The roles of stakeholders in curriculum implementation
The Roles ofStakeholders in CurriculumImplementation
1. Learners2. Teachers3. Curriculum Managers and Administrators4. Parents5. Community Members6. Other Stakeholders
1. Learners the very reason a curriculum is developed the ones who are directly influenced by it make or unmake the curriculum by their active and direct involvement the primary stakeholders in the curriculum Since the learners are the primarystakeholders in the curriculum, the universalas well as the individual characteristics of the
students should be considered. Age, gender,physical, mental, emotional development,cultural background, interests, aspirationsand personal goals are some of the factorsthat should be considered in the implement-ation of any curriculum.
2. Teachers the other side of the coin in the teaching learning process his/her primary role is the planning and writing the curriculum a curriculum maker he writes a curriculum daily through a lesson plan, a unit plan or a yearly plan prepares activities for the students to do
addresses the goals, needs, interests of the learners by creating experiences where the students can learn designs, enriches and modifies the curriculum to suit learner’s characteristics as a curriculum developer, they are part of textbook committees, faculty selection boards, school evaluation committees or textbook writers themselves
3. Curriculum Managers and Administrators supervise curriculum implementation, select and recruit new teachers, admit students, procure equipment and materials needed for effective learning plan for the improvement of school facilities and physical plants have a great stake or concern about what kind of curriculum their schools offer and how these are implemented
4. Parents the best supporters of the school, especially because they are the ones paying for their child’s education the power of parents to influence curricula to include instructional materials and school activities is great, such that the success of the curricula would depend on their support
How do parents shape the curriculum andwhy they are considered as stakeholders?1. Effective parental involvement in school affairs maybe linked to parent educational programs which is central to high quality educational experiences of the children.2. The parents involvement extends from the confine of the school to the homes.3. In most schools the Parent Association is is organized.
5. Community Members success in the implementation of the curriculum requires resources the community members and materials in the existing local community can very well substitute for what is needed to implement the curriculum respected community members maybe included in school boards some can become resource speakers they can provide local and indigenous knowledge in school curriculum
6. Other Stakeholders Professional organizations have shown great influence in school curriculum they are asked by curriculum specialists to contribute in curriculum review since they have a voice in the licensure examinations, curriculum enhancement and many more often, professional organization have a better view of the industry where the graduates of the curriculum go.
Some of these organizations are those ofeach profession, like teachers’ organization,lawyers’ organization, medical doctors’association, engineers’ organization and manyothers. On the other hand, since all schools in thecountry, are under the regulation of thegovernment as provided for in the PhilippineConstitution, then the government has a greatstake in curriculum implementation.
The government is represented by the:1. Department of Education (DepEd) for basic education curricula2. Commission on Higher Education (CHED) for the tertiary and graduate education3. The Professional Regulations Commission (PRC)
The DepEd and the CHED have mandatoryand regulatory powers over the implementationof any curricula. PRC has high stake in theschool’s curricula because the graduates of thedifferent tertiary degrees must be certified asprofessionals. PRC through the ProfessionalRegulatory Boards, conducts examinations forsome degree programs like the LicensureExamination for Teachers, Accountants, Dentists,Engineers and Nurses among others while the
ssSupreme Court has a professional barexamination to certify lawyers and the PhilippineMedical Association through its Medical Board ofExaminers conducts medical board exams forthe licensure examination for doctors.