do not stick to a boring, limitedtextbook curriculum.Home Schooling Teenagers: Preparing For C...
Home Schooling Teenagers: What to expectHome schooling a teenager is much different than home schooling ayounger child. Te...
Home Schooling Three to Five Year OldsParents who decide to home school their pre-school children haveresearched the value...
Home schooling is legal in every state in the United States. Eachstate has its own guidelines for home schooling. There ar...
world of ideas. The child is either sensing, which means the childacquires information from the senses (concrete and prese...
Public schools have no tuition and do not charge for books, butparents must pay for supplies. Extracurricular activities a...
children watch. This ensures that the child is being exposed to onlypositive, valuable lessons in life.Children who home s...
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Helping your children to succeed


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It's the hope of many parents to be able to help their children succeed in life. Here's a meaningful presentation on schooling/homeschooling and how parents can play a big part in their children's learning experience.

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Helping your children to succeed

  1. 1. Helping YourChildren To Succeed 1
  2. 2. Home School CurriculumHome schooling allows the parent and child to pick from threedifferent approaches to teaching. Most home schooled children areexposed to all three approaches at some point. In a public orprivate school, teachers always plan the curriculum with textbooks.They usually follow the textbook chapter by chapter, sometimesskipping around. Home school students are taught three ways:textbook driven instruction, theme driven instruction, and interestdriven instruction.Textbook driven instruction follows each subject chapter by chapter.It is very structured and organized, which makes this approach theeasiest for parents new to home schooling. With families of severalchildren in different grades, this type of teaching is more difficultbecause it is more time consuming. There is not much flexibility inlearning topics or variety; it is more like traditional teaching. Thistype of teaching focuses on drills and rote memory, instead ofunderstanding. If your child enjoys following a workbook andmemorizing details and facts or is task oriented and has a longattention span, this is the approach for him/her.On the other hand, if your child has an inquisitive nature about theworld around him/her and asks a lot of “why” questions with plentyof imagination and creativity maybe an interest driven approach willsuit him/her better. This approach is for those students thatdespise structure and routine and prefer variety and spontaneity.Although this approach requires little to no academic planning, it isdifficult to document. The child learns naturally and immediatelyand chooses what they want to learn in a curious way. The childliterally becomes an expert in the topics they prefer byincorporating their entire environment as a learning experience.The theme driven approach focuses on topics and how subjectsaffect people and life. Planning a curriculum can take more timeand requires creativity. This approach is the easiest with a group ofchildren of varying ages. Subjects are integrated in a real life way.For instance, if you are learning about China, the older students canlearn the language and history of the country while the youngerstudents can learn the culture, music, and geography.All three approaches to teaching are often incorporated when homeschooling. A child’s individuality and curiosity for learning oftentakes over and parents can adjust their curriculum. The mainconcern that a parent should have is not whether or not the child is 2
  3. 3. on task with other children his/her age, but if the child is learningand understanding new subjects everyday.Home Schooling and SocializationWhen parents talk about home schooling their children, the mostcommon concern is regarding socialization. Parents are concernedthat their children will not learn how to adapt to social situations.Unless the home schooling parent decides to isolate their childrencompletely from the outside world, this is impossible. In fact,children who are home schooled have more interaction with peopleof all ages, not just their age group. The average home schooledchild attends more educational field trips during the year than thenon home schooled child. In addition, home schooled children havemore opportunities for after school activities, such as music lessons,sports, and hobbies.Children who home school feel equally comfortable with youngerchildren, peers, and adults of all ages. Children who home schoolhave daily social interactions with the family, neighborhood and thecommunity. Because of this, studies have shown that children whohome school have higher self esteem. Children who attend schooldo not experience real world situations, while home schoolers aredefinitely more prepared for the real world.The type of socialization that is experienced in schools is oftennegative. Large school settings harbor conformity, teasing,bullying, defiant behavior, popularity contests, and competition. Nowonder home schooled children have higher self esteem; children athome are learning kindness, patience, sharing, respect, andunderstanding. These home schooled children are not exposed topeer influences which foster peer dependency. Peer dependantchildren show diminished positive socialization, such as self-worth,confidence, reverence for their parents, and trust in peers.Although home school children may play with other children in theneighborhood and experience this peer dependence, strong moralsand values are being taught at home that override these negativeexperiences.Home schooled children learn to listen to their own instincts and letthat guide them to make their own decisions. Conforming to a peersocial group that does not value individuality does not fosterindependent thinking, which is necessary for a successful life. 3
