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Ottoman Empire

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Ottoman Empire

  1. 1. The Ottoman Empire Turkey <ul><ul><li>At it’s peak: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Turkey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Egypt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greece </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bulgaria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Romania </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Macedonia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hungary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Palestine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jordan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lebanon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Syria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parts of Arabia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North Africa </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Why was the Ottoman Empire able to get so big? </li></ul><ul><li>Highly centralised </li></ul><ul><li>Power was always transferred to a single person, and not split between rival princes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Ottoman Empire was successfully ruled by a single family for 7 centuries. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>State-run education system </li></ul><ul><li>Religion was incorporated in the state structure, and the Sultan was regarded as &quot;the protector of Islam&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>State-run judicial system </li></ul><ul><li>Ruthless in dealing with local leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Promotion to positions of power largely depended on merit </li></ul><ul><li>Created alliances across political and racial groups </li></ul><ul><li>United by Islamic ideology </li></ul><ul><li>United by Islamic warrior code with ideal of increasing Muslim territory through Jihad </li></ul><ul><li>United by Islamic organisational and administrative structures </li></ul><ul><li>Highly pragmatic, taking the best ideas from other cultures and making them their own </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraged loyalty from other faith groups </li></ul><ul><li>Private power and wealth were controlled </li></ul><ul><li>Very strong military </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong slave-based army </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expert in developing gunpowder as a military tool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military ethos pervaded whole administration </li></ul></ul>JUSTICE = ADALAT
  3. 3. <ul><li>Why did it decline so rapidly? </li></ul><ul><li>European Powers wanted to expand </li></ul><ul><li>Economic problems </li></ul><ul><li>Sultans less strict </li></ul><ul><li>Series of weak Sultans </li></ul><ul><li>Stopped killing rivals to throne and put them in prison </li></ul>
  4. 4. What’s all this got to do with the Middle East … YOU TELL ME

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