Line graph samples


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Line graph samples

  1. 1. www.ieltspackage.blogspot.comLine Graph samples: IELTS Writing Section 1Produced byIELTS PACKAGE
  2. 2. www.ieltspackage.blogspot.comWriting Sample # 1You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.Eating sweet foods produces acid in the mouth, which can cause tooth decay. (High acid levels are measured bylow pH values)Describe the information below and discuss the implications for dental health.You should write at least 150 words.Model answer:Anyone who has visited a dentist has been told that eating excessive amounts of sweets risks harming the teeth.This is because sweets lower pH levels in the mouth to dangerous levels. When the pH level in the mouth is keptabove 5.5, acidity is such that teeth are unlikely to be in danger of decay. Sweet foods, however, cause pH in themouth to drop for a time, and the longer pH levels remain below 5.5, the greater the opportunity for decay tooccur.By comparing fruit sugar, cane sugar and honey, which are all common ingredients of sweet foods, we find thatcane sugar lowers pH levels for the longest period, thus producing the greatest risk of the three. Approximatelyfive minutes after consuming cane sugar, pH levels drop to as little as pH 3.5. They then begin to rise slowly, but donot rise above pH 5.5 until at least 30 minutes have elapsed. By contrast, fruit sugar, which causes the mouthsacidity to fall to just above pