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POSTURE ANALYSIS
PRESENTED BY
MWADZIWANA LOUIS LAW
WHAT IS POSTURE ?
• Posture is a position of greatest efficiency, around
your center of gravity, with muscles on all sides...
CORRECT POSTURE
Correct posture
“Position in which minimum stress is
each joint.” (Magee)
Maintains the natural curves

pl...
CAUSES OF POOR POSTURE
• Positional factors/Habitual
•
•
•
•

Appearance of increased height (social stigma)
Muscle imbala...
CAUSES OF POOR POSTURE
• Structural factors
•
•
•
•

Congenital anomalies
Developmental problems
Trauma
Disease
FACTORS AFFECTING POSTURAL
ANALYSIS
• Subject must be minimally clothed
• The subject must assume a comfortable and
relaxe...
THE SPINAL COLUMN
• Primary curves
• Thoracic spine
• Sacrum

• Secondary curves
• Cervical spine
• Lumbar spine
LATERAL VIEW
• Head and neck:
• Plumb line: The line
falls through the ear
lobe to the acromion
process.

• Common faults
...
LATERAL VIEW
Shoulder:
• Plumb line: It falls
through the
acromion process.
• Common faults
include:
• Forward shoulders
•...
LATERAL VIEW
• Thoracic vertebrae
• Plumb line: The line
bisects the chest
symmetrically.
• Common faults

• Kyphosis
• Pe...
LATERAL VIEW
• Lumbar vertebrae:
• Plumb Line: The line falls
midway between the
abdomen and back
and slightly anterior to...
LATERAL VIEW
• Pelvis and hip:
• Plumb Line: The line falls
slightly anterior to the
sacroiliac joint and
posterior to the...
LATERAL VIEW
• Knee:
• Plumb line: The line
passes slightly anterior
to the midline of the
knee, creating an
extension mom...
LATERAL VIEW
• Ankle:
• Plumb line: The line
lies slightly anterior to
the lateral
malleolus, aligned
with tuberosity of 5...
POSTERIOR VIEW
• Head and neck:
• Plumb line: The midline bisects the head through the
external occipital protuberance; he...
POSTERIOR VIEW
• Trunk
• Plumb Line: The line bisects the spinous process of
the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae.
• Common f...
POSTERIOR VIEW
• Pelvis and Hip:
• Plumb line: The line bisects the gluteal cleft and the
posterior superior iliac spines ...
POSTERIOR VIEW
• Knee
• Plumb Line: The plumb line lies, equidistant between
the knees.
• Common faults include:
• Genu va...
POSTERIOR VIEW
• Ankle and Foot
• Plumb line: The line is equidistant from the
malleoli, a line (Feiss’) is drawn from the...
ANTERIOR VIEW
• Head and Neck:
• Plumb Line: The line bisects the head at the midline into
equal halves.
Common faults inc...
ANTERIOR VIEW
• Shoulders:
• Plumb Line: A vertical line bisects the sternum and
xiphoid process.
• It may be due to:
• Dr...
ANTERIOR VIEW
• Elbows:
• Common faults include:
• Cubitus valgus: The forearm deviates laterally from the arm
at angle gr...
ANTERIOR VIEW
• Hip
• Plumb line: Common faults include:
• Lateral rotation
• Medial rotation
ANTERIOR VIEW
• Knee:
• Plumb Line: The legs are equidistant from a vertical
line through the body.
• Common Faults includ...
ANTERIOR VIEW
• Ankle and Foot:
• Plumb line: Common Faults include:
• Hallux valgus:
• Hammer toes
LATERAL VIEW
POSTERIOR VIEW
ANTERIOR VIEW
REFERENCES
• Lynn S. Lippert, Clinical Kinesiology and Anatomy
2006
• Chaplin, Lori, MS, Maloney, Ryan “Picture Perfect
Po...
•THANK YOU
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Posture analysis

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This document explains how to do a posture analysis and the common posture deviations.

