Can one design                                                    poetry in                                               ...
Architecturalpoetry“... is a form of … building artin which … architectureis used for its aesthetic and evocative qualitie...
If not poetry,how about architectural       music ?
Architectural                                              music… is an art form whose medium is…a building’s solids, void...
Architectural    building ELEMENTS    consist of the spatial elements :                             -   solids            ...
The architectural element of    SPACE    may have 2 or 3 dimensions.    It refers to the distances, areas, volumes    betw...
There are two types of s p a c e , positive and negative..                                                        Wikipedia
Positive spacerefers to the space of a form representing the subject matter.Negative spacerefers to the space around and b...
Casa das Histórias Paula Rego, Cascais, Portugal, Eduardo Souto de Moura, Architect.   House for Elderly People, Alcacer d...
textures & colors
textures, colours, solids & voids          Washington D.C   .   Suman Sorg, Architect
-   Solids        -   Shapes        -   Textures        -   Colors        -   Space       are arranged in geometric patter...
Shared architectural                           ideas & beliefs                           become                           ...
The creation, performance, significance,                                  and even the definition of              architec...
Here are two 20th century architectsknown for their art of architectural poetry                     who created houseswith...
Farnsworth House Modern         1946 -51                Fox River, Illinois Minimalist     Mies van der Rohe, Architect   ...
Prairie Style   The Robie House, Chicago Illinois   Frank Lloyd Wright, Architect                                         ...
1946 -51   Farnsworth House   Plano, Illinois   Mies van der Rohe, Architect                   In contrast to Wright, Mies...
Mies’ truth- during the early 20th century group of leading artists and architects,such as Modrian, von Doesburg, Rietveld...
The unity of interiors and exteriorsMies’s belief is clear in his plan for his 1924 Brick Country House.-
Brick Country House 1924   Mies van der Rohe
Mies and Wright are an exampleof how different beliefs can exist in the same century.They give different meanings to simil...
Another example of how architectural form conveys meaning,                   is how a culture differentiates the front of ...
Fronts                                                                                   are pubic, formal                ...
The Royal Crescent, Bath, England, John Wood the Younger, Architect   These front facades display a high degree of repetit...
In contrast to the architectural differences of the front and back anotherculture believed all sides of a buildingshould d...
Neoclassical                       1st Floor Plan Villa Rotunda 1567 Vicenza, Italy Andréa Palladio, ArchitectWith all sid...
The Entry Facade                                                             The Other Facades                   Villa Rot...
20th Century Suburban USA Ranch Style                                        In startling contrast,          the facade de...
Again a contrast, in 16th century Amsterdam   ..
16th Century Canal Houses in AmsterdamAll individual buildings belong to a family of facade designs. These buildings show ...
The design variations at the street andcornice levels, in an otherwise almostidentical fenestration, indicate that thebuil...
“Vernaculararchitecture is a term used to categorize methods of construction               which use locally available res...
Contemporary VernacularAC du Grand Large-Neptune   2010   Dunkirk, France   Nicolas Michelin & Associates Architects
Designed for change                                            Transformed by the residentsBefore the owners moved in     ...
Minimalismdescribes movements in various forms of art and designwhere the work is stripped down to its most fundamental fe...
Konstruktion 1927 Hannes Meyer              Light and Space, Laszlo Moholy Nagy   Contra Construction Project 1923, Von Do...
MinimalismPoints   2006 Robert Ryman
MinimalismFree Ride   2007   Tony Smith
MinimalismThe Center Court, Salk Research Center, Palo Alto California, Louis Kahn, Architect
Minimalism           Front FacadeAzuma House, Osaka, Tadao Ando, Architect
Courtyard
3.2 x 12.8 m   65 m2   Azuma House ,   Tadao Ando, Architect
MinimalismCherokee Lofts   2007 Los Angeles, Pugh & Scarpa Architects
MinimalismMoriyama HouseTokyo, Ryue Nishizawa, Architect
MinimalismVillers Road   2008 London England   Peter Barber, Architect
In contrast
Futurism, ItalyNude Number 2 1912   Marcel Duchamp
Russian Constructivism      Komposition 8 1923 Wassily Kandinsky
Deconstruction, USARay and Maria Stata Center MIT, Cambridge USA 2004   Frank Gehry, Architect
What happened ?         new valuesa new way of understanding life   .                                      a new style
The Deconstruction Style                         “… is the expression of the uncanny.                           … the need...
Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center, Las Vegas USA, Frank Gehry, Architect“The Deconstruction style is linked to Postmodernis...
People’s  attitudes, orientations, and underlying assumptions                        shape the built environment ”        ...
Here are some examples of my work
Yellow Field   1958   oil on cardboard   Louis Sauer
The Garden of Louis Sauer Architect                                          2005   89A Lawson Avenue, Frankston South, Au...
2nd Street Townhouses                         1969    Society Hill , Philadelphia       Louis Sauer, architect
The Frankel Houses1967 Margate NJLouis Sauer Architect
Kitchen                                                1967Lounge                    The Lenard Frankel House             ...
1967    The Lenard Frankel HouseMargate, New Jersey   Louis Sauer Architect
Interior   The Buten House  Philadelphia 1962Louis Sauer Architect
Courtyard FacadeThe Buten House, Philadelphia 1962              Louis Sauer Architect
Interiors Hamilton House 1963 New Hope, PA Louis Sauer, Architect
Courtyard                McClennen House 1965127 Pine Street, Society Hill Philadelphia                   Louis Sauer, Arc...
Courtyard                                                  Living RoomMcClennen House, 1965 127 Pine Street, Society Hill ...
Lounge from the Study                McClennen House 1965127 Pine Street, Society Hill Philadelphia                   Loui...
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Housing architecture & poetry 26.07.11

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Introductory presentation by Prof. Louis Sauer to Graduate Architecture students considering taking his course in Urban Housing Design, July 2011. Cultural values are essential to understanding architectural aesthetics. Prof. Sauer gives students a brief introduction to these ideas, using "poetry" as a metaphor for architectural aesthetics.

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Housing architecture & poetry 26.07.11

  1. 1. Can one design poetry in Can one design Can one design poetry poetry in in t ht e ea r cr h Iht Iet c tcut r e eof of h a c e ur hh o u s I n g? ? ousIng a brief introduction a brief introduction Louis Sauer Visiting Professor RMIT 26 July 2011China Two Lions 1957 Cai Gui-Qang Louis Sauer Visiting Professor RMIT 26 July 2011
  2. 2. Architecturalpoetry“... is a form of … building artin which … architectureis used for its aesthetic and evocative qualitiesin addition to, or in lieu of, its apparent meaning.” LS edit Wikipedia
  3. 3. If not poetry,how about architectural music ?
  4. 4. Architectural music… is an art form whose medium is…a building’s solids, voids and texture.Common elements are … rhythmand its associated concepts tempo, meter, and articulation … LS edit Wikipedia
  5. 5. Architectural building ELEMENTS consist of the spatial elements : - solids - shapes - voids - textures - colors - space.
  6. 6. The architectural element of SPACE may have 2 or 3 dimensions. It refers to the distances, areas, volumes between, around or within the components of a piece. Wikipedia
  7. 7. There are two types of s p a c e , positive and negative.. Wikipedia
  8. 8. Positive spacerefers to the space of a form representing the subject matter.Negative spacerefers to the space around and between the subject matter. Wikipedia
  9. 9. Casa das Histórias Paula Rego, Cascais, Portugal, Eduardo Souto de Moura, Architect. House for Elderly People, Alcacer do Sal, Portugal, Aires Mateus Arquitectos photography by Fernando Guerra on Dezeen solid & void spaces
  10. 10. textures & colors
  11. 11. textures, colours, solids & voids Washington D.C . Suman Sorg, Architect
  12. 12. - Solids - Shapes - Textures - Colors - Space are arranged in geometric patterns and rhythmsto express a feeling, an idea, concept, a belief.
  13. 13. Shared architectural ideas & beliefs become ‘styles’ I’ll just talk briefly about a few. MinimalismTimeline
  14. 14. The creation, performance, significance, and even the definition of architectural poetry and musical stylesvary according to culture and social context. LS edit Wikipedia
  15. 15. Here are two 20th century architectsknown for their art of architectural poetry who created houseswith similar planes projecting into space.
