What is Perspective?Perspective is a way that artists can makea painting seem to have distance anddepth.The next slide shows a painting that wasdone on a flat surface, but perspectivemakes the picture look almost real.
Carlo Crivelli,The Annunciation with Saint Emidius
Lines of Perspective:When you look at a painting that has beendone in perspective, it might seem asthough you are looking through a window.Artists make the things that are supposedto be far away very small and close toeach other.
Gustave Caillebotte, Paris Street, Rainy DayIn this painting, the lines on the street and thebuildings all seem to come together in one spoton the horizon. The place where the lines meetis called the vanishing point.
The lines that go back into the vanishingpoint are called ORTHOGONAL LINES.Literally, a line which is at right angles toanother. Orthogonal lines should be drawnlightly at first. Usually most of anorthogonal line will be erased.
Optical Illusions:Perspective is an optical illusion a trick ofthe eye. At first glance, you might thinkthat what is shown in a drawing or paintingis real. This is because your brain is usedto seeing things in three dimensions.
When you firstlook at this picture,you might thinkthat it is just adrawing of peopleon the roof of abuilding. Butwhen you lookcarefully, you seethat the people aregoing around in aloop.
Playing with Perspective:By the early 20th century, artists wanted todo something new. They triedexperiments with perspective. Thispainter tried to show a mandolin frommany different angles in the samepainting. This style of painting is calledCubism.
This artistexperimented withperspective usingabstract shapes andpatterns. In thispicture, a wedge-shaped net seems asthough it is comingout of the picturetoward you. El Lissitzky, Proun 99
vocabulary: Depth—feeling of space and distance in a picture Horizon—imaginary place where the earth and sky seem to meet Optical Illusion—image that appears different than it actually is Three dimensions—any object that can be measured three ways (LxWxD Vanishing Point—imaginary spot in a picture at which all the lines in a painting seem to come together• Orthogonal Line- In linear perspective drawings, it is the line you draw from the corner of an object .