Eoc practice questions

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Eoc practice questions

  1. 1. In order for you to be successful, we will answer and analyze these twice a week. Not only should you know the answers, but also the strategy on how to take and pass the test!!
  2. 2. EOC Practice Question #1 1. Which example best demonstrates a constitutional government? A. The rule of law is present but changing B. The rule of law is determined by congress C. Places limits on the power of elected officials D. The constitution must be in written form
  3. 3. C. Places limits on elected officials
  4. 4. EOC Practice Question #2 Which statement best describes limited government? A. A constitutional government governed by the rule of law B. A government with a written constitution C. A monarchy that allows for rule of law D. A government that suggests the Supreme Court use rule of law
  5. 5. A. A constitutional government governed by the rule of law
  6. 6. EOC Practice Question #3 “A form of government that derives its power directly or indirectly from the people, is administered by officials holding power for a limited time, and incorporates representative institutions.” -James Madison A. A constitutional government governed by the rule of law B. A government with a written constitution C. A monarchy that allows for rule of law D. A government that suggests the Supreme Court use rule of law
  7. 7. A. A constitutional government governed by the rule of law
  8. 8. EOC Practice Question #4 4. Which statement best describes a function of a written constitution? A. To insure a limited government B. To outline the role of the president, congress, and Supreme Court C. To require the consent of the people on all legislation D. Provide guidelines for all elected officials
  9. 9. A. To insure a limited government
  10. 10. EOC Practice Question #5 “…An individual citizen dedicated to the common welfare of their community, even at personal cost.” What term best describes the information in the above statement? A. Republic B. Natural Rights C. Civic virtue D. Classical virtue
  11. 11. C. Civic virtue
  12. 12. EOC Practice Question #6 Identify, which is not a characteristic of classical republicanism. A. Small uniform communities B. Citizenship C. Civic virtue D. Natural rights
  13. 13. D. Natural rights Classical Republicanism: is an early theory of democracy that holds that the best kind of government is one that promotes the "common good" and the welfare of an entire society. Its characteristics include civic virtue, moral education, and small, uniform communities. The earliest examples can be found in the governments of ancient Greece and Rome.
  14. 14. EOC Practice Question #7 Which trait is not exclusively associated with the concept of common good? A. Doing what is best for society as a whole B. A philosophy common to ancient Rome C. Permitting individuals to profit from public office if it helps others D. Teaching citizens to work for the benefit of society.
  15. 15. C. Permitting individuals to profit from public office if it helps others
  16. 16. EOC Practice Question #8 “Inalienable rights are inherent to each individual, regardless of wealth, social status, or birth.” Analyze the above statement in the chart and predict how it would impact government. A. Wealth and social status would determine your rights B. All citizens would be treated equally C. Citizens from foreign countries would not receive equal rights D. All individuals are entitled to pursue wealth
  17. 17. B. All citizens would be treated equally
  18. 18. EOC Practice Question #9 Identify, which phrase best explains popular sovereignty. A. The ultimate political authority rests with the people B. The ultimate political authority rests with the majority party C. The will of the majority determines political authority D. All bills must be submitted to the people
  19. 19. A. The ultimate political authority rests with the people
  20. 20. EOC Practice Question #10 Which of these is the main function of common law? A. To increase the legal power of the nobility B. To create laws that only apply to the common citizen C. To create a council of common citizens and nobility to rule on laws D. To create laws that would be applied consistently by royal judges
  21. 21. D. To create laws that would be applied consistently by royal judges
  22. 22. EOC Practice Question #11 Which is an effect of the Magna Carta? A. All individuals were given increased rights B. The charter did not grant new rights C. The charter only describes the relationship between the Crown and clergy D. Proclaim certain liberties and limit the authority of the king
  23. 23. D. Proclaim certain liberties and limit the authority of the king
  24. 24. EOC Practice Question #12 Identify the best example of rule of law. A. Every member of society must obey the law B. Officials may establish rules for the country C. Every member of society can petition against a law D. Individuals may force congress to create a law by petition
  25. 25. A. Every member of society must obey the law
  26. 26. EOC Practice Question #13 What statement best describes the Mayflower Compact? A. This document created a comprehensive government B. This document was the first to guarantee equal rights for women C. Was a covenant created in England before the Mayflower sailed D. Was an early example of social contract theory
  27. 27. D. Was an early example of social contract theory
  28. 28. EOC Practice Question #14 Identify the effect checks and balances have on the legislative process. A. It distributes power so that one branch or official can’t dominate others. B. It requires revenue bills to start in the Senate C. Popular sovereignty and the will of the people comes first D. Legislative supremacy is maintained
  29. 29. A. It distributes power so that one branch or official can’t dominate others.