  16. 16. Farnsworth House Modern 1946 -51 Fox River, Illinois Minimalist Mies van der Rohe, Architect These designs have a similar quality of planes projecting into space but their meanings are very different The Robie House 1908-09Prairie Style Chicago, Illinois Frank Lloyd Wright, Architect
  17. 17. Prairie Style The Robie House, Chicago Illinois Frank Lloyd Wright, Architect To Wright, all is specific. The home is caught between the earth and the sky. The earth represents life’s mortality and the sky represents the unknown forever.The roof appears a captured horizon to harbor the space below, anchored by solids, a specific place It protects life from the unknowable infinity.
  18. 18. 1946 -51 Farnsworth House Plano, Illinois Mies van der Rohe, Architect In contrast to Wright, Mies believes everything is universal. The roof and floor planes extend into the landscape. Mies believes the outside has the same meaning as the inside –that all physical and non-physical forms are spiritually joined in absolute truth. Perceived difference is ephemeral. All places are the same.
  19. 19. Mies’ truth- during the early 20th century group of leading artists and architects,such as Modrian, von Doesburg, Rietveld and Mies,held strong beliefs in the spiritual beliefs of Theosophy. “Theosophy presents a world view that emphasizes the unity and interconnectedness of all life, the basic oneness of all species on earth and of all peoples.” Adyar Bookshop
  20. 20. The unity of interiors and exteriorsMies’s belief is clear in his plan for his 1924 Brick Country House.-
  21. 21. Brick Country House 1924 Mies van der Rohe
  22. 22. Mies and Wright are an exampleof how different beliefs can exist in the same century.They give different meanings to similar forms.
  23. 23. Another example of how architectural form conveys meaning, is how a culture differentiates the front of buildings from the backs of buildings.Backs and fronts have strongly different social meanings.
  24. 24. Fronts are pubic, formal and designed for a ordered ‘beauty’ rather than utilityBacksare utilitarian,private, functionally contingent and display a lackof organizational cohesion The Royal Crescent, 1767-74 Bath England, John Wood the Younger, Architect
  25. 25. The Royal Crescent, Bath, England, John Wood the Younger, Architect These front facades display a high degree of repetitive organizational formality.They could have been designed only in a culture whose values were strongly accepted by both of the residents and their government
  26. 26. In contrast to the architectural differences of the front and back anotherculture believed all sides of a buildingshould display a common aesthetic – the same appearance.In the ‘neo-classical’ architectural culture,all utilitarian and/or private functions were minimalizedexcept the entry and its stepsso that all sides could be a ‘public front’.
  27. 27. Neoclassical 1st Floor Plan Villa Rotunda 1567 Vicenza, Italy Andréa Palladio, ArchitectWith all sides of the building presenting a symmetrical ‘front’ to the outside, this diminishes the importance of any private functions. Public life is more important than private life.
  28. 28. The Entry Facade The Other Facades Villa Rotunda 1567 Vicenza, Italy Andréa Palladio, Architect
  29. 29. 20th Century Suburban USA Ranch Style In startling contrast, the facade design of the suburban house clearly expresses utility and function.One can easily read (understand) the place for the car, the entrance, the living room and a bath room. This culture believes that private life is more important than the public life.
  30. 30. Again a contrast, in 16th century Amsterdam ..
  31. 31. 16th Century Canal Houses in AmsterdamAll individual buildings belong to a family of facade designs. These buildings show facades within an overall design discipline but with individual variations.Once again, we understand this was a culture where the public had a stronger authority over private life – but, it is clear that individual families strived for a unique identity within the community..
  32. 32. The design variations at the street andcornice levels, in an otherwise almostidentical fenestration, indicate that thebuilding owners’ desire individualrecognition by the community.
