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Focus on photography


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Focus on photography

  1. 1. Photography Look at the following photos and identify the different elements the photographer has used to construct the shot. Next, think about what is being connoted through the use of the technical elements. We’ll do the first one together....
  2. 2. Image Analysis AS Media Studies 2009 Technical Codes: Shot type Camera angle Composition & Framing Symbolic Codes / Mise- en-Scene: Costume / clothing Body language / facial expressions Location Colour Connotations of these Connotations of these Genre – how do you know? How is the image appealing to the target audience? How are the people that are featured being represented? Does this conform to dominant ideology?
  3. 3. Image Analysis
  4. 4. Photography For you main magazine project you will need to produce your own photos You will need to use at least 4 images in your final project You will need to plan your photo shoot to ensure your photographs will look right and that you make the most of your time Your photographs must fit the style of your magazine You can take photos of friends and family but think carefully if they have the right ‘look’ for your project. You might need to find models or find appropriate costumes. (Facebook group might help you here)
  5. 5. Photography Key things to consider: Shot type Camera angle Composition & framing (portrait / landscape) Mise-en-scene: Costume / clothing Body language / facial expressions Location Colour Lighting
  6. 6. Who You will need people to be in your photographs. Think about who would be willing to let you take their photograph. The person you take pictures of might need to wear something different to usual or have make-up or props. Think about where you will get these from. To gain the higher marks and give your work a more professional look you need to make sure that the models look ‘right’. Most magazines will feature more than one artist so take pictures of more than one person. This is especially important for contents pages.
  7. 7. Where The location for your photo shoot is important. Think about the photography in the type of magazine you are making and where it is taken. You might be able to find suitable locations around college or you might need to go further away to get the pictures you need. If you need or want to use a room in college then it will have to be booked so you need to plan ahead. Think about the composition of your shot. What you leave out is just as important as what you leave in.
  8. 8. When Planning a day for your photographs to be taken is important but so is the time you take them. Will you need the location you use to be light or do you want it to be dark when you take the photographs? The weather is not good at the moment so you need to think about how this might affect your plans. Also the time of day could affect how many people are moving around the location, especially in college. Think ahead so you don’t waste time.
  9. 9. How Look closely at the photography in your chosen magazines and think about the composition and the mise en scene. Make sure you have plans for the shots you want based on the style of the magazine you are making. Draw up the shots first and make sure you stick to them. Take reference material if you need it. Get all the shots you planned for first and then any extra time can be used to experiment.
  10. 10. Terms Some terms you could use to describe the photography in your magazine to help you explain what you are trying to achieve: Candid/Naturalistic: Photographs that are not obviously posed Posed: Photographs that have been posed for Live: Photographs that involve the band/artist performing Studio: Photographs taken in a photography studio High key: Photographs which are very bright overall Low key: Photographs which are dark overall
  11. 11. Terms Colourful: Photographs which contain a lot of colour Monochromatic: Photographs which contain only one colour or are black and white Busy: Photographs that are busy contain lots of visual information Passive: Photographs which contain limited visual information
  12. 12. MCU – medium close up MLS – medium long shot CU - close up LS – long shot MS – mid shot ELS – extra long shot
  13. 13. Composition • The composition of an image is simply what it is made up of. An image will display a series of objects or people, and when referring to its composition we look at their arrangement within the picture. • Often we infer meaning through two objects relationship with each other: • Is one depicted as larger? • More central? • How much space is there surrounding the objects? • Is one in the foreground / background?
  14. 14. The Rule of Thirds • Images are usually composed around the 'rule of thirds'. The rule of thirds divides the frame into thirds both horizontally and vertically. • The points where the vertical and horizontal lines cross are said to be aesthetically pleasing spots to place subjects or to have perspective lines converge
  15. 15. Depth of field The distance through which elements in an image are in sharp focus. Shallow Depth of Field: The camera focuses on specific objects , the rest of the frame is blurry Deep Focus: Describes a scene that is kept in sharp focus, from close-up to the furthest plane
  16. 16. Mise en scene Look closely at the mise en scene to help you plan your own photographs. Make notes on the location, costume, model and composition Think about how you plan to use the photograph in your final piece. Does it need to be portrait or landscape format?