Socio economic analysis of tourist and recreational activities in Luis Peña
Socio-economic analysis of tourist and recreational activities in Luis Peña Channel Natural Reserve (LPCNR),Culebra and its effects on conservation efforts SeaGrant Pre-proposal María José Andrade Núñez and Abimarie Otaño Coastal Environmental course CIAM 6117
PROJECT BACKGROUND The role of protected areas in biodiversity conservation is widely known. There is ample evidence of how it can contribute to alleviate social and economical problems in communities within or adjacent the protected areas. In this regards, nature-based tourism or ecotourism activities developed in protected areas can contribute on its conservation, as well as in the social and economic characteristics of local community and business. Nevertheless there is a need of a long term evaluation of the tourism activities on protected area, its conservation and socio-economic effects on local communities.
RESEARCH PROBLEM Currently there is a lack of knowledge about the impacts of recreational and tourist activities in Luis Peña Channel Natural Reserve (LPCNR) and how they can be contributing economically and socially to Culebra citizens. In addition to this, there is no knowledge about how tourist activities can be contributing in the protection of LPCNR.
GOAL Is to develop a socio-economic analysis of nature-based tourism activities developed in the LPCNR in order to determine the impact of the protected area on local community and the possible effects and contribution of nature-based activities to the protection of the area.
OBJECTIVES Determine the socio-economic characteristics of nature-based activities developed in the LPCNR. Evaluate the importance of the marine and coastal resources of the LPCNR in the development of sustainable nature-based tourist activities. Evaluate and compare the conservation perception and environmental knowledge (i.e. natural resources, regulations) of local and foreign people and business owners. Determine and recommend strategies for the implementation of an integrated management plan where tourists, owner of business and local community could promote the marine reserve conservation through law enforcement.
METHODOLOGY Literature and web survey in order to create a database of the nature-based business in Culebra. Semi-structured questionnaires to local people of Culebra, owners of tourist business, tourists, environmental leaders, NGO’s and students. Interview to Tourism Agency, the Authority for the Conservation and Development of Culebra and related agencies in San Juan and Culebra.Analysis: SPSS statistical program, Quantitative data regarding economic activities will be analyzed using basic statistical methods such as t-test and ANOVA.
TIME TABLE Year 1 Activities 2013 January February March April May June July August September October November December Research activities Literature and web survey of nature-based bussines in Culebra Semi-structured interviews (local people, nature-based bussines, tourists, NGO leaders) Gather socio-economic data from government agencies and other relevant offices Data Analysis Reports Educational activities Environmental educational workshops to local community, owner of nature-based bussines, and toursist. School activities related to conservation and protected areas Community data gahtering
Year 2 TIME TABLEActivities 2014 January February March April May June July August September October November DecemberResearch activitiesSemi-structured interviews (localpeople, nature-based business,tourists, NGO leaders)Gather socio-economic data fromgovernment agencies and otherrelevant officesData AnalysisReportsEducational activitiesEnvironmental educationalworkshops to local community,owner of nature-based business, andtouristsSchool activities related toconservation and protected areasCommunity data gathering
POTENTIAL BENEFITS It would help to determine ways in which local community, environmental organizations, tourist business and tourists can contribute in the management of the protected area. It would help to determine the economic and social benefit of the marine protected area for the local economy. Provide recommendations to the DNER for the integration of local people and tourist business in the vigilance and law enforcement in the LPCNR.