  30. 30. EOC Practice Question #15 Which statement best summarizes the Articles of Confederation? A. A constitution giving total power to the federal government B. Adopted by the First Continental Congress C. The first constitution of the United States D. The first constitution to give the federal government power to tax individuals
  31. 31. C. The first constitution of the United States
  32. 32. EOC Practice Question #16 “Proportional representation is a democratic system which aims to represent the will of the population in the legislature by proportional support. The goal of proportional representation is to more accurately reflect the political inclinations of the population.” Wisegeek.com Based on the above definition, what is the purpose of proportional representation? A. To ensure the political will of one district is implemented B. To better represent the political, social, and economic views in the legislature C. To reflect the political views, and ensure passage of laws to benefit a state D. To ensure the smaller states equal representation
  33. 33. B. To better represent the political, social, and economic views in the legislature
  34. 34. EOC Practice Question #17 Identify, which phrase best describes the Great Compromise. A. A bicameral congress, the House based on state population, the Senate, representation would be equal for each state B. A bicameral congress, whereby representation would be based on the state’s population C. The will of the majority within each state determines the number of representatives and senators. D. A bicameral congress, whereby representation within the House and Senate is determined by population
  35. 35. A. A bicameral congress, the House based on state population, the Senate, representation would be equal for each state
  36. 36. EOC Practice Question #18 Identify the constitutional function of the Electoral College. A. Determines who will represent each political party in a national election B. Determines who will become president in case of a tie C. Represents the popular vote after a presidential election D. Determines who will be president
  37. 37. D. Determines who will be president
  38. 38. EOC Practice Question #19 The state of Missouri feels that the federal government should help pay for the renovations to Interstate 70. Which term best describes this political philosophy? A. Executive order B. Delegate power C. Shared powers D. Eminent domain
  39. 39. C. Shared powers
  40. 40. Ex post facto law: A law that makes illegal an act that was legal when committed, increases the penalties for an infraction after it has already been committed, or changes the rules of evidence to make conviction easier. The Constitution prohibits ex post facto law.
  41. 41. EOC Practice Question #20 Identify the best example of an ex post facto law. A. The new 55 mph speed limit on interstate highways goes into effect on Wednesday. Fred Fern was given a speeding ticket the preceding Tuesday. B. The new 55 mph speed limit on interstate highways goes into effect on Wednesday. Fred Fern was given a speeding ticket on the following Thursday. C. The new 55 mph speed limit law must be posted for seven months before a ticket may be issued. D. The new 55 mph speed limit on interstate highways allows each person to be given one warning before issuing a ticket.
  42. 42. A. The new 55 mph speed limit on interstate highways goes into effect on Wednesday. Fred Fern was given a speeding ticket the preceding Tuesday.
  43. 43. Bill of Attainder: A legislative act that singles out an individual or group for punishment without a trial.
  44. 44. EOC Practice Question #21 Choose the best example of a bill of attainder. A. The president signed a bill which would make entering this country illegally a federal crime, and all individuals caught would be sent to prison without a trial. B. The president signed a bill which would make entering this country illegally a federal crime, and all individuals caught would be tried and sent to prison. C. Congress passed a bill, which would make entering this country illegally a federal crime, and all individuals caught would be sent to prison without a trial. D. The president has asked Congress to pass a bill, which would make entering this country illegally a federal crime, and all individuals caught would be sent to prison without a trial.
  45. 45. A. The president signed a bill which would make entering this country illegally a federal crime, and all individuals caught would be sent to prison without a trial.
