8 Asp 1970s 80s revised


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This lecture focuses on video, electronic art and performance. in the first half and more mixed arts inthe second.

The name of mississippi blues singer: Jessie Mae Hempfill, album is "She Wolf" for those who asked.

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8 Asp 1970s 80s revised

  1. 1. A visit to America The late 1970 - 80s Video, Electronic, and Performance Art Introduction to American Art and Visual Culture – Lecture 8
  2. 2. America in the 1980s: USA boycotts Olympics in Moscow Brooke Shields’ Calvin Klein ad Ronald Reagan elected Turner Broadcasting 24 hour news Launch of the first space shuttle Birth of MTV Pac Man invented “ Thriller” by Michael Jackson sells 20 million albums (82) Home camcorder introduced AIDS virus discover (84) Martin Luther King Day celebrated for the first time (85) Prozac introduced (88)
  3. 3. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YK2VZgJ4AoM
  4. 5. Early Video and Electronic Art
  5. 8. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=faK9HUvH2ck&feature=fvw
  6. 9. <ul><li>McLuhan coined the phrases: “ The Medium is the Message ” and “ Global village ” </li></ul><ul><li>He also said: </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising is an environmental striptease for a world of abundance. </li></ul><ul><li>Advertising is the greatest art form of the 20th century. </li></ul><ul><li>Affluence creates poverty. </li></ul><ul><li> All media exist to invest our lives with artificial perceptions and arbitrary values. </li></ul>
  7. 10. 1984
  8. 11. Nam June Paik Read more: http://www.rhizome.org/editorial/2586
  9. 12. <ul><li>On information superhighway with Nam June Paik </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;I used the term information superhighway in a study I wrote for the Rockefeller Foundation in 1974.I thought: if you create a highway, then people are going to invent cars. That's dialectics. If you create electronic highways, something has to happen.&quot; </li></ul>
  10. 13. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Kr4CoU3G04
  11. 14. “ Processing the signal”  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6MZ4U41PSuo&feature=related A multi-part (YouTube) Documentary on early video art
  12. 15. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RkjxG_k0VDo REPLICA
  13. 16. Fluxus Film: Zen For Film (Nam June Paik, 1962-1964) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8z1sOsIrshU&feature=related
  14. 17. Nam June Paik “TV Buddha” (1974)
  15. 18. Nam June Paik (1994) Enlightenment Compressed
  16. 19. Nam June Paik (1971) TV Bed
  17. 20. Nam June Paik (1971) Gertrude Stein Donna Haraway declared in The Cyborg Manifesto, “ I’d rather be a cyborg than a goddess. ”
  18. 21. Nam June Paik installation
  19. 22. Nam June Paik (1970) TV Bra
  20. 23. <ul><li>&quot;As the Happening is the fusion of various arts, so cybernetics is the exploitation of boundary regions between and across various existing sciences.” </li></ul><ul><li>-- Nam June Paik (1965) </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The real implied issue in 'Art and Technology' is not to make another scientific toy, but how to humanize the technology and the electronic medium, which is progressing rapidly -- too rapidly. Progress has already outstripped ability to program...TV Brassiere for Living Sculpture (Charlotte Moorman) is also one sharp example to humanize electronics...and technology. By using TV as bra...the most intimate belonging of human being, we will demonstrate the human use of technology, and also stimulate viewers NOT for something mean but stimulate their phantasy to look for the new, imaginative and humanistic ways of using our technology.” </li></ul><ul><li>--Nam June Paik (1969) </li></ul>
  21. 24. Peter Campus
  22. 25. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ar99AfOJ2o8
  23. 26. Laurie Anderson
  24. 27. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DZkjoXyexKk
  25. 28. <ul><li>A lot of the work in United States is highly critical of technology. I'm using 15,000 watts of power and 18 different pieces of electronic equipment to say that. </li></ul><ul><li>– Laurie Anderson </li></ul>
  26. 29. Robert Wilson
  27. 30. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b26E0D2pm1c&feature=related
  28. 31. Mixed Categories
  29. 32. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZdFY8IIvd4g
  30. 33. Eva Cassidy “Wade in the Water” Take a break
  31. 34. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6yGCHPmfqT0
  32. 35. 11 second promos for MTV http://www.livevideo.com/media/playvideo_fs.aspx?fs=1&cid=F4C07C0F8E15443BA13262636FB9BE19
  33. 36. William Wegman http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-vOP6WTqRn0&feature=related
  34. 37. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j6afbl--ze8
  35. 38. Adrian Piper
  36. 39. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yUJ8MhXTwtI
  37. 40. Vito Acconci
  38. 41. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HYQAcHsgIwY&feature=related
  39. 42. Bruce Nauman Art 21 http://video.pbs.org/video/1237561998/chapter/3/#
  40. 43. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NtRpUB7J1tU&feature=PlayList&p=02A6F4464DB9AF33&index=0&playnext = 1
  42. 45. <ul><li>What are the characteristics of Performance Art? </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Art is live.
