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08 Quantum Theory 2018

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08 Quantum Theory 2018

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08 Quantum Theory 2018

  1. 1. 1 Please discontinue use of cell phone and turn off ringer Innovation & IT Management Quantum Theory
  2. 2. 2 Quantum theory appeared a little more than a century ago to explain the dynamics of elementary particles, such as atoms, photons, and electrons. It all started with Max Planck who later in 1918 was given the Nobel prize in physics for his work on quantum theory. Quantum Theory
  3. 3. 3 Quantum Theory From http://www-personal.umich.edu/~jwells/manuscripts/jdw160306.pdf, last accessed July 6, 2018.
  4. 4. 4 Quantum Theory Quantum mechanics appeared a little more than a century ago to explain the dynamics of elementary particles, such as atoms, photons, and electrons. It all started with Max Planck who later in 1918 was given the Nobel prize in physics for his work on quantum theory. Quantum Computing (Richard Feynman) Quantum Cryptography (Artur Ekert) Quantum Entanglement Quantum Simulation
  5. 5. 5 Quantum Computing
  6. 6. 6 This is what is considered the founding paper of quantum computing: Voir https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JCfeEPTeSdA&list=PL5YLCNAx3QGU7CMleE8C-ctjnWvoqEfMQ&index=13 @4:41, last accesssed July 5, 2018. Quantum Computing
  7. 7. 7 Classical Computing: A bit: or Quantim Computing: A qubit: 0 1 01 Quantum Computing
  8. 8. 8 1:39 Quantum Computing Excerpted from Science Studio (Dec 1, 2017). How Do Quantum Computers Work?! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jiXuVIEg10Q, last accessed July 8, 2018.
  9. 9. 9 Benazdia, N. (2015). L’ordinateur quantique de la NASA est Google est hallucinant, http://fr.ubergizmo.com/2015/12/10/ordinateur- quantique-nasa-google-est-hallucinant.html, consulté le 12 décembre 2015. Which means that it can compute in one second what a one-processor computer computes in 10 000 years. The D-Wave 2X quantum computer developed by D-Wave, Google and the NASA is 100 million times faster than a traditional computer. Quantum Computing
  10. 10. 10 Quantum Computing
  11. 11. 11 To factor numbers into their prime components: Ex.: 70 = 7 x 5 x 2 But: 48 279 = 3 x 7 x 11 x 11 x 19 What about 2709165455516677166615561522873991818811897853678168 781772817177235636766100110093816378716235344 ? Quantum Computing Supremacy
  12. 12. 12Image borrowed from ScienceEtonnante (Apr 7, 2017). Les Ordinateurs Quantiques — Science étonnante #40, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bayTbt_8aNc, @11/03, last accessed July 3, 2018. Number of digits in the integer to factor Numberofdivisionstoperform Classical algorithm Quantum (Peter Shor’s) algorithm Quantum Computing Supremacy
  13. 13. 13 Quantum Cryptography Quantum mechanics appeared a little more than a century ago to explain the dynamics of elementary particles, such as atoms, photons, and electrons. It all started with Max Planck who later in 1918 was given the Nobel prize in physics for his work on quantum theory. Quantum Computing (Richard Feynman) Quantum Cryptography (Artur Ekert) Quantum Entanglement Quantum Simulation
  14. 14. 14 instantly Quantum Cryptography
  15. 15. 15 Quantum mechanics appeared a little more than a century ago to explain the dynamics of elementary particles, such as atoms, photons, and electrons. It all started with Max Planck who later in 1918 was given the Nobel prize in physics for his work on quantum theory. Quantum Computing (Richard Feynman) Quantum Cryptography (Artur Ekert) Quantum Entanglement Quantum Simulation Quantum Entanglement
  16. 16. 16 Quantum mechanics appeared a little more than a century ago to explain the dynamics of elementary particles, such as atoms, photons, and electrons. It all started with Max Planck who later in 1918 was given the Nobel prize in physics for his work on quantum theory. Quantum Computing (Richard Feynman) Quantum Cryptography (Artur Ekert) Quantum Entanglement  1997: Teleportation of two photons  2004: Teleportation of two atoms  2007: Teleportation of several atoms Quantum Simulation Quantum Entanglement
  17. 17. 17 Quantum Entanglement