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Posture analysis

  1. 1. POSTURE ANALYSIS PRESENTED BY MWADZIWANA LOUIS LAW
  2. 2. WHAT IS POSTURE ? • Posture is a position of greatest efficiency, around your center of gravity, with muscles on all sides, exerting pull equally.
  3. 3. CORRECT POSTURE Correct posture “Position in which minimum stress is each joint.” (Magee) Maintains the natural curves placed on Faulty posture Any position that increases stress on joints Create muscle imbalances, ligamentous tension, circulatory occlusion
  4. 4. CAUSES OF POOR POSTURE • Positional factors/Habitual • • • • Appearance of increased height (social stigma) Muscle imbalances/contractures Pain e.g. ICD pleural effusion Respiratory conditions
  5. 5. CAUSES OF POOR POSTURE • Structural factors • • • • Congenital anomalies Developmental problems Trauma Disease
  6. 6. FACTORS AFFECTING POSTURAL ANALYSIS • Subject must be minimally clothed • The subject must assume a comfortable and relaxed posture • Subjects who use orthotic or assistive devices should be assessed with and without them to determine their effectiveness in correcting posture. • relevant medical history and other information
  7. 7. THE SPINAL COLUMN • Primary curves • Thoracic spine • Sacrum • Secondary curves • Cervical spine • Lumbar spine
  8. 8. LATERAL VIEW • Head and neck: • Plumb line: The line falls through the ear lobe to the acromion process. • Common faults include: • Forward head: • Flattened lordotic cervical curve • Excessive Lordotic curve
  9. 9. LATERAL VIEW Shoulder: • Plumb line: It falls through the acromion process. • Common faults include: • Forward shoulders • Lumbar Lordosis
  10. 10. LATERAL VIEW • Thoracic vertebrae • Plumb line: The line bisects the chest symmetrically. • Common faults • Kyphosis • Pectus excavatum (Funnel chest) • Barrel chest • Pectus cavinatum (Pigeon chest)
  11. 11. LATERAL VIEW • Lumbar vertebrae: • Plumb Line: The line falls midway between the abdomen and back and slightly anterior to the sacroiliac Joint. • Common faults include: • Lordosis • Sway back • Flat back
  12. 12. LATERAL VIEW • Pelvis and hip: • Plumb Line: The line falls slightly anterior to the sacroiliac joint and posterior to the hip joint, through the greater trochanter, creating an extension moment. • Common faults include: • Anterior pelvic tilt • Posterior pelvic tilt
  13. 13. LATERAL VIEW • Knee: • Plumb line: The line passes slightly anterior to the midline of the knee, creating an extension moment. • Common faults include: • Genu recurvatum • Flexed knee
  14. 14. LATERAL VIEW • Ankle: • Plumb line: The line lies slightly anterior to the lateral malleolus, aligned with tuberosity of 5th metatarsal. • Common faults include: • Forward posture:
  15. 15. POSTERIOR VIEW • Head and neck: • Plumb line: The midline bisects the head through the external occipital protuberance; head is usually positioned squarely over the shoulders so that eyes remain level. • Common faults include: • • • • • Head tilt Head rotated Adducted scapulae Abducted scapulae Winging of the scapulae:
  16. 16. POSTERIOR VIEW • Trunk • Plumb Line: The line bisects the spinous process of the thoracic and lumbar vertebrae. • Common faults include: • Lateral deviation (Scoliosis)
  17. 17. POSTERIOR VIEW • Pelvis and Hip: • Plumb line: The line bisects the gluteal cleft and the posterior superior iliac spines are on the same horizontal plane; the iliac crests, gluteal folds and greater trochanters are level. • Common faults include: • Lateral pelvic tilt • Pelvic rotation • Abducted hip
  18. 18. POSTERIOR VIEW • Knee • Plumb Line: The plumb line lies, equidistant between the knees. • Common faults include: • Genu varum • Genu Valgum
  19. 19. POSTERIOR VIEW • Ankle and Foot • Plumb line: The line is equidistant from the malleoli, a line (Feiss’) is drawn from the medial malleolus to the first metatarsal bone and the tuberosity of the navicular bone lies on the line. • Common faults include: • Pes planus (Pronated) • Pes Cavus (supinated)
  20. 20. ANTERIOR VIEW • Head and Neck: • Plumb Line: The line bisects the head at the midline into equal halves. Common faults include: • Lateral Tilt • Rotation • Mandibular asymmetry
  21. 21. ANTERIOR VIEW • Shoulders: • Plumb Line: A vertical line bisects the sternum and xiphoid process. • It may be due to: • Dropped or elevated shoulder • Clavicle and joint asymmetry
  22. 22. ANTERIOR VIEW • Elbows: • Common faults include: • Cubitus valgus: The forearm deviates laterally from the arm at angle greater than 15° (female) and 10° (male). It may be due to: • Elbow hyperextension. • Distal displacement of trochlea in relation to capitulum of humerus. • Stretched ulnar collateral ligament. • Cubitus varus
  23. 23. ANTERIOR VIEW • Hip • Plumb line: Common faults include: • Lateral rotation • Medial rotation
  24. 24. ANTERIOR VIEW • Knee: • Plumb Line: The legs are equidistant from a vertical line through the body. • Common Faults include: • External tibial torsion • Internal tibial torsion
  25. 25. ANTERIOR VIEW • Ankle and Foot: • Plumb line: Common Faults include: • Hallux valgus: • Hammer toes
  26. 26. LATERAL VIEW
  27. 27. POSTERIOR VIEW
  28. 28. ANTERIOR VIEW
  29. 29. REFERENCES • Lynn S. Lippert, Clinical Kinesiology and Anatomy 2006 • Chaplin, Lori, MS, Maloney, Ryan “Picture Perfect Posture” IDEA Personal Trainer, Sept 2002
  30. 30. •THANK YOU

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