  46. 46. EOC Practice Question #22 What statement best describes the impact of the supremacy clause? A. Allows the Supreme Court to rule that state laws may take precedent over federal laws B. Allows Congress the authority to create state laws C. Allows the president and Congress to create state laws D. Places federal law above individual state laws
  47. 47. D. Places federal law above individual state laws
  48. 48. EOC Practice Question #23 Identify the statement that best defines a tariff. A. A tax on goods moving between states B. A tax or duty on imported or exported goods C. A tax placed on goods manufactured within the states by the federal government D. A tax used by the states against foreign governments to protect goods manufactured within their state
  49. 49. B. A tax or duty on imported or exported goods
  50. 50. EOC Practice Question #24 24. “If you make the citizens of this country agree to become the subjects of one great consolidated empire of America, your government will not have sufficient energy to keep them together.” Select the political philosophy, which best fits the above quote by Patrick Henry. A. Federalists B. Natural rights C. Anti-Federalists D. Strict Constructionists
  51. 51. C. Anti-Federalists
  52. 52. EOC Practice Question #25 Which statement best describes the Bill of Rights? A. A list of basic rights that the federal government may not interfere with and must protect B. A list of basic rights that state governments may not interfere with and must protect C. The first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, which determines what laws each state may create D. A list of basic rights that neither the federal government nor states may amend
  53. 53. D. A list of basic rights that neither the federal government nor states may amend
  54. 54. EOC Practice Question #26 Which sentence best identifies the Federalists philosophy? A. Urged ratification of the U.S. Constitution and a weak central government B. Urged ratification of the U.S. Constitution because it allowed the states to keep their power C. Urged ratification of the U.S. Constitution and a strong central government D. Were opposed to ratification of the U.S. Constitution because it allowed for a strong central government
  55. 55. C. Urged ratification of the U.S. Constitution and a strong central government
  56. 56. EOC Practice Question #27 Which example best illustrates the principle of judicial review? A. A constitutional government governed by the rule of law B. A government with a written constitution C. A monarchy that allows for rule of law D. A government that suggests the Supreme Court use rule of law
  57. 57. D. A government that suggests the Supreme Court use rule of law
  58. 58. EOC Practice Question #28 “An organization whose aim is to gain control of the government apparatus, usually through the election of its candidates to public office.” . What term best summarizes the above Columbia Encyclopedia quote? A. party platform B. patriots C. political party D. equality of opportunity
  59. 59. C. political party
  60. 60. EOC Practice Question #29 "They say that the Negroes are very well contented in ... slavery.... Suppose it were the fact the black man was contented...to see his wife sold on the auction-block or his daughter violated.... I say that is the heaviest condemnation of the institution, that slavery should blot out a man's manhood so as to make him contented to accept this degradation, and such an institution ought to be swept from the face of the earth."
- J. Sella Martin Read and analyze the above and identify which political group would have endorsed this philosophy. A. seditionists B. abolitionists C. Southern democrats D. All members of the Republican Party
  61. 61. B. abolitionists
  62. 62. EOC Practice Question #30 Which action best describes the impact of secession? A. The western states recognized the secession B. President Lincoln recognized the secession C. The South traded with fewer northern states D. The South claimed to be a sovereign nation
  63. 63. D. The South claimed to be a sovereign nation
  64. 64. EOC Practice Question #31 Which of these is the main function of due process of law? A. To increase the political rights of all citizens B. To create laws that focus on criminal rights C. The right to “ban” all evidence not obtained with a warrant D. The right to be treated fairly by government, law enforcement, and the courts
  65. 65. D. The right to be treated fairly by government, law enforcement, and the courts
  66. 66. EOC Practice Question #32 Which is an example of fundamental rights? A. Being represented in court by an attorney B. Basic rights to life, liberty, and property C. Those rights outlined in the Fourteenth Amendment D. Those rights outlined in the First Amendment
  67. 67. B. Basic rights to life, liberty, and property
  68. 68. EOC Practice Question #33 Identify the best definition of substantive due process. A. The content of all laws must be fair and reasonable B. State and federal government must respect all laws C. All First Amendment laws must be specific D. The principles of the First Amendment require laws must be reasonable
  69. 69. A. The content of all laws must be fair and reasonable
  70. 70. EOC Practice Question #34 Which statement best describes the impact of separate but equal? A. It allowed state laws to discriminate against blacks B. It required state law to legally have separate laws for all minorities C. It required states to have separate facilities for blacks D. It required states to have separate facilities for blacks and females
  71. 71. A. It allowed state laws to discriminate against blacks
  72. 72. EOC Practice Question #35 Which definition best explains a “bill”? A. A proposed law that has been submitted to either the House or Senate B. Proposed legislation that is supported by both houses of Congress C. Proposed legislation that is supported by all members of the House and Senate D. A proposed law submitted by citizens or a member of Congress
  73. 73. A. A proposed law that has been submitted to either the House or Senate
  74. 74. EOC Practice Question #36 “Administration of a government chiefly through bureaus or departments staffed with nonelected officials.” -American Heritage Identify the term which best describes the American Heritage definition. A. executive branch B. legislative branch C. federalism D. bureaucracy
  75. 75. D. bureaucracy
  76. 76. EOC Practice Question #37 . In Article II, Section 2, of the U.S. Constitution, "The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States." As commander in chief, the president has the authority to place U.S. military forces on alert and to authorize military force.” What phrase best describes the power of the president as commander in chief? A. The president’s control of the military is limited to the militia. B. The president must have authority from congress to use military force. C. The president is the highest-ranking person of all military forces. D. Authorization of military force by the president must be approved by the Joint Chief of Staff.
