C:\Fakepath\Rennaissance

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A presentation on Theatre in the Renaissance for a high school Intro to Theatre class.

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C:\Fakepath\Rennaissance

  1. 1.  1453 Byzantium falls to the Turks › The scripts saved by Byzantine scholars are taken to Italy.  People start reading them  People start writing more plays like them.  1486 – De Architectura is rediscovered and republished › Roman Text on scene design
  2. 2.  Called Architettura  FOUR MAIN POINTS › Rectangular Room › Stage at the King’s eye level › Angle Wings and Backdrop › Only need three sets  Comedy (curved lines)  Tragedy (straight lines)  Pastoral (outdoor scenes)
  3. 3.  Three ways to change scenery › Periaktoi › “Book Flaps” › Groove system  Replaced by “Chariot & Pole” system
  4. 4.  Flying (of scenery and people)  Trap Doors  Fire & Smoke › “Why do so many theatres burn down?”  Water Effects › Naumachia  Curtains (roll up, not fly up)  Lights › Lights can be directed, blocked, or colored
  5. 5.  1. Plays must be believable  2. Plays must teach a lesson  3. Plays must be about normal people doing normal things  4. Plays must have purity of genre  5. Unities of Time, Place, Action  6. Plays must have five acts.
  6. 6.  La Cassari by Ariosto › Comedy based on Roman plot  La Mandragola by Nicolo Machiavelli › One of the best known playwrights of this era › First Italian comedy with an ORIGINAL story  Sofonisba by Trissino › Rewrite of Greek Tragedy  Orbecche by Geraldi Cinthio › Based on writings of Seneca  Pastoral or The Faithful Shepherd by Jean Baptiste Guarini › Pastorale
  7. 7.  Possibly the first two operas: › Dafne by Rinuccini › Orfeo by Monteverde
  8. 8.  Commedia a Soggetto (Subject) › Has an actual plot  Commedia Erudita (Learned) › School Plays  Commedia del’Arte (of the Professional) › Masked Performances by professional actors › Created in 1500, popular until 1750!
  9. 9.  Stock characters (same general characters every time.) › 2 to 4 Innamoriti – Young lovers › 4 to 6 Old Men  Pantalone – Old man in baggy pants  Capitano – Military officer  Dottore – Doctor/Lawyer/Wise man › 2 to 4 Zanni – Wacky servants/tricksters
  10. 10.  Some actors have characters named for them › Arlecchino (Harlequin) › Brighella (Arlecchino’s sensible friend) › Fantesca (female servant)

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