SCALE EXAMPLE: Shows how much of the actual earth’s surface is represented by a given measurement on a map. May be shown graphically or expressed in words and figures.
SYMBOLS Usually a map has EXAMPLE: a legend that explains what each symbol mean. Some symbols represent highways, railroads, mountains, lakes and plains.
COLOR EXAMPLE:the different colors of the map are a part of the map language.
GEOGRAPHIC GRID EXAMPLE: theentire system of these grid lines are called grid lines. These grid lines are called meridians and parallels.
GUIDELINES IN USING MAPS: Read the titles and subtitles. They will often tell you the purpose of the graphic materials and may provide a clue to its main idea. Read the key, and/or the legend, and the scale of miles whenever any of these is present. Notice how the parts of the map are related to each other. Determine the purpose for the map.
ADVANTAGES: The students can visualize the approximate (if not the exact) location of a place/thing. It will be easy for the students to trace the location of a certain place/thing. It may help the students to analyze the given problem. It will give techniques and ways on how to solve the problem easily.
DISADVANTAGES:Itwill interrupt the mind of the novice students especially those who didn’t know how to make use of it.The students may be focusing on the map itself.