  77. 77. C. The president is the highestranking person of all military forces.
  78. 78. EOC Practice Question #38 Which action best describes the concept of federalism? A. The passage of No Child Left Behind B. Missouri requiring helmets to ride a motorcycle through the state C. The federal government forcing states to set a standard speed limit on the interstate D. Revenue sharing of federal tax dollars
  79. 79. D. Revenue sharing of federal tax dollars
  80. 80. EOC Practice Question #39 Which statement best explains implied powers? A. Specific powers that apply to each state B. Powers which are granted only to the Senate C. Powers which are granted only to the president and the Senate D. Powers not expressly stated but are inferred from stated powers
  81. 81. D. Powers not expressly stated but are inferred from stated powers
  82. 82. EOC Practice Question #40 Which statement best summarizes the concept of jurisdiction? A. The power or authority to hear cases and make decisions B. Courts may choose if they want to hear a federal or state case. C. The type of case a court will hear is based on where the court is located. D. Federal courts will always have original jurisdiction over state law.
  83. 83. A. The power or authority to hear cases and make decisions
  84. 84. EOC Practice Question #41 Identify the best description of lobbying. A. A group or individual attempting to impact legislation by influencing legislators B. A group of individuals hired by a legislator to research a bill C. A group or individual hired by an organization to promote the common good D. Individuals, located in the halls of congress, who are hired to help congressmen
  85. 85. A. A group or individual attempting to impact legislation by influencing legislators
  86. 86. EOC Practice Question #42 What statement best describes original jurisdiction? A. The first court to hear a case from a lower court. B. The individual or group who first submits a case for litigation C. The authority of a court to initially hear a case D. The authority of a court to hold a trial
  87. 87. C. The authority of a court to initially hear a case
  88. 88. EOC Practice Question #43 . “The indirect veto of a bill received by the President within ten days of the adjournment of Congress, effected by retaining the bill unsigned until Congress adjourns.” Identify the term, which best fits, the above definition. A. veto B. pocket pardon C. pocket veto D. executive veto
  89. 89. C. pocket veto
  90. 90. EOC Practice Question #44 Which phrase best describes de facto segregation? A. Any form of segregation mandated by law B. Groups of individuals who choose to be separate from society C. Any form of segregation not mandated by law D. Groups of individuals who are separate from society because of local law
  91. 91. C. Any form of segregation not mandated by law
  92. 92. EOC Practice Question #45 Which phrase best describes the purpose of civil disobedience? A. Political and social law that economically discriminate B. Nonviolent refusal to obey Federal laws that are believed to be unjust C. Nonviolent refusal to obey laws that are believed to be unjust D. Nonviolent refusal to obey laws ruled unconstitutional by the courts
  93. 93. EOC Practice Question #46 Which phrase best illustrates the definition of eminent domain? A. The power of the state or federal government to take private land without the owner’s consent B. The power of the federal government to take private land without the owner’s consent C. The power of the state government to take private land without the owner’s consent D. The taking of private land for public and nonfinancial use
  94. 94. A. The power of the state or federal government to take private land without the owner’s consent
  95. 95. EOC Practice Question #47 Which phrase best summarizes the concept of immigration? A. An individual moving from one country to another B. An individual from one country applying for citizenship in another country C. The government from one nation asking a citizen to move to their country D. The movement of a citizen from one state to another
  96. 96. B. An individual from one country applying for citizenship in another country
  97. 97. EOC Practice Question #48 Which example best illustrates the process of naturalization? A. Sam Smith entered America and completed the naturalization exam B. Sam Smith immigrated to America, completed residency, and passed the naturalization test C. Sam Smith was born in America, lived in France for two years, returned and passed the nationalization exam D. Sam Smith immigrated to America, completed residency, passed the language and naturalization test
  98. 98. D. Sam Smith immigrated to America, completed residency, passed the language and naturalization test
  99. 99. EOC Practice Question #49 Identify a possible positive effect of the United Nations A. Countries have a location to resolve disputes rather than going to war B. All member countries must resolve their disputes with the Security Council C. All member countries must follow the decision of the Security Council, thus preventing war D. Since its beginning in 1945, member nations have not had a military conflict
  100. 100. A. Countries have a location to resolve disputes rather than going to war