  4. 4. Home Schooling Nine to Twelve Year OldsWhen home schooling a child between nine and twelve years old,there is a lot of pressure for peer pressure. Keep in mind that notall children undergo this pressure to be with and like their peers,while distancing themselves from their parents. These preteens stillneed plenty of attention, eye contact, positive reinforcement andpraise, personal communication, and good interaction with theirparents. Believe it or not, children at this age do still enjoy beingread to. Keep having positive attitudes toward learning; focus onmaking learning interesting and engaging. Make sure you usepositive constructive criticism with the least amount of academicpressure possible. Focus on providing a safe, secure learningenvironment that encourages love, acceptance and reassurance.This will, in time, raise their feelings of self worth and help themunderstand where their values lie.At this tender age of hormones, mixed emotions, changing feelings,group planning in curriculum is suggested. Preteens prefer learningskills that have a reason or purpose in real life. For instance,instead of offering busy work in language arts, ask your child towrite a letter to a manufacturing company in regards to a defectivehousehold product for you. Not only would this make the child feelimportant but the learning task would be a skill much needed in reallife. When learning math, use real life examples with money andbudgeting, perhaps even balancing a checkbook. Use graphs andcharts to set goals with earned money and savings. Reading aboutscience from a textbook is one way to learn the subject, butperforming experiments or identifying specimens in nature is muchmore engaging. Daily and weekly chores are necessary to learnresponsibility and accountability as an integral part of the family.Remember to always model what you want to teach. Learn newtopics together. Dissect a grasshopper for science, work on thefamily budget together, etc. Home schooling allows parents todesign a curriculum that benefits their children. Find out whereyour preteen has strengths and weaknesses and plan yourcurriculum around that. 4
  5. 5. Home Schooling Six to Eight Year OldsWhether a child has been to an institutionalized school or has beenhome schooled forever, many six to eight year olds enjoy learning.As a parent, understanding how your child learns, whichtemperament is their strongest, and what type of intelligence theyexcel in will greatly assist in the teaching/learning process. Six toeight year olds learn best when they are having fun. Reading to thechild is essential to their learning experience. Read about a varietyof subjects, such as animals, mystery, history, fantasy, classics, andadventures. Visit the library often and see what they offer. Someoffer reading and art classes or other activities. Purchasing aphonics book will dramatically help your child to understand howwords are phonetically read out loud.Another lesson for this age group is writing skills. Although thechild may have difficulty writing, they certainly can talk up a storm.Scribing for your child as they tell a story is a great way for them tosee it written down. Have them draw pictures by the words thatyou have written for them. Narration is also a great tool to learninglanguage skills. Read to your child and have them repeat in theirown words what the story was about. Remember to keep all theselessons fun and stress free. Children learn at their own pace aslong as there is daily practice there is nothing to worry about.When working with arithmetic, try to incorporate a lot of real lifesituations, such as cooking, or trips to the grocery store, etc.Science is another subject that is learned best in its natural setting.Read about snakes and then go to a zoo to see some. Name all theanimals at the zoo and then write about it later. See how manydifferent birds are outside your home and try to name them. Thehands on approach is often the easiest way to learn. Walk on thebeach and name all the animals, hike in the mountains and noticethe different landscapes, collect specimens, notice changingseasons, the world is a learning experience.In addition, parents want to teach their children responsibility andaccountability with household chores. This is an excellent way forchild to learn that they are capable and that they are needed in thefamily.Overall, children in this age group enjoy combining research withcreative projects, such as crafts, costumes, foods, reports, placesetting, home decorations, music, and imagination play. With every 5
