The Berlin Blockade - korea - Vietnam


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A summary of the events in Berlin, Korea and Vietnam during the Cold War. This presentation is suitable for GCSE History students

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The Berlin Blockade - korea - Vietnam

  1. 1. THE COLD WAR• Truman Doctrine – Policy of Containment• Berlin Blockade• The Korean War• The Vietnam War
  2. 2. BIBLIOGRAPHY• Walsh, Ben (2004), “Modern World History”, John Murray Publishers, London•
  3. 3. END OF WWII (1945)• Two super-powers: The USA and the USSR• After freeing them from Nazi rule, Stalin made many countries in Eastern Europe Communist (The Iron Curtain)• The USA saw this with alarm The Big 3 at the Potsdam Conference
  4. 4. Greece (1946): 2 groups fighting to get the power: the Royalists and the Communists• Truman Doctrine: to send money and resources to prevent a Communist take-over• Policy of Containment: to stop the spread of Communism• Marshall Aid: $17 billion to reactivate Europe’s Economy
  5. 5. Analyse the Following Source (12-04-2012, 5:00pm)
  6. 6. Why did the USSR blockade Berlin? Stalin felt provoked by the American interest to reactivate the economy of their zone. Stalin wanted to show his authority in Berlin
  7. 7. Stalin and Truman’s choices on the matter set a PATTERN FOR THE COLD WAR The USA AND the USSR always seemed to be at the brink of a war, but they finally avoided it at all costs
  8. 8. The Korean War (A case of the pattern set in Berlin)• Korea was ruled by Japan until 1945• The Northern part was liberated by Soviets, the Southern part, by Americans• In 1950. the North-Koreans invaded the south, the UNO sent troops led by MacArthur• The USA was the biggest contributor to the UN budget, and the majority of soldiers were American
  9. 9. Analyse the Following Source
  10. 10. (The same pattern as in Berlin)• Vietnam was ruled by France until 1940 when France was defeated by Germany in WWII• Then, Japan, Germany’s ally, took control of Vietnam• During that time, a strong anti-Japanese resistance movement developed: the Viet Minh, led by Ho Chi Minh
  11. 11. At the end of WWII• The Viet Minh controlled the North of Vietnam• The French wanted to get Vietnam back• In 1946, war broke out between France and the Viet Minh until 1954 when the French were defeated because of the Vietnamese GUERRILLA TACTICS