  101. 101. EOC Practice Question #50 Which statement best illustrates the importance of voter registration? A. It prevents people who do not pay property and school tax from voting B. It ensures that the voting process will be efficient and quick C. It prevents a citizen from voting multiple times D. It guarantees only resident U.S. citizens can vote
  102. 102. C. It prevents a citizen from voting multiple times
  103. 103. EOC Practice Question #51 Irving Washington believes every citizen is entitled to change unjust laws and policies. What term best describes his philosophy? A. Dissent B. Classical republicanism C. Social action D. Right violent dissent
  104. 104. C. Social action
  105. 105. EOC Practice Question #52 Which phrase best summarizes the New Jersey Plan? A. A unicameral legislature based upon each state’s population B. A bicameral legislature having veto power C. A bicameral legislature with each state having equal representation D. A unicameral legislature having judicial review
  106. 106. C. A bicameral legislature with each state having equal representation
  107. 107. EOC Practice Question #53 “This law created the Judicial Branch of the federal government. Among the things provided for in the Act were: the number of members of the Supreme Court, number of district courts, the Supreme court may settle disputes between states, and the decisions of the Supreme court were final.” What term best matches the above definition? A. Article III, U.S. Constitution B. Supremacy clause C. The Judiciary Act of 1789 D. The Tenth Amendment, U.S. Constitution
  108. 108. C. The Judiciary Act of 1789
  109. 109. EOC Practice Question #54 Identify the best definition of “ratify.” A. To receive a 75 percent approval from congress B. To approve a presidential nomination C. To require senate approval before nominating an individual to the Supreme Court D. To confirm or approve
  110. 110. D. To confirm or approve
  111. 111. EOC Practice Question #55 Identify the importance of Marbury vs. Madison. A. It established the Supreme Court’s power of judicial review B. It established the Supreme Court’s authority over state law C. It incorporated the rights of the Amendments into state law D. It forced state law to comply with federal law
  112. 112. A. It established the Supreme Court’s power of judicial review
  113. 113. EOC Practice Question #56 “Rights to personal liberty established by the 13th and 14th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution and certain Congressional acts, especially as applied to an individual or a minority group.” Dictionary.com Read and analyze the above definition. Which term best summarizes this statement. A. Political rights B. Civil rights C. De facto social rights D. De facto social and political rights
  114. 114. B. Civil rights
  115. 115. EOC Practice Question #57 “A process in which an individual may give up their citizenship or a naturalized citizen may have his/her citizenship taken away.” Read and analyze the above definition. What is the best term that fits the selection above? A. Denaturalization B. Naturalization C. Deportation D. Deportation of a native born citizen
  116. 116. A. Denaturalization
  117. 117. EOC Practice Question #58 Which phrase best illustrates the philosophy of civic responsibility? A. The drive to take part in formal and informal activities within the community, state, and federal arenas B. To donate all of your land to the community, state, or federal government if it will benefit society C. Voting for a member of your political party even if you disagree with his/her position D. Voting party lines to ensure that the other party never wins
  118. 118. A. The drive to take part in formal and informal activities within the community, state, and federal arenas
  119. 119. EOC Practice Question #59 Which statement is the best example of an economic right? A. The rights included within the market system B. The process of being a better citizen by serving one’s own interests C. All of the rights that allow you to make a living without government interference D. Most rights within the first ten Amendments which allow a citizen to earn a living, acquire property, buy and sell goods and services
  120. 120. D. Most rights within the first ten Amendments which allow a citizen to earn a living, acquire property, buy and sell goods and services
  121. 121. EOC Practice Question #60 Which three categories best summarize the rights afforded citizens of the United States? A. Religious, political, and economic B. Personal, political, and economic C. Religious, personal, and economic D. Constitutional, political, and economic
  122. 122. D. Constitutional, political, and economic
  123. 123. EOC Practice Question #61 Which of these is the main function of the legislative branch? A.To make laws B.To enforce laws C.To define laws D.To interpret laws
  124. 124. To make laws
  125. 125. EOC Practice Question #62 State Populations Texas: 23,507,783 Florida: 18,089,880 Michigan: 10,095,643 Missouri: 5,842,713 According to the chart, which state has the largest delegation in the United States House of Representatives? A. Missouri B. Florida C. Michigan D. Texas
  126. 126. Texas
  127. 127. EOC Practice Question #63 Which best explains why groups may hold meetings to discuss unpopular ideas in the United States? A.State laws allow their actions B.Executive orders protect their actions C.Constitutional rights protect their actions D.Municipal ordinances permit their actions.