  18. 18. 18 Spin up (0) N S N S Spin down (1) If either particle is measured with spin up, the other is always measured with spin down. Or vice versa. The correlation is 100%. The Information Philosopher (n.d.). Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen, http://www.informationphilosopher.com/solutions/experiments/EPR/, last acccessed July 2, 2018. Quantum Entanglement
  19. 19. 19 N SN S Spin up (1) Spin down (0) … and alternatively. Quantum Entanglement
  20. 20. 20 N S SN Superposition (both 0 and 1 simultaneously) Superposition (both 0 and 1 simultaneously) 299 792 458 m/s Questions: How can the information about the particle’s state travel so fast? Was the information already built in the particles? Can this phenomenon be observed only in local areas? Quantum Entanglement
  21. 21. 21 S S N N 299 792 458 m/s Superposition (both 0 and 1 simultaneously) Superposition (both 0 and 1 simultaneously) Questions: How can the information about the particle’s state travel so fast? Was the information already built in the particles? Can this phenomenon be observed only in local areas? Quantum Entanglement
  22. 22. 22 S S N N 300 000 km/s Superposition (both 0 and 1 simultaneously) Superposition (both 0 and 1 simultaneously) Questions: How can the information about the particle’s state travel so fast? Was the information already built in the particles? Can this phenomenon be observed only in local areas? Quantum Entanglement
  23. 23. 23Borrowed from https://www.futura-sciences.com/sciences/actualites/intrication-quantique-intrication-quantique-record-distance-deux- kilometres-60640/ Niels Böhr Albert Einstein Quantum Entanglement
  24. 24. 24 Einstein’s Original 1905 Paper on the General Theory of Relativity: Quantum Entanglement
  25. 25. 25 The famous Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen paper, 1935: Quantum Entanglement
  26. 26. 26 According to this paper (commonly referred to as EPR), only two possibilities can exist: There is interaction between the particles despite them being separated, or The information about the outcome of all possible combinations, was already present in both particles. According to this paper (commonly referred to as EPR), only two possibilities can exist: There is interaction between the particles despite them being separated, or The information about the outcome of all possible combinations, was already present in both particles. The EPR paper favored the second possibility: information was already encoded in some “hidden parameters”. This is because the instant propagation of information between the two particles conflicts with the theory of relativity. Therefore, for EPR, quantum mechanics was incomplete missing these “hidden parameters”. Quantum Entanglement
  27. 27. 27 Quantum Entanglement
  28. 28. 28 In the theory of relativity, any particle at one point can “influence” another particle that is at a distant point only by propagating to that point at the speed of light. But the quantum-mechanical wave-function is neither matter nor energy, nothing physical; it is only information. The Information Philosopher (n.d.). Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen, http://www.informationphilosopher.com/solutions/experiments/EPR/, last acccessed July 2, 2018. Quantum Entanglement
  29. 29. 29 The EPR paper argument was based on the belief that two events cannot influence each other if the distance between them is greater than the distance light could travel In other words, only local events inside what they call the light sphere can influence each another. Wolff, M. (1004). Explaining the Ultimate Quantum Paradox - Bell's Theorem / EPR (Exploring the Physics of the Unknown Universe, 1994), http://www.spaceandmotion.com/Wolff-Einstein-EPR-Experiment.htm, last accessed July 2, 2018. The EPR paper argument was based on the belief that two events cannot influence each other if the distance between them is greater than the distance light could travel. In other words, only local events inside what they call the light sphere can influence each another. The Principle of Local Events Quantum Entanglement
  30. 30. 30 Niel Böhr’s response was published a few months later: Quantum Entanglement
  31. 31. 31 Quantum Entanglement
