RFID and the MetricRFID and the Metric
System: Lessons to beSystem: Lessons to be
Learned?Learned?
Lori Bowen AyreLori Bow...
About MeAbout Me
Lori Bowen AyreLori Bowen Ayre
Former IT Director of Law FirmFormer IT Director of Law Firm
Technology Co...
The “Galecia” GroupThe “Galecia” Group
Galecia lived in the 13th Century, during the reign of Henry III, inGalecia lived i...
What About You?What About You?
RFID installed already today?RFID installed already today?
Looking into converting existing...
US Adopts ISO 28560-2!US Adopts ISO 28560-2!
Was hoping to come here and relish in our success butWas hoping to come here ...
US vs UK RFID MarketsUS vs UK RFID Markets
Libraries still not 100% sure about RFID for librariesLibraries still not 100% ...
RFID PenetrationRFID Penetration
in US Libraries < 10%in US Libraries < 10%
o Small percentage of US libraries using RFID ...
What I wish libraries wantedWhat I wish libraries wanted
RFID to help them doRFID to help them do
o optimize resource-shar...
RFID Standards Compliance isRFID Standards Compliance is
Important for InteroperabilityImportant for Interoperability
Vend...
Beyond the Data ModelsBeyond the Data Models
Data Model not enoughData Model not enough
SIP2 and NCIP2 aren’t enoughSIP2 a...
Open Source LMSsOpen Source LMSs
KohaKoha
Developed in 2000 in New ZealandDeveloped in 2000 in New Zealand
Designed origin...
Open Source Libraries andOpen Source Libraries and
RFIDRFID
Both products, Koha and Evergreen, have librariesBoth products...
Grand Rapids Public Library’sGrand Rapids Public Library’s
Open Source RFID SystemOpen Source RFID System
Running Evergree...
What’s Good and BadWhat’s Good and Bad
About That?About That?
GoodGood
Demonstrates initiative on part of libraryDemonstra...
Changes Resulting from OpenChanges Resulting from Open
Source LMS AdoptionSource LMS Adoption
• Software developers are ge...
RFID Challenges in U.S.RFID Challenges in U.S.
US libraries are moving to RFID but very few insist on ISOUS libraries are ...
Opportunity for InternationalOpportunity for International
SynergySynergy
Let’s build on two important initiatives:Let’s b...
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RFID and the Metric System: Lessons to be Learned?

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Presentation at the RFID in Libraries Conference held on November 15, 2012 in London. Sponsored by CILIP.

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  • Libraries still not 100% sure about RFID for libraries when the tags cost 5 cents I’ll jump in ominous rumblings: privacy, tag replacement is something better going to come along? More focus on staff workflows than self-service could be just me… automated check-in/sorting doesn’t require RFID Lack of engagement on issue library staff not well-educated on issues vendors not engaged in the same way either
  • U.S. Libraries Choosing RFID but not always for the right reasons Increase self-service – yes, it helps self-service but at what cost? Libraries can achieve high-levels of self-service with barcodes automated materials handling implementation – really unnecessary for that handle more work with existing staff – this can make a difference –it definitely has a lubricating effect on all workflows improve security for media – hmmmm, really? That ’ s what all the best libraries seem to be doing... – sadly, this happens. Here too?
  • Optimize resource-sharing workflows Owner Institution / ILL Borrowing Institution Allow for stand-alone sorting Sort by destination library, holds vs. returns, shelving location all possible without LMS Improve security of non-circulating material when LMS is down Encode ISBN to tag in anticipation of smartphone apps that could use it According to the Gartner Group  50% of smart phones will be NFC enabled by 2015. Use Set Info to reduce media handling Track number of check-outs and last check-out date According to the Gartner Group  50% of smart phones will be NFC enabled by 2015. See http://blogs.gartner.com/mark-diodati/2011/10/31/how-soon-is-now-nfc-smartphones-and-physical-access-control-systems /.
  • RFID and the Metric System: Lessons to be Learned?