  6. 6. activity, each subject can be incorporated easily. A purchasedcurriculum is not necessary, learning is inevitable.Home schooling Teenagers: CurriculumWhen designing a curriculum for home schooled teenagers, parentscooperate with their teens and plan the school year together. Someparents prefer the traditional, text book driven curriculum,especially during the high school years because it opens up optionsfor diplomas and college preparatory courses. A structuredcurriculum is not the only way to earn a diploma when homeschooling. Other parents and teenagers prefer the interest drivencurriculum, where teenagers are motivated to learn interestingsubjects and apply it to the curriculum.For college admissions, there are core courses that should be taken.English, math, science, and social studies should be worked on eachyear. Health, language, and fine arts are another batch of classesthat should be included each academic year. This ensures a wellrounded individual who has learned the essentials for the age level.Parents should not be discouraged to pursue the interest drivenapproach while still completing the same college preparatory highschool curriculum. Reading and writing is an essential part tocommunication, which is vital in society. Most homeschoolers readplenty of books and visit the library often; on average, home schoolstudents read many more books than the institutionalized student.After each book, the student writes an essay, and spelling lists arederived from misspelled words.When it comes to math, home schoolers use real life mathproblems, such as consumer math, statistics, gaming andprobability, recreational math, mental math, math history, andespecially bookkeeping. Some students use math programs on thecomputer or Internet. With math, the repetitive practicing ofproblems is the only way to learn.Science can be found anywhere, without a formal lab. Homeschoolers visit hospitals, rivers, volcanoes (if they are lucky!), andany work place. Many attend camps and field trips and learnbiology, botany and astronomy. When home schooling, studentsare open to so many more fields of interest such as: meteorology,paleontology, nutrition, health, equine science, herpetology, naturestudies, engineering, physiology, and even psychology. This is why 6
  7. 7. most home schooled students do not stick to a boring, limitedtextbook curriculum.Home Schooling Teenagers: Preparing For CollegeMost of the high school years are spent preparing for college anddiscovering passions for future careers. This is a time when mosthome schoolers do not follow a textbook driven curriculum. Mosthome schoolers learn by interest driven curriculum and somestudents even become experts in their field.There are diploma programs for home schoolers, which areequivalent to an institutionalized curriculum. But that is not theonly option to provide learning. Many home schooled teens useselected correspondence courses in specific areas of interest, ortake classes at community colleges, or use community educationprograms, home school cooperatives, or online classes on theInternet. Students have the opportunity to pursue what they enjoy,which usually involves extra training with a mentor or tutor, orspecial courses. There are advance placement courses online or bymail, county immediate school district programs, or private classes,the learning options are endless.Teenagers should really focus their energies on schoolwork,excellent grades (and grade point average) and the direction theywish to take for a career. If a student is interested in pursuing acollege degree, he/she should practice and prepare to take PSAT,SAT, and ACT. Some home schooled students get college creditsfor taking CLEP (College Level Examination Program) courses.Colleges are seeking students who are well rounded, who have adesire to learn and be a part of the community, and who excel intextbook studies.Parents who home school their teenagers cannot teach themeverything they are interested in learning. For instance, a studentwho is passionate about flying and aviation probably doesn’t haveparents who are experts in this field. Mentorships, apprenticeships,and on the job training are necessary to better learn a skill or tradethat is not found only in a textbook. Experience is more valuablethan textbook memorization of subjects. 7
  8. 8. Home Schooling Teenagers: What to expectHome schooling a teenager is much different than home schooling ayounger child. Teenagers usually know what they enjoy learningabout and have a goal in mind about what they would like to do asa career. Home school is a great way to enhance and explorespecific areas of expertise. Teenagers usually plan out their owncurriculum and document their own record keeping, which teachesaccountability. Most teens are capable of self study and selfmonitoring; they usually know where their strengths andweaknesses lie.Teenagers should be making decisions on what they plan to do afterschool. They may plan on going to college, military, communitycollege, or maybe something else. College is just one option.Interest, passions, hobbies, past times can all be turned into acareer. A parent should research career options with your teenagerby their gut feelings and instincts and nothing else. Do not letanything else get in the way of an intense passion that your childholds. Even if it is something you think will not make enoughincome, it is a passion. When someone does what they love,money comes.This is a time during home school years that a parent may wonder ifthey can keep their children at home. Parents need to find outabout diploma options. Some home schooled teenagers receive aGED, which stands for general education development, and isequivalent to a high school diploma. Parents may also researchabout college preparatory curriculums and classes that maysupplement their home studies.During these teenage years, it is crucial to include the student in asmany extracurricular activities as possible. Some activities mayinclude: sports, working in a family business, self-employment,tutoring, community memberships, local arts productions, etc.Keep good documentation of awards, essays, interviews, andrecommendations for future college requirements. 8