  128. 128. Constitutional rights protect their actions
  129. 129. EOC Practice Question #64 2000 Presidential Election Percentage of Eligible Voters Who Cast a Ballot 18-24 Years Old 29% All Voters 55% Which of these can best be concluded from the information in the chart? A. Many American did not know their political rights. B. Many college students volunteered in their communities. C. Many young people neglected their civic responsibilities. D. Many American citizens actively participated in civic life.
  130. 130. Many young people neglected their civic responsibilities.
  131. 131. EOC Practice Question #65 Mason thinks he has a great idea for a law. What is the best action for Mason to take to get the law passed? A.Post his opinions on a website. B. Talk with his best friend about his idea. C. Write a letter to the editor or the local paper. D.Contact his representative in Congress about his idea.
  132. 132. Contact his representative in Congress about his idea.
  133. 133. EOC Practice Question #66 Which example best demonstrates a change in government involvement in the economy? A.Involvement in the United Nations B.Creation of the Social Security Administration C.Deployment of military troops D.Implementation of the Voting Rights Act
  134. 134. Creation of the Social Security Administration
  135. 135. EOC Practice Question #67 Which is the result of having a political system dominated by two political parties? A.It is easier to obtain a majority of votes B.There is less confusion in the primaries C.There are fewer legal challenges to elections D.It increases voter turnout
  136. 136. It increases voter turnout
  137. 137. EOC Practice Question #68 The Articles of Confederation represented the A.Rejection of weaknesses in the Bill of Rights B. First attempt at self-government in the United States C. Acceptance of British rule in the colonies D.Early effort to improve United States ties to other nations
  138. 138. First attempt at self-government in the United States
  139. 139. EOC Practice Question #69 Which issue is exclusively the responsibility of federal law? A.Driver’s licenses B.Gun control C.Teaching certifications D.Counterfeit money
  140. 140. Counterfeit money
  141. 141. EOC Practice Question #70 Congress is prohibited from establishing an official religion by the A.First Amendment B.Second Amendment C.Fourth Amendment D.Fifth Amendment
  142. 142. First Amendment
  143. 143. EOC Practice Question #71 Which person is a member of the legislative branch? A.President B.Speaker of the House C.Secretary of Education D.Ambassador to the United Nations
  144. 144. Speaker of the house
  145. 145. EOC Practice Question #72 Which feature of ancient Rome made it a republic? A.Absence of a king or emperor B. Rule by elected representatives C. Right to speak in civic gatherings D.Equality for all adult male citizens
  146. 146. Rule by elected representatives
  147. 147. EOC Practice Question #73 The expansion of suffrage in the United States best illustrates society’s changing views of A.Civil rights B. Limited government C. Popular sovereignty D.Due process of law
  148. 148. Civil rights
  149. 149. EOC Practice Question #74 Which part of the Connecticut (or Great) Compromise benefits states with smaller populations? A.Each state has two representatives B. The Senate ratifies all treaties with foreign nations C. All bills for spending money must originate in the House of Representatives D.A state’s population determines how many members it has in the House of Representatives.