    1. 1. RFID and the MetricRFID and the Metric System: Lessons to beSystem: Lessons to be Learned?Learned? Lori Bowen AyreLori Bowen Ayre Principal ConsultantPrincipal Consultant The Galecia GroupThe Galecia Group RFID in Libraries Conference, LondonRFID in Libraries Conference, London November 15, 2012November 15, 2012
    2. 2. About MeAbout Me Lori Bowen AyreLori Bowen Ayre Former IT Director of Law FirmFormer IT Director of Law Firm Technology ConsultantTechnology Consultant LibrarianLibrarian Automated Materials HandlingAutomated Materials Handling RFIDRFID Open Source LMS SoftwareOpen Source LMS Software Local RootsLocal Roots
    3. 3. The “Galecia” GroupThe “Galecia” Group Galecia lived in the 13th Century, during the reign of Henry III, inGalecia lived in the 13th Century, during the reign of Henry III, in the ancient forest of Melksham, in Wiltshire.the ancient forest of Melksham, in Wiltshire. She was married to Humphredi le Eyr.She was married to Humphredi le Eyr. Galecia owned property which she handed down to her son,Galecia owned property which she handed down to her son, Nicholas who carried on the name Eyr.Nicholas who carried on the name Eyr. Over many, many years, the name was changed to Eyre andOver many, many years, the name was changed to Eyre and finally Ayre.finally Ayre. Many years later, The Galecia Group was founded.Many years later, The Galecia Group was founded.
    4. 4. What About You?What About You? RFID installed already today?RFID installed already today? Looking into converting existing system to UKDM?Looking into converting existing system to UKDM? Thinking about ways to extend use of RFID?Thinking about ways to extend use of RFID? Considering implementing RFID for first time?Considering implementing RFID for first time? Will demand vendors provide UKDM system?Will demand vendors provide UKDM system? Will demand vendors provide BLCF support?Will demand vendors provide BLCF support?
    5. 5. US Adopts ISO 28560-2!US Adopts ISO 28560-2! Was hoping to come here and relish in our success butWas hoping to come here and relish in our success but you seem to be over it…you seem to be over it… no one here cares about data modelsno one here cares about data models all your vendors have shared their data modelsall your vendors have shared their data models Our “Our “standardstandard”” is easy to ignoreis easy to ignore ““RFID in Libraries: A recommended practice of NISO. PreparedRFID in Libraries: A recommended practice of NISO. Prepared by the NISO RFID Revision Working Group”by the NISO RFID Revision Working Group” NISO RP-6-2012NISO RP-6-2012
    6. 6. US vs UK RFID MarketsUS vs UK RFID Markets Libraries still not 100% sure about RFID for librariesLibraries still not 100% sure about RFID for libraries when the tags cost 5 cents I’ll jump inwhen the tags cost 5 cents I’ll jump in ominous rumblings: privacy, tag replacementominous rumblings: privacy, tag replacement is something better going to come along?is something better going to come along? More focus on staff workflows than self-serviceMore focus on staff workflows than self-service could be just me…could be just me… automated check-in/sorting doesn’t require RFIDautomated check-in/sorting doesn’t require RFID Lack of engagement on issueLack of engagement on issue library staff not well-educated on issueslibrary staff not well-educated on issues vendors not engaged in the same way eithervendors not engaged in the same way either
    7. 7. RFID PenetrationRFID Penetration in US Libraries < 10%in US Libraries < 10% o Small percentage of US libraries using RFID compared toSmall percentage of US libraries using RFID compared to Europe and elsewhereEurope and elsewhere o Reasons they choose RFIDReasons they choose RFID o increaseincrease self-check-out useself-check-out use o automated materials handling implementationautomated materials handling implementation o handle more work with existing staffhandle more work with existing staff o improve security for mediaimprove security for media o Keep up with the Jones’Keep up with the Jones’ o RFID still seen as a super barcodeRFID still seen as a super barcode o expensiveexpensive o somewhat riskysomewhat risky
    8. 8. What I wish libraries wantedWhat I wish libraries wanted RFID to help them doRFID to help them do o optimize resource-sharing workflowsoptimize resource-sharing workflows o untethered sortinguntethered sorting o security of non-circulating material when offlinesecurity of non-circulating material when offline o security throughout ILL life cyclesecurity throughout ILL life cycle o encode ISBN to for smartphone appsencode ISBN to for smartphone apps o use Set Info to reduce media handlinguse Set Info to reduce media handling o analyze usage (e.g. track number of check-outs andanalyze usage (e.g. track number of check-outs and last check-out, track in-library use)last check-out, track in-library use)
    9. 9. RFID Standards Compliance isRFID Standards Compliance is Important for InteroperabilityImportant for Interoperability Vendor interoperability – ability to buy tags and RFID-Vendor interoperability – ability to buy tags and RFID- enabled equipment from any vendorenabled equipment from any vendor Library interoperability – ability to read tags fromLibrary interoperability – ability to read tags from other library systemsother library systems LMS interoperability – ability to change to a new LMSLMS interoperability – ability to change to a new LMS without fear that your RFID system will breakwithout fear that your RFID system will break
    10. 10. Beyond the Data ModelsBeyond the Data Models Data Model not enoughData Model not enough SIP2 and NCIP2 aren’t enoughSIP2 and NCIP2 aren’t enough Work of BCLF to define what we need is excellentWork of BCLF to define what we need is excellent What we need to exploit RFIDWhat we need to exploit RFID What we need to do our jobsWhat we need to do our jobs How can we get USA involved?How can we get USA involved? How about via Open Source LMS movement?How about via Open Source LMS movement?