 </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Art has no rules or guidelines. It is art because the artist says it is art. It is experimental.
 </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Art is not for sale. It may, however, sell admission tickets and film rights.
 </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Art may be comprised of painting or sculpture (or both), dialogue, poetry, music, dance, opera, film footage, turned on television sets, laser lights, live animals and fire. Or all of the above. There are as many variables as there are artists.
 </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Art is a legitimate artistic movement. It has longevity (some performance artists, in fact, have rather large bodies of work) and is a degreed course of study in many post-secondary institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Dada, Futurism, the Bauhaus and the Black Mountain College all inspired and helped pave the way for Performance Art.
 </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Art is closely related to Conceptual Art. Both Fluxus and Body Art are types of Performance Art.
 </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Art may be entertaining, amusing, shocking or horrifying. No matter which adjective applies, it is meant to be memorable. </li></ul>
  43. 46. Gina Pane performed The Conditioning, first action of Self-Portrait(s ) (1973). Pane lay on a metal bed above lit candles for approximately thirty minutes. Her suffering was apparent to the audience, who witnessed her wringing her hands in pain. Marina Abramovic's Performance of Gina Pane's The Conditioning, first of three phases in Self-Portrait(s) Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York November 12, 2005 Duration: 7 hours
  44. 47. 7000 Year Old Woman (1977) <ul><li>The Sculptor Betsy Damon created the 7000 Year Old Woman in NYC in 1977. She wanted to transform public spaces by utterly disrupting the expected role of women within them and to try to imagine an alternative world experience in which the roles, behaviors and assumptions that define gender were otherwise or not prescribed. </li></ul><ul><li>She painted herself white from hair to toes (wearing white shirt and knickers and black lips) and had multicolored bags of flour attached all over her body. Her collaborator(s) painted or marked spirals in sand on the ground or sang in a protective circle around her. The 7000 Year old Woman then slowly walked these circles and broke open or handed out the colored flour bags attached all over her body. </li></ul>
  45. 48. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ck89kh2vht8
  46. 49. Paul McCarthy An Interview about performance http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NPBqv3mkL9I http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NPBqv3mkL9I
  47. 50. GAAG <ul><li>On a November afternoon in 1969, two men and two women began to wrestle in the lobby of the Museum of Modern Art until they were prone in a pool of blood, then suddenly got up and left, scattering behind them papers printed with the demand that the Rockefellers resign from the museum's board. The papers claimed that the Rockefeller family used art to ''disguise'' its involvement in the manufacture of weaponry for the Vietnam War. They were signed ''The Guerrilla Art Action Group,'' or GAAG; the acronym was a pun on gag, both as in joke and as in constraint to speech. </li></ul>
