Description of a three-part system
of tourist-generating region, transit
region and tourism destination
region set within social, economic
and environmental contexts.
•The Tourism Industry
•Actor of the system.
•Tourism is a very human experience,
enjoyed, anticipated and remembered as
important time of their lives.
• The very heart of tourism phenomenon
including their experiences.
• Natural resources and environment
constitutes the fundamental measure of supply — the
natural resources that any area has available for the use
and enjoyment of visitors
• Built environment
This component has been developed within or upon the
• Operating sectors
represent what many of the general public perceive
as ― tourism. ‖
• Spirit of hospitality and cultural resources
Pervading all of the foregoing physical elements of the
built infrastructure and superstructures is the social
foundation of the destination.
Transit Route Region (TR)
-define as ―intermediate zone.‖
- not simply represent short period of travel to reach
travel destination but also includes intermediate
places which maybe be visited en route.
-places where trips begin.
-represents the generating market for tourism
or ―push‖ to stimulate travel and motivate
Tourist Destination Region
-represents the ‗Sharp end‘ of
• defined as a group or cluster of small firms in
which deals in providing attractive and
affordable holiday to its customers, either within
a state country or at international level.
Travel agents and tour operators are most found
in the travel-generating region.
Other examples of it is cos and king, Thomas
Cooks, and SOTC, Incredible India
-It includes political harmony and good execution
of law and order within the state or country
-Tax benefits and discounts provided to the
various tourism industry.
-The percentage of the share which the government
is ready to spend on tourism and recreation.
-The per capita income of individuals thier standard
of living education, disposable income.
-It lay emphasis on the use of complex and
sophisticated technology in order to promote market
-Maintaining the rich biodiversity of the tourist spots
-Pressure on ecosystem prevailing in those
-It inculdes those factors which have to be followed
strictly by law (both customer and the tourism
• General Applicability
• It has the ability to incorporate interdisciplinary
approaches to tourism
• It is possible to use a model at any scale or level
of generalization – from a local resort to the
• The model is infinitely flexible and allows the
incorporation of different forms of
tourism, while at the same time
demonstrating their common elements
• Finally, the model demonstrates the highly
important principle of tourism studies that
all the elements of tourism are related and
Demand for eco-tourism:
-is poorly documented
-desires first hand experience/contact with nature/culture
-is tempered by the need to consume tourism responsibly and
offset carbon emissions.
-can be segmented in may ways including by level of commitment,
level of pysical effort,, motives
-comes from those who are more likely to be well educated, have
a higher income and be slightly older than the average tourist.
Destinations for eco-tourism:
-Are relatively natural areas which are undisturbed and/ or
--have attractions of scenery flora, fauna and/ or indigenous
-Allow eco-tourism to deliver economic and conservation benefits
to the local people;
--develop eco-tourism with a view to conserving/ enhnacing/
maintaining the natural/cultural system;
-Apply integrated planning and management techniques;
-Apply environmental impact and auditing procedures to all
elements of the tourism destination (suc as
-Attempt to be carbon neutral; and
-Encourage local ownership of facilities
• Transit Zone
• Transport for eco-tourism:
• -should be of low impact to the environment in terms of noise, carbon
emissions, congestions, fuel consumption and waste;
• -should monitor emission and environmental impacts;
• -Should promote the conservation ethic;
• -Should be used as a management tool;
• -Should encourage use of public transport
• -Should encourage the use of locally owned transport companies,
• -reaching a long-haul eco-tourism destination may consume large
amounts of aircraft fuel and be more damaging to the environment
than the tourist realizes , and thus defeat the purpose of the trip
•Principles of tourism I : Student Learning guide
•The contribution of Niel Leiper to Tourism Studies(www.academia.edu)
• Presented By:
• Leader: El Niño Marasigan
• Asst. Leader: Rejoy Macorol
Eugene Ladio Patricia Anne Lopez
Lorenzo Lorzano Mary Joy Mallari
Lara Manibo Christian Von Mara
Jed Leslie Jessa Oria