  9. 9. Home Schooling Three to Five Year OldsParents who decide to home school their pre-school children haveresearched the value of teaching your own children at home.Beginning home school at the pre-school age is an excellent way toget the parent and the child used to the idea of learning at home.This is also a great way to ease into learning how to teach andorganize the home school schedule. The child is not used toattending a school; therefore there is no adjustment period. Also,pre-school children are incredibly easy to teach because it is mostlyin playing that they learn.When creating a tailored preschool curriculum, parents provide asafe environment with interactive toys. Believe it or not, the parentis the child’s first teacher. Children at this age imitate everythingtheir parents do by observation, playing, helping, talking, andlistening. Reading to children at this age is one of the best ways todevelop avid readers. At this age, a standardized curriculum isn’tnecessary. Children learn from coloring, cutting, pasting, counting,singing, rhymes, games, playing with clay, playing in theplayground, and learning to get along with others. It is importantto include some of these activities daily in an unstressed, relaxedmanner. Children at this age need your love and attention morethan they need academics and structure.The key to learning at this age is to provide a lot of hands onprojects, particularly with arts and crafts. Many children in this agegroup have play dates where they meet with other children and goto parks, farms, even shopping trips. Pre-schoolers love to beincluded in everything you do, whether it be emptying thedishwasher, or sorting mail, and especially baking. Even though itmay seem that their short attention span doesn’t allow for intenselearning, they are learning real life experiences.Legal RequirementsParents who home school do not have to have an advanced degree.There are a few qualifications of successful home school parents:love for their children, understanding of their children, desire tokeep learning and growing, desire to spend time with their children.Although it may seem awkward at first, especially if your child hasbeen in a public or private school, teaching will eventually becomesecond hand. Parents need to learn flexibility and also organizationat the same time. Open communication and a strong bond betweenparent and child is key to successful home schooling. 9
  10. 10. Home schooling is legal in every state in the United States. Eachstate has its own guidelines for home schooling. There are alsoplenty of support groups for parents who home school. Someprivate schools offer home school support and/or curriculum. Afterschool group activities, such as sports, or science are also offeredby several different programs. Friends and family can also helpwith home education. Sometimes there are co-op home schoolgroups, where one person teaches math and another parentteaches history.There are also support groups for parents of home schoolers whofeel burned out or frustrated. There is guidance on teaching andteaching classes parents can take. Continued education helps aparent feel confident in their teaching skills. But keep in mind thatevery parent in a teacher at some point, it is unavoidable when youare a parent.Parents document the progress of their home schooled children withtesting, some are annual, and some are alternative assessments.Keeping records of your child’s daily activities and learning isessential to monitoring the child’s progress. When parents find itdifficult to teach a certain subject, they turn to private tutors, onlineclasses, CD tutorials or community college classes to supplementtheir studies.Teaching Your ChildEach child has a unique way of learning. The three learningmodalities are the sensory channels we use to obtain and processinformation. Visual learners process information best with picturesand diagrams; these children learn best seeing things. Auditorylearners learn best by listening and discussing things. Kinestheticlearners learn best with a hands on approach. Most children learnthrough all three learning modalities.Temperament theory states that all people differ in their interests,attitudes, judgments, and perceptions. This greatly affects how wewant to learn, what we want to learn, and the way we learn. Whena parent learns what their child temperament style is, they can planout how to effectively teach their child. There are fourtemperament styles: where the attention is focused, howinformation is acquired, how decisions are made, and work habitsand lifestyle. The child is either extroverted or introverted, whichmeans either focusing on outside objects, people events or inner 10
  11. 11. world of ideas. The child is either sensing, which means the childacquires information from the senses (concrete and present) orintuition, which focuses on insight, inspiration, future, andpossibility. The child either makes decisions based on logicalanalysis and cause and effect (thinking) or on personal values andthe affect on the self (feeling). Lastly, the child prefers their life tobe orderly and structured (judging) or spontaneous and flexible(perceiving).Howard Gardner, originator of multiple intelligences, defines sevenkinds of intelligence. Most children have strengths in two or threeof them and need work on the rest. One kind of intelligence isverbal/linguistic, which is speaking and reading. Another type ofintelligence is logical/mathematical, which is concepts and abstractpatterns. Another kind of intelligence is visual/special which isthinking in images, pictures, shapes, and colors. Another kind ofintelligence is musical, such as rhythm, pitch, melody and harmony.Another type of intelligence is bodily/kinesthetic, which is touch,making, and doing. And yet another type of intelligence isinterpersonal, which is relating and cooperating with people. Lastbut not least is intrapersonal, which is independence and self-motivation.Learning how your child perceives the world around him/her andlearns will allow you to maximize their intellectual strengths andteach them effectively.Home Schooling: Cost AnalysisWhen parents decide to educate their children at home, it usuallycosts much less than either a private or a public institution. Byhome schooling your child, you will save time and gas becausethere is no commuting involved. There is also less or no expensefor day care due to one parent staying home full time. In addition,clothing is inexpensive because there is no pressure to keep up withfashion trends. Home school expenses include books and supplies,which can be very reasonable, especially when you use your locallibrary. Eating meals at home is also cheaper and much healthierthan either buying meals at school or making lunches for school.Other expenses include music lessons, sport supplies, and otherfees for hobbies. Computer equipment and programs are also anextra expense. Some parents who home school also pay for privatetutoring to supplement their teaching. 11
  12. 12. Public schools have no tuition and do not charge for books, butparents must pay for supplies. Extracurricular activities also havefees associated with them, same fees as home schooling. Childrenwho attend public school can either ride the bus, which is free, orcommute to school, which can be costly with rising gas prices.Sometimes, there is a fee for computer classes in public school,depending on the school. Lunches cost more, especially whenparents do not know if their children are throwing the food away orsharing it with other children. Clothing expenses are high becauseof peer pressure and popularity. Often, parents need day care fortheir children until they are done with work.Private schools do charge tuition, which is usually $1000 to $5000per year, depending on the school. Private school also charges forbooks, but not usually supplies. Music and art lessons are usuallyincluded in tuition. Computer software is an extra fee, along withany sport supplies or after school programs. Private schools do notoffer transportation, so that is an extra expense.Overall, parents who home school spend the least amount ofmoney, while parents who private school spend the most. On theother hand, when a parent decides to home school, a full time job isusually out of the question (or very difficult to include in a dailyschedule). This means there is less income in the family.Nevertheless, the choice to home school should be based on yourchild’s ability to thrive and learn in a home setting or school setting.Why Home School Your ChildMany parents are nervous about sending their children to school,whether it is public or private. Bringing firearms to school wascompletely unheard of twenty years ago, but today it is alarminglyprobable. Therefore, parents are afraid to send their children toschool where there is violence, bullying, teasing, and possiblephysical abuse taking place. Girls are being raped in school; boysare getting beaten up, and this happens more often than you think.No wonder more children are being educated at home, there isabout a 15 percent increase each year.Another reason parents decide to home school their children is dueto religious affiliations. Many parents want to encourage religiousbeliefs and morals on a daily basis. Other parents want to keeptheir children from being exposed to inappropriate behaviors, suchas kissing, hitting, or even sex. Most parents that home schoolmonitor the types and amount of television and/or movies that their 12
  13. 13. children watch. This ensures that the child is being exposed to onlypositive, valuable lessons in life.Children who home school bond with their parents and siblings andspend plenty of time together. They build strong relationships thatcarry on through the rest of their lives. Learning together each dayis fun when you home school with your parents. There are nobullies and no one who teases just because a math problem isdifficult to understand. There are plenty of real life field trips to thepost office, grocery store, or dry cleaners. Life skills are beingtaught daily through cooking, gardening and possibly balancingcheckbooks. Home school children have more time to devote toextra curricular activities because time is saved at home. There isno commute and no waiting for the teacher to answer a question ordiscipline a misbehaved child.Most parents would agree that home school provides a strongacademic foundation that cannot be achieved in a school, whereindividualization is not possible. At home, parents can address theirchild’s specific learning needs, abilities, and pace. An interestdriven curriculum can be assigned at home, so that the child has adesire to learn what they want. In a structured school setting, allchildren follow the same textbook curriculum at the same pace,even if some children are behind or ahead of the class. Theindividualized education children receive from their parents allowsthem to reach their full learning potential with educationalachievement and personal fulfillment. More information on how to help your children to succeed in all subject areas in school/homeschool: 13