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SURVIVAL A2            ENGLISHUSING MODAL VERBS TO EXPRESS ABILITY
FUNCTION
FUNCTIONAbility:
FUNCTIONAbility:We use the modal verbs“can” and “can’t” to talkabout our ability to dosomething:
FUNCTIONAbility:                    CanWe use the modal verbs“can” and “can’t” to talkabout our ability to dosomething:
FUNCTIONAbility:                    Can   CanWe use the modal verbs“can” and “can’t” to talkabout our ability to dosomethi...
FUNCTIONAbility:                      Can   CanWe use the modal verbs“can” and “can’t” to talkabout our ability to dosomet...
FORM
FORMJennifer can   skate.
FORMJennifer can    skate.Rachael can’t     skate.
FORMJennifer can    skate.                           Subject + modal + base verbRachael can’t     skate.
FORMJennifer can    skate.                           Subject + modal + base verb                           Jennifer       ...
FORMJennifer can    skate.                           Subject + modal + base verb                           Jennifer   can ...
FORMJennifer can    skate.                           Subject + modal + base verb                           Jennifer   can ...
FORMJennifer can    skate.                           Subject + modal + base verb                           Jennifer       ...
QUESTION FORM
QUESTION FORMModal + subject   + base verb
QUESTION FORMModal + subject   + base verbCanCan’t
QUESTION FORMModal + subject    + base verbCan     JenniferCan’t   Rachael
QUESTION FORMModal + subject    + base verbCan     Jennifer     skate?Can’t   Rachael      skate?
SHORT ANSWER FORM
SHORT ANSWER FORMCan    Jennifer   skate?
SHORT ANSWER FORMCan    Jennifer        skate?       Yes, she can.
SHORT ANSWER FORMCan       Jennifer        skate?          Yes, she can.  Can’t     Rachael skate?
SHORT ANSWER FORMCan       Jennifer        skate?          Yes, she can.  Can’t     Rachael skate?          No, she can’t.
EXAMPLES
EXAMPLESYou can use my car.
EXAMPLESYou can use my car.        Thanks, but I can’t   drive.
EXAMPLESYou can use my car.        Thanks, but I can’t   drive.Can you help me move on Saturday?
EXAMPLESYou can use my car.        Thanks, but I can’t   drive. Can you help me move on Saturday?       Yes, I can actuall...
Exclusive use for:                THE KENNEDY INSTITUTE                       End of PresentationNo part of this presentat...
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  1. 1. SURVIVAL A2 ENGLISHUSING MODAL VERBS TO EXPRESS ABILITY
  2. 2. FUNCTION
  3. 3. FUNCTIONAbility:
  4. 4. FUNCTIONAbility:We use the modal verbs“can” and “can’t” to talkabout our ability to dosomething:
  5. 5. FUNCTIONAbility: CanWe use the modal verbs“can” and “can’t” to talkabout our ability to dosomething:
  6. 6. FUNCTIONAbility: Can CanWe use the modal verbs“can” and “can’t” to talkabout our ability to dosomething:
  7. 7. FUNCTIONAbility: Can CanWe use the modal verbs“can” and “can’t” to talkabout our ability to dosomething:We use “can” and “can’t” toexpress abilities that aregenerally true in thepresent.
  8. 8. FORM
  9. 9. FORMJennifer can skate.
  10. 10. FORMJennifer can skate.Rachael can’t skate.
  11. 11. FORMJennifer can skate. Subject + modal + base verbRachael can’t skate.
  12. 12. FORMJennifer can skate. Subject + modal + base verb Jennifer RachaelRachael can’t skate.
  13. 13. FORMJennifer can skate. Subject + modal + base verb Jennifer can Rachael can’tRachael can’t skate.
  14. 14. FORMJennifer can skate. Subject + modal + base verb Jennifer can skate. Rachael can’t skate.Rachael can’t skate.
  15. 15. FORMJennifer can skate. Subject + modal + base verb Jennifer can skate. Rachael can’t skate. A base verb is the verb alone, without the infinitive (to) or conjugation. It is the simple verb you would find in theRachael can’t skate. dictionary.
  16. 16. QUESTION FORM
  17. 17. QUESTION FORMModal + subject + base verb
  18. 18. QUESTION FORMModal + subject + base verbCanCan’t
  19. 19. QUESTION FORMModal + subject + base verbCan JenniferCan’t Rachael
  20. 20. QUESTION FORMModal + subject + base verbCan Jennifer skate?Can’t Rachael skate?
  21. 21. SHORT ANSWER FORM
  22. 22. SHORT ANSWER FORMCan Jennifer skate?
  23. 23. SHORT ANSWER FORMCan Jennifer skate? Yes, she can.
  24. 24. SHORT ANSWER FORMCan Jennifer skate? Yes, she can. Can’t Rachael skate?
  25. 25. SHORT ANSWER FORMCan Jennifer skate? Yes, she can. Can’t Rachael skate? No, she can’t.
  26. 26. EXAMPLES
  27. 27. EXAMPLESYou can use my car.
  28. 28. EXAMPLESYou can use my car. Thanks, but I can’t drive.
  29. 29. EXAMPLESYou can use my car. Thanks, but I can’t drive.Can you help me move on Saturday?
  30. 30. EXAMPLESYou can use my car. Thanks, but I can’t drive. Can you help me move on Saturday? Yes, I can actually. I don’t have to work.
  31. 31. Exclusive use for: THE KENNEDY INSTITUTE End of PresentationNo part of this presentation may be printed, downloaded, copied, stored or altered without written permission of The Kennedy Institute. ®2012

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