  48. 53. Lynda Benglis <ul><li>Throughout the video, Benglis asks &quot; Now ?&quot; and &quot;Do you wish to direct me?&quot; and repeats commands like &quot;Start the camera&quot; and &quot;I said start recording.&quot; As in On Screen, she makes faces and sounds in reply to the images on a monitor; at one point she appears to kiss herself. The word &quot;now&quot;, used as both question and command, focuses attention on the deceptive &quot;real&quot; time of video, and reveals the structure underlying her presence in the video. Her first color tape, Benglis experiments with the effect of unnatural color, turning up the levels until the colors are high and artificial—which diffuses the idea of video as an impartial or &quot;direct&quot; medium. </li></ul>http://www.vdb.org/smackn.acgi$tapedetail?NOW
  49. 54. Eva Cassidy “Wade in the Water” Take a break
  50. 55. Painting Superstars of the 80s
  51. 56. Jean-Michel Basquiat More: http://www.brooklynmuseum.org/exhibitions/basquiat/street-to-studio/
  52. 57. <ul><li>Jean-Michel Basquiat (December 22, 1960 – August 12, 1988) was an American artist born in Brooklyn, New York City. He gained fame, first as a graffiti artist in New York City, and then as a highly successful Neo-expressionist artist in the international art scene of the 1980s. Many recognize Basquiat as a leading figure in contemporary art, and his paintings continue to command high prices in the art market. </li></ul>
  53. 58. <ul><li>Jean-Michel Basquiat (1982) Untitled </li></ul>
  54. 59. <ul><li>Jean-Michel Basquiat (1983) An Italian </li></ul>
  55. 60. <ul><li>Jean-Michel Basquiat (1984) Flexible </li></ul>
  56. 61. <ul><li>Jean-Michel Basquiat (1981) Skull </li></ul>
  57. 63. 27
  58. 64. David Salle
  59. 65. David Salle (1980) Untitled
  60. 66. David Salle (1980) Untitled
  61. 67. David Salle (1980) Satori Six Inches within Your Heart
  62. 68. Julian Schnabel
  63. 72. Jenny Holzer
  64. 73. <ul><li>a little knowledge can go a long way </li></ul><ul><li>a lot of professionals are crackpots </li></ul><ul><li>a man can't know what it is to be a mother </li></ul><ul><li>a name means a lot just by itself </li></ul><ul><li>a positive attitude means all the difference in the world </li></ul><ul><li>a relaxed man is not necessarily a better man </li></ul><ul><li>a sense of timing is the mark of genius </li></ul>JENNY HOLZER:TRUISMS
  65. 74. <ul><li>a sincere effort is all you can ask </li></ul><ul><li>a single event can have infinitely many interpretations </li></ul><ul><li>a solid home base builds a sense of self </li></ul><ul><li>a strong sense of duty imprisons you </li></ul><ul><li>absolute submission can be a form of freedom </li></ul><ul><li>abstraction is a type of decadence </li></ul>JENNY HOLZER:TRUISMS http://mfx.dasburo.com/art/truisms.html
  66. 75. www.jennyholzer.com
  67. 76. Barbara Kruger
  68. 77. Barbara Kruger
  69. 78. Also on Art 21: http://www.pbs.org/art21/artists/kruger/card2.html
  70. 79. Susan Rothenberg Art 21: http://www.pbs.org/art21/artists/rothenberg/index.html
  71. 80. Pontiac (1979
  72. 81. Untitled (1974)
  73. 82. Red (no date)
  74. 84. Faith Ringgold
  75. 85. Cassie Louise Lightfoot, eight years old in 1939, has a dream: to be free to go wherever she wants for the rest of her life. One night, up on &quot;tar beach&quot; --the rooftop of her family's Harlem apartment building--her dream comes true. The stars lift her up, and she flies over the city. She claims the buildings as her own--even the union building, so her father won't have to worry anymore about not being allowed to join just because his father was not a member. As Cassie learns, anyone can fly. &quot;All you need is somewhere to go you can't get to any other way. The next thing you know, you're flying above the stars.&quot;
  76. 87. Dancing at the Louvre
  77. 88. The Men: Mask Face Quilt #2 (1985)