  32. 32. 32 Further experimentation, some 50 years later, especially that performed in 1982 by the French Alain Aspect, invalidated EPR’s claims. These experiments, and others (see below), confirmed that quantum theory was correct and that the Principle of Local Events failed. Wolff, M. (1004). Explaining the Ultimate Quantum Paradox - Bell's Theorem / EPR (Exploring the Physics of the Unknown Universe, 1994), http://www.spaceandmotion.com/Wolff-Einstein-EPR-Experiment.htm, last accessed July 2, 2018. Aspect, A., Dalibard, J., and Roger, G. (1982). Experimental Test of Bell's Inequalities Using Time-Varying Analyzers, Physical Review Letters, Vol. 49, pp. 1804-1807. Freedman, S. J., & Clauser, J. F. (1972). Experimental Test of Local Hidden-Variable Theories. Physical Review Letters, Vol. 28, pp. 938-941. Quantum Entanglement
  33. 33. 33See http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-4686720/China-teleports-photon-SPACE.html, last accessed July 6, 2018. See http://english.cas.cn/newsroom/news/201706/t20170619_178279.shtml, last accessed July 6, 2018. Quantum Entanglement
  34. 34. 34 Quantum Entanglement
  35. 35. 35 Spin up (0) N S N S Spin down (1) The conclusion is that even when the particles are separated, they will constitute an inseparable whole. That is what is called “quantum holism” Quantum Entanglement
  36. 36. 36 Spin up (0) N S N S Spin down (1) Connections link events at separate locations without known fields or matter. For these connections A million kilometers is the same as a few centimeters. They act seemingly with speed greater than light. Quantum Entanglement
  37. 37. 37Integrated Systems Distributed Ledger Technologies Quantum entanglement Telepathy Synchronicity (Disambiguation) Law of attraction Quantum Entanglement and Beyond
  38. 38. 38 Quantum Entanglement and Beyond (Collective Intelligence)
  39. 39. 39From Taylor Redd, N. (October 20, 2017). What is a Wormhole? https://www.space.com/20881-wormholes.html, last accessed July 4, 2018. 1:17 Quantum Entanglement and Beyond
  40. 40. 40 Quantum Entanglement and Beyond
  41. 41. 41 Quantum Entanglement and Beyond
  42. 42. 42 Is there any matter? Isn’t the universe a huge pile of space-time atoms? Conclusion Is there any matter? Isn’t the universe a huge pile of space-time atoms? Is there a reality out there that is independent of our observation in such a way that particles have properties irrespective of whether we observe them or not? (Einstein) If a tree falls in the forest, and there’s nobody around to hear, does it make a sound?
  43. 43. 43 Is there any matter? Isn’t the universe a huge pile of space-time atoms? Is there a reality out there that is independent of our observation in such a way that particles have properties irrespective of whether we observe them or not? (Einstein) Is there any matter? Isn’t the universe a huge pile of space-time atoms? Is there a reality out there that is independent of our observation in such a way that particles have properties irrespective of whether we observe them or not? (Einstein) Are the only things that are real those which we observe and that things change because we look at them? (Böhr) Conclusion
  44. 44. 44 Is there any matter? Isn’t the universe a huge pile of space-time atoms? Is there a reality out there that is independent of our observation in such a way that particles have properties irrespective of whether we observe them or not? (Einstein) Are the only things that are real those which we observe and that things change because we look at them? (Böhr) Does the way things look change when we change our look at them? Conclusion
  45. 45. 452D to 3D Figure from Douglas, D.B., Wilke, C.A., Gibson, D., Boone, J.M., and Wintermark, M. (November 2017). Augmented Reality: Advances in Diagnostic Imaging, Multimodal Technologies and Interact, Vol. 1, No. 29, www.mdpi.com/2414-4088/1/4/29/pdf, Conclusion If the quantum world is all in 2D, and our world is all in 3D, then…
  46. 46. 46 T T H H A A N N K K S SSong: Extracted from the song 141120 TK music sn04.-27510, by Artist: Pleasure Park Music - Licensed by AdRev for Rights Holder (on behalf of Pleasure Park Music), https://soundcloud.com/zoxfox87/141120-tk-music-sn05-1, last accessed July 27, 2018.

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