  150. 150. Each state has two representatives
  151. 151. EOC Practice Question #75 Mexico has a governmental system in which the power is divided between the national government and each state. Based on the information above, what type of government system does Mexico have? A.Capitalism B.Communism C.Federalism D.Totalitarianism
  152. 152. Federalism
  153. 153. EOC Practice Question #76 • 1980: Candy Lightner establishes Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) to advocate for stronger drunk driving laws • 1988: Minimum drinking age set at twenty-one in all fifty states • 1992: Alcohol-related driving deaths drop 26 percent since 1984 The best title for the chart is A. The Critical Need for Federal Speed Limit Reform B. The Growing Problem of Drunk Driving in the United States C. Why Alcohol Advertising Needs to Be Banned D. How an Individual Citizen Helped Improve Community Safety
  154. 154. How an Individual Citizen Helped Improve Community Safety
  155. 155. EOC Practice Question #77 Which statement best describes a function of interest groups? A. They nominate candidates to run for elected office B. They attempt to override presidential actions by protesting C. They advocate for citizens who have similar ideas about issues D. They organize public education forums to raise money for a cause
  156. 156. They advocate for citizens who have similar ideas about issues
  157. 157. EOC Practice Question #78 Enlightenment-era political philosophers such as Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, and Montesquieu A. Rejected governmental policies that allowed the expansion of property rights B. Adhered to traditional social customs in the creation of governmental offices C. Emphasized governmental structures based on reason and social programs D. Pursued strict obedience to religious scripture in governmental affairs
  158. 158. Emphasized governmental structures based on reason and social programs
  159. 159. EOC Practice Question #79 Which of these circumstances illustrates a danger of majority rule? A.A law is ruled unconstitutional by a judge B. A law is used to oppress a group of people C. A petition is signed by many people D.A prisoner is wrongly let out of prison
  160. 160. A law is used to oppress a group of people
  161. 161. EOC Practice Question #80 Mr. Leonard was not required to testify at his own trial for armed robbery. This is known as A.Right to legal counsel B. Right against false testimony C. Right to legal privacy D.Right against self-incrimination
  162. 162. Right against self-incrimination
  163. 163. EOC Practice Question #81 Which of these received increase authority under the reserved powers clause of the US Constitution? A.States B.Congress C.Businesses D.Supreme Court
  164. 164. States
  165. 165. EOC Practice Question #82 Some people believe that the Supreme Court has too much power because justices A.Accumulate great sums of campaign contributions B. Can ignore the outcome of confirmation hearings C. Issue decisions in cases brought to them D.Serve until they die or choose to retire
  166. 166. Serve until they die or choose to retire
  167. 167. EOC Practice Question #83 Which headline best illustrates an example of checks and balances? A.“President to Seek Second Term” B.“House Passes Tax Legislation” C.“Senate Confirms New Chief Justice” D.“Supreme Court Rejects Case”
  168. 168. “Senate Confirms New Chief Justice”
  169. 169. EOC Practice Question #84 “Government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth” -President Abraham Lincoln, 1863 Which is the best conclusion about President Lincoln’s quotation? A. He believed all men are created equal B. He intended to be reelected C. He supported a republic D. He was against slavery
  170. 170. He supported a republic
  171. 171. EOC Practice Question #85 The most important role of the Electoral College is to A.Nominate candidates to local offices and Congress B. Vote for the president and vice president C. Settle national elections in case of a tie D.Educate voter prior to an election
  172. 172. Vote for the president and vice president
  173. 173. EOC Practice Question #86 Chris challenged the law in his home state that allowed the chief of police to identify him as “a dangerous driver” based on observation. This classification denied him the right to renew his driver’s license. Chris successfully argued that he was entitled to a hearing before the state could post his name on the dangerous driver list. Which constitutional principle does the scenario represent? A. Judicial review B. Due process of law C. Popular sovereignty D. Checks and balances
  174. 174. Due process of law
  175. 175. EOC Practice Question #87 Which activity of an interest group for teachers would have the most significant political impact? A. Providing legal advice for members who feel their rights have been violated B. Ensuring that continuing education is provided for experienced educators C. Providing instructors with lesson plans that align with curriculum D. Lobbying elected officials to enact new education laws
  176. 176. Lobbying elected officials to enact new education laws
  177. 177. EOC Practice Question #88 “No freeman shall be taken, or imprisoned,…or in any way harmed…save by the lawful judgment of his peers, or by the law of the land… To none will we sell, to none deny or delay, right or justice.” -Magna Carta, 1215 According to the statement in the chart, which constitutional guarantee is most related to the Magna Carta? A. Rights to bear arms B. Rights of the accused C. Rights of former slaves D. Rights of the convicted
