It is a scientific-pedagogical
discipline that focuses on each
of the stages of learning. In
other words, is the branch of
pedagogy that will
address, analyze and design
schemes and plans to translate
the pedagogical foundations of
There are five components of the didactic
teaching situation that seeks to analyze, integrate
and functionally oriented to the practical effects of
teaching: the learner, the teacher, the
objectives, subjects and method.
THE STUDENTS :not only as a student a
receptor of the Knowledge, using their memory
We must consider as human being, its
capabilities limitation its complex dynamics
integration in the cultural system of civilization.
THE TEACHER:, not only as explainer of
the subjec0t, but as an educator complex
capable of performing its mission to
encourage, guide and direct the
educational process with skill and learning
of their students,
THE OBJECTIVES: to be achieved
gradually by the harmonious work of
teachers and learners in the battles of
education and learning. These objectives
are the purpose and goals of all the work
required and must be school northern life
at school and in the classroom.
THE COURSES: which incorporate and
systematize cultural values whose data
should be selected, scheduled and
dosed to facilitate their
learning, fertilizing, enriching and
adding value to the intelligence and
personality of the students.
THE METHOD OF TEACHING, which
cleverly combines all available human
and material resources to achieve the
proposed objectives, more
safely, quickly and effectively..
It became in a process : Reflective
understanding, then memorizing
what is understood, at last, the
application of what has been
understood and memorized.
1. It´s the syncretism confused ideas
2. Analysis of each part of the
whole, with attention in the
3. Synthesis to integrate the parts only
the essential parts to establish
relations among them integrate all of
these in a coherent and significant
4. Consolidation or fixation, through
exercise and rehearsals iterative
reinforcing or expressly fixed what has
been learned and synthetically
investigate in books
pass his/her notes to a note book
help to teacher to solve
problems or doubts
correct his problems and of his
Teaching is to lead with proper
techniques the process of
learning in any subject .
Provide and project the progress
and the teaching-learning process
,organizing it .
Introduce students to the study of
the subject by providing the data
needed, guiding his reasoning.
The teacher's task is simply the
encouragement and guidance of the
Discover the genius, ability and interest
of the student.
Set and achieve goals for their
students, promotes and requires
fulfillment with each and every one of
Each student must also set themselves
goals and individual and compliance
should be required by the teacher.
1. Carry out the purposes of what is
conceptualized as education.
2. Make teaching and therefore learning
3. Apply new knowledge from
biology, psychology, sociology and
philosophy that can make teaching
more consistent and coherent.
4. Orienting teaching according to the
developmental age of the student, so to
help them develop and fulfill
himself, according to their learning
The teaching has to rely on
knowledge of various
biology, psychology, sociology and
scientific methodology, coordinated
by the philosophical view that one
has of education.
This philosophical view of education
will play inclusive of all elements, to
coordinate with the main
objective, which is the fulfillment of
the purposes of education in student
behavior and society.
learns, that is, the student. It is
essential to know who learns, to
whom it is to be oriented
learning, so as to achieve the
relevance of education, as against
refers to the
objectives and teaching materials.
Thus, attaches great importance to
educational goals to be achieved and
the vehicle used to achieve, ie the
subjects of the curriculum.
3. METHODICAL: refers to the
implementation of educational
work, the art of teaching itself.
The teaching can be considered
in its general and particular
aspects, that is, in relation to the
teaching of all subjects, or in
relation to a single discipline. This
leads to a general teaching and to
various special teaching
PLANNING. Focused work plans
tailored to achieve the
goals, possibilities, aspirations and
needs of the students, and social
2. EXECUTION. Effective practice-
oriented teaching, through
classes, extracurricular activities and
other student activities, inside and
outside of school.
3. EVALUATION. Directed toward
certification of the results obtained
with the implementation
Study of all the principles and
techniques apply to the teaching
of any subject or discipline.
Study the problem of education in
general, does not consider specific
aspects of a discipline ranging.
Try to see education as a
whole, studying in more general
terms, to indicate procedures in
all disciplines to give greater
efficiency to what is taught.
Is an instrument that organize
systematizes the educational
contents, activities, methodolog
ical options, and techniques
it is consider like and obligation
an overload of work.
But it is very important to guide
the process of teaching.