  33. 33. “Vernaculararchitecture is a term used to categorize methods of construction which use locally available resources and traditions to address local needs and circumstances.” Wikipedia
  34. 34. Contemporary VernacularAC du Grand Large-Neptune 2010 Dunkirk, France Nicolas Michelin & Associates Architects
  35. 35. Designed for change Transformed by the residentsBefore the owners moved in After 0wnership Modern transformed by Vernacular Low-income Social Housing Quinta Monroy 2003 Iquique, Chile Elemental Architects
  36. 36. Minimalismdescribes movements in various forms of art and designwhere the work is stripped down to its most fundamental features. Wikipedia
  37. 37. Konstruktion 1927 Hannes Meyer Light and Space, Laszlo Moholy Nagy Contra Construction Project 1923, Von Doesburg Arithmetic Composition, 1930, van Doesburg De Stijl & Bauhaus artists are a major source of reference for minimalistic work. They expanded the ideas that could be expressedby using basic elements such as lines and planes organized in very particular manners. Wikipedia
  38. 38. MinimalismPoints 2006 Robert Ryman
  39. 39. MinimalismFree Ride 2007 Tony Smith
  40. 40. MinimalismThe Center Court, Salk Research Center, Palo Alto California, Louis Kahn, Architect
  41. 41. Minimalism Front FacadeAzuma House, Osaka, Tadao Ando, Architect
  42. 42. Courtyard
  43. 43. 3.2 x 12.8 m 65 m2 Azuma House , Tadao Ando, Architect
  44. 44. MinimalismCherokee Lofts 2007 Los Angeles, Pugh & Scarpa Architects
  45. 45. MinimalismMoriyama HouseTokyo, Ryue Nishizawa, Architect
  46. 46. MinimalismVillers Road 2008 London England Peter Barber, Architect
  47. 47. In contrast
  48. 48. Futurism, ItalyNude Number 2 1912 Marcel Duchamp
  49. 49. Russian Constructivism Komposition 8 1923 Wassily Kandinsky
  50. 50. Deconstruction, USARay and Maria Stata Center MIT, Cambridge USA 2004 Frank Gehry, Architect
  51. 51. What happened ? new valuesa new way of understanding life . a new style
  52. 52. The Deconstruction Style “… is the expression of the uncanny. … the need for an architecture of "discomfort and the unbalancing of expectations" Tschumi 1977a mystery - form contradicts function.
  53. 53. Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center, Las Vegas USA, Frank Gehry, Architect“The Deconstruction style is linked to Postmodernismwhich in turn is linked to nonsense … Nonsense is an early 20th Century literary technique, which employs enlightening witticisms … to convey a sense of wistful romantic nostalgiaand pizza within 20 minutes or your money back … thats got to be your stupidest idea ever.’ Wikapedia
  54. 54. People’s attitudes, orientations, and underlying assumptions shape the built environment ” from Ideas and Beliefs in Architecture and Industrial design Invar Holm (2006) Oslo School of Architecture and Design
  55. 55. Here are some examples of my work
  56. 56. Yellow Field 1958 oil on cardboard Louis Sauer
  57. 57. The Garden of Louis Sauer Architect 2005 89A Lawson Avenue, Frankston South, Australia
  58. 58. 2nd Street Townhouses 1969 Society Hill , Philadelphia Louis Sauer, architect
  59. 59. The Frankel Houses1967 Margate NJLouis Sauer Architect
  60. 60. Kitchen 1967Lounge The Lenard Frankel House Margate, New Jersey Louis Sauer Architect
  61. 61. 1967 The Lenard Frankel HouseMargate, New Jersey Louis Sauer Architect
  62. 62. Interior The Buten House Philadelphia 1962Louis Sauer Architect
  63. 63. Courtyard FacadeThe Buten House, Philadelphia 1962 Louis Sauer Architect
  64. 64. Interiors Hamilton House 1963 New Hope, PA Louis Sauer, Architect
  65. 65. Courtyard McClennen House 1965127 Pine Street, Society Hill Philadelphia Louis Sauer, Architect
  66. 66. Courtyard Living RoomMcClennen House, 1965 127 Pine Street, Society Hill Philadelphia, Louis Sauer, Architect
  67. 67. Lounge from the Study McClennen House 1965127 Pine Street, Society Hill Philadelphia Louis Sauer, Architect

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