  178. 178. Rights of the accused
  179. 179. EOC Practice Question #89 In order for a bill to become law, what happens after both houses of Congress pass it? A.The president signs it B. The Supreme Court reviews it C. The president vetoes it D.The Supreme Court interprets it
  180. 180. The president signs it
  181. 181. EOC Practice Question #90 “It is equally evident, that the members of each department should be as little dependent as possible on those of the others…Were the executive magistrate, or the judges, not independent of the legislature in this particular, their independence in every other would be merely nominal.” -Federalist No. 51 Which constitutional principle is described in the quotation? A. Federalism B. Due process C. Judicial review D. Separation of powers
  182. 182. Separation of powers
  183. 183. EOC Practice Question #91 What happens when a state law conflicts with a federal law? A.The federal government can penalize the state B. The federal government must change its law C. The state government can enforce its own law D.The state must yield to the federal government
  184. 184. The state must yield to the federal government
  185. 185. EOC Practice Question #92 “The most powerful, and perhaps the only, means of interesting men in the welfare of their country which we still possess is to make them partakers in the government.” -Alexis de Tocqueville Which statement best reflects Tocqueville’s point of view? A. Becoming involved in society will make businesses prosper B. Taking an active role in society will help promote contributions to a nation C. Encouraging people to become involved in communities will improve schools D. Participating in the creation of legislation is particularly important for young citizens
  186. 186. Taking an active role in society will help promote contributions to a nation
  187. 187. EOC Practice Question #93 Which executive action best demonstrates a check on legislative branch power? A.The Senate rejects a Supreme Court nominee B. The Supreme Court overturns a presidential pardon C. The president vetoes a bill passed by Congress D.The Speaker of the House consults with the vice president
  188. 188. The president vetoes a bill passed by Congress
  189. 189. EOC Practice Question #94 • Under the Articles of Confederation, taxes were applied by Congress and collected by the states. • Under the Constitution, taxes are both applied and collected by Congress. Which of these best describes the change in government reflected in the chart? A.Reducing duties of the executive branch B. Reducing duties of the legislative branch C. Expanding political power of state governments D.Expanding political power of the national government
  190. 190. Expanding political power of the national government
  191. 191. EOC Practice Question #95 In a presidential form of government, the head of the executive branch is A. Elected independently from the legislative branch and serves a fixed term B. Selected from the legislative branch and serves an indefinite term C. Elected to become the ruling member of the legislature and serves a fixed term D. Selected by the legislature to rule independently and serves and indefinite term
  192. 192. Elected independently from the legislative branch and serves a fixed term
  193. 193. EOC Practice Question #96 Which of these situations illustrates citizens responsibly practicing the freedoms of a democratic society? A. Melissa loudly argues with the grocery store manager about high food prices B. Lindsay falsely accuses Jim of reckless driving in the local newspaper C. Billy celebrates homecoming by honking his car horn in a residential neighborhood at midnight D. Miko and some friends picket the local shoe factory because of recent layoffs
  194. 194. Miko and some friends picket the local shoe factory because of recent layoffs
  195. 195. EOC Practice Question #97 Which interest group would most likely oppose eliminating the social security system? A.National Rifle Association (NRA) B.American Federation of Labor (AFL) C.Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) D.American Association of Retired Persons (AARP)
  196. 196. American Association of Retired Persons (AARP)
  197. 197. EOC Practice Question #98 Which of these is an example of popular sovereignty? A. Federal courts overrule laws passed by Congress B. Some state decided to prohibit slavery by a vote of residents C. Political parties choose presidential candidates at national conventions D. Former colonial governments declared independence from British control
  198. 198. Some state decided to prohibit slavery by a vote of residents
  199. 199. EOC Practice Question #99 Since the 1960’s, which political party in the United States most closely represents the views of conservative voters? A.Democratic Party B.Republican Party C.Socialist Party D.Green Party
  200. 200. Republican Party
  201. 201. EOC Practice Question #100 Which view of presidential power led to the TwentySecond Amendment? A. The office of the president had too much power in the nineteenth century B. Original checks and balances in the Constitution sufficiently limit the president’s power C. Congress should have more power to check the president’s power D. Term limits are needed to keep any one president from growing too powerful.
  202. 202. Term limits are needed to keep any one president from growing too powerful.

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