Shakespeare 2

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Theatre History lesson on Shakespeare and the English Renaissance for high school Intro to Theatre class. Part 2 of 2.

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Shakespeare 2

  1. 1.  1604 – law passed saying only royalty can form an acting troupe › Queen Elizabeth: 4-5 plays/year › James (cousin): 17 plays/year › Prince Charles: 25 plays/year  Earl of Licester’s Men (pronounced Lester) › Led by James Burbage  The Lord Admiral’s Men
  2. 2.  Earl of Licester’s Men (pronounced Lester) › Led by James Burbage  Best Producer/Manager of the time › Used a theatre called “The Theatre”  The Lord Admiral’s Men › Led by Henslowe › Plays by Christopher Marlowe › Lead actor was Edward Alleyn  The Lord Chamberlain’s Men (The King’s Men) › Led by James Burbage › Plays by Shakespeare › Lead actor was Richard Burbage (James’ son) › Comic actor was Will Kempe
  3. 3.  The Chapel Boys › Later called “The Queen’s Revels”  The Beasten Boys › Led by Beasten  Many playwrights write plays for the children’s companies, but not Shakespeare.
  4. 4.  Shareholder › As Shareholder in the Globe, Shakespeare made 50 pounds/year  Hired Men › On contract for 1-2 years; 5 pounds/year  Apprentices › From 6 to 14 years old › Played young women until their voice changes  Either change profession or play men afterwards › Paid with room and board  Older/Comic women played by adult men  Prompters fed actor’s their lines
  5. 5.  The Theatre (Burbage) › First permanent outdoor theatre  The Blackfriars (Burbage) › first permanent indoor theatre  The Globe (Burbage) › Burnt down and rebuilt many times  The Swan, The Rose, The Hope, The Swan, The Bear Garden  Most of London is on the East Bank of the Thames, but most of the theatres are on the West bank.
  6. 6.  The Globe Theatre (1599-1613) › Burnt down during a performance of Henry VIII  The Second Globe (1614-1644) › Burnt down during the reformation  The Third Globe (1980s-present)
  7. 7. Plays started at 2 in the afternoon to catch the daylight, and performed without intermission.
  8. 8. FLOOR SEAT BOX Outdoor 1p 2p 3p Indoor 6p ? Up to 46p The Queen would attend indoor theatres, but not outdoor ones. Goodies would be sold to people standing in the pit, called “Groundlings.”
  9. 9.  5 types of costumes: › Ancient  anything older/out of style › Antique  Classical – togas over clothes › Fanciful  Ghosts, Sprites, Witches, Gods › Traditional  Robin Hood, Tambourlaine Richard III › National/Racial  Moors wore turbans, Jews had red beards, Spaniards wore all black
  10. 10.  Famous Scene Designer › Very minimal sets  a branch represents a forest  Stressed the importance of stage combat, music, and dance in performances

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