    11. 11. Open Source LMSsOpen Source LMSs KohaKoha Developed in 2000 in New ZealandDeveloped in 2000 in New Zealand Designed originally for smaller librariesDesigned originally for smaller libraries Now widely used worldwide by libraries of all sizes and typesNow widely used worldwide by libraries of all sizes and types EvergreenEvergreen Developed in 2006 in USADeveloped in 2006 in USA Designed originally for consortiaDesigned originally for consortia Now used by hundreds of libraries in USANow used by hundreds of libraries in USA
    12. 12. Open Source Libraries andOpen Source Libraries and RFIDRFID Both products, Koha and Evergreen, have librariesBoth products, Koha and Evergreen, have libraries using RFID via SIP2using RFID via SIP2 RFID vendors (like everyone) have complete access toRFID vendors (like everyone) have complete access to the system so they can write interfaces that gothe system so they can write interfaces that go beyond SIP2 and NCIP2 (theoretically)beyond SIP2 and NCIP2 (theoretically) The first BLCF API…any vendors volunteer to write it?The first BLCF API…any vendors volunteer to write it?
    13. 13. Grand Rapids Public Library’sGrand Rapids Public Library’s Open Source RFID SystemOpen Source RFID System Running Evergreen Open Source LMSRunning Evergreen Open Source LMS Developed their own Open Source interface for their RFIDDeveloped their own Open Source interface for their RFID systemsystem Their RFID system is based on UHF RFID because theyTheir RFID system is based on UHF RFID because they wanted to use “wanted to use “commoditycommodity”” hardwarehardware This is Good News and Bad NewsThis is Good News and Bad News
    14. 14. What’s Good and BadWhat’s Good and Bad About That?About That? GoodGood Demonstrates initiative on part of libraryDemonstrates initiative on part of library Gives Evergreen users an free / cheap way to implementGives Evergreen users an free / cheap way to implement RFIDRFID BadBad Doesn’t help non-Evergreen libraries at allDoesn’t help non-Evergreen libraries at all UHF system is not interoperable with HFUHF system is not interoperable with HF Not connected in any way to BLCFNot connected in any way to BLCF
    15. 15. Changes Resulting from OpenChanges Resulting from Open Source LMS AdoptionSource LMS Adoption • Software developers are getting hired by librariesSoftware developers are getting hired by libraries • Librarians are writing development specs and learningLibrarians are writing development specs and learning more about standards and protocols and howmore about standards and protocols and how important they areimportant they are • Libraries are beginning to take control of theirLibraries are beginning to take control of their technology in new waytechnology in new way • Libraries are collaborating with each other instead ofLibraries are collaborating with each other instead of relying so much on “The Vendor”relying so much on “The Vendor”
    16. 16. RFID Challenges in U.S.RFID Challenges in U.S. US libraries are moving to RFID but very few insist on ISOUS libraries are moving to RFID but very few insist on ISO 28560-228560-2 US libraries are not thinking expansively about how toUS libraries are not thinking expansively about how to exploit RFID technologyexploit RFID technology US libraries do not have a good record for “holding theirUS libraries do not have a good record for “holding their vendor’s feet to the fire”vendor’s feet to the fire” US libraries are unaware of BLCF (or even the thinkingUS libraries are unaware of BLCF (or even the thinking behind BLCF)behind BLCF)
    17. 17. Opportunity for InternationalOpportunity for International SynergySynergy Let’s build on two important initiatives:Let’s build on two important initiatives: 1.1.Open source LMS -use these open source products to buildOpen source LMS -use these open source products to build interfaces for LMS products that are open, put pressure oninterfaces for LMS products that are open, put pressure on LMS vendors to build standard interfacesLMS vendors to build standard interfaces 2.2.BLCF – promote BLCF internationally to ensure consistencyBLCF – promote BLCF internationally to ensure consistency and interoperability as we expand the uses of RFID using thoseand interoperability as we expand the uses of RFID using those new interfacesnew interfaces 3.3.Lori, Alan and Mick - track developments related to BLCF andLori, Alan and Mick - track developments related to BLCF and LMS support for BLCFLMS support for BLCF

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