A curriculum can be organized eitherhorizontally or vertically. Horizontal organization means, that the direction of thecurriculum elements is sideways. On the otherhand, using vertical arrangement or sequenceof curricular elements follow a vertical design.
urrCurriculum Design Models1. Subject-centered design model a. subject design b. discipline design c. correlated design d. broad field design/interdisciplinary2. Learner-centered design a. Child-centered design b. Experience-centered design c. Humanistic design
3. Problem-centered design a. Life-situation design b. Core design
1. The problem is selected by either the the teacher or the students.2. A group consensus is made to identify the most important problem and interest of the class.3. Problems are selected on the basis of developed criteria for selection.4. The problem is clearly stated and defined.5. Areas of study are decided, including dividing the class by individual or group interest.6. Needed information is listed and discussed.7. Resources for obtaining information are listed and discussed.
8. Information is obtained and organized.9. Information is analyzed and interpreted.10. Tentative conclusions are stated and tested.11. A report is presented to the class on an individual or group basis.12. Conclusions are evaluated.13. New avenues of rations toward further further problem solving are examined.