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oh, you best believe that this is lame and boring.

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  1. 1. And all the reasons to love them. COMMAS! ,
  2. 2. What is a Comma? <ul><li>ANIMAL? VEGETABLE? MINERAL???? </li></ul><ul><li>NO! It is not any of those things. </li></ul>
  3. 3. A comma (,) is a punctuation mark with literally endless uses. …or maybe just 12? Each way the comma can be used is related to marking-off separate elements within a sentence.
  4. 4. ONE : INTRODUCTORY ELMENTS <ul><li>Commas can be used after introductory elements. They can be used in a long prepositional phrase, a participle phrase, in adverbial infinitives, as a dependent clause at the beginning of a sentence, or as a mild interjection. </li></ul>
  5. 5. EXAMPLES MAKE LEARNING FUN! <ul><li>1. Once upon a time, I pretended to care about commas. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Yawning, I sat up and pretended to care about commas. </li></ul><ul><li>3. To care about commas, you must turn off a large portion of your brain. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Since you care about commas, the world is a better place for everyone. </li></ul><ul><li>5. No, I couldn't have made this presentation more boring. </li></ul>
  6. 6. TWO : INTERRUPTERS <ul><li>Commas can be used as interrupters. They can be used with parenthetical expressions. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Midterms are, in my opinion, overrated. </li></ul><ul><li>Appositives, words that rename, are another way to use commas . </li></ul><ul><li>2. Buffy Anne Summers, the Vampire Slayer, could most likely kick your ass. </li></ul><ul><li>Commas also have a place in a direct address. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Shaz, don't you love commas? </li></ul>
  7. 7. THREE : W/EXPRESSIONS OF CONTRAST <ul><li>1. I like commas, not hyphens. </li></ul><ul><li>2. I like baking cookies, not presentations. </li></ul>
  8. 8. FOUR : W/NONESSENTIAL EXAMPLES <ul><li>These will be introduced by words like, especially, particularly, such as.. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Savannah likes to do drugs, especially acid, in her spare time. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Wade likes to hear jokes, particularly funny ones, while he is in science class. </li></ul>
  9. 9. FIVE : TITLES AMPERSAND INITIALS <ul><li>Here you can use a comma to enclose a person's title or initial. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Blank McObvious, Ph.D., likes jokes even more than Wade. </li></ul>My doctorate means I’m a doctor!! LOLL
  10. 10. SIX : Dialogue and Quotations <ul><li>Mark off the spoken or quoted words from the rest of the sentence.. </li></ul><ul><li>1. Shaz said, &quot;Ansar, I'm not giving you my notes.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>2. &quot;I have no idea,&quot; said Savannah contemplatively, &quot;what a cunat peinoy is.&quot; </li></ul>
  11. 11. SEVEN : DATES & ADDRESSES FIND COMMAS TO BE QUITE USEFUL! <ul><li>As you may have noticed from every date or address you have ever seen in your life, each element is separated by a comma. </li></ul><ul><li>1. The house at ANY NUMBER DIRECTION STREETNAME, Sunnydale, CA, burned down today. </li></ul><ul><li>2. She was born on July 21st, 1991, in Sunnydale, California? I'm sorry Wade, but what you did wasn't legal. </li></ul>
  12. 12. EIGHT : USE A COMMA WITH CONTRASTING OR CONFIRMATORY ELEMENTS! <ul><li>1. Buffy slays vampires, not people. </li></ul><ul><li>2. That dumpster said NO BABIES, didn't it? </li></ul>
  13. 13. NINE : BEFORE FANBOYS WORDS.. <ul><li>...when two independent clauses are used. </li></ul><ul><li>FOR AND NOR BUT OR YET SO = FANBOYS </li></ul><ul><li><3fanfic </li></ul><ul><li>1. She dropped out of college, so she no longer had an excuse for binge drinking. </li></ul>
  14. 14. TEN : W/ NON-ESSENTIAL CLAUSES AND PHRASES <ul><li>1. Wade, while hating you, kept telling you to shut it peinoy. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Shaz, who is totally the cutest, would rather not be associated with this presentation. </li></ul>Wade and Shaz as mean and cute animals, respectively.
  15. 15. ELEVEN : A COMMA LIKES A SERIES! <ul><li>Use 'em with words, phrases or clauses. (like that) </li></ul><ul><li>1. I like cats, kittens and felines. </li></ul><ul><li>2. My favourite way to end an argument is with knives, torches, crossbows or poison darts. </li></ul>
  16. 16. TWELEVE! : BETWEEN COORDINATE ADJECTIVES <ul><li>She made a boring, confusing presentation. </li></ul>ZZZZ!!!!
  17. 17. THIRTEEN(BONUS LEVEL) <ul><li>!. There are soo many ways to use commas, my favourite is a comma splice!!!!!!!!!!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>LOLLLLO!!!^%!!@!@^!ROFL LOL!!!!111oneoneshift!!!^&!@#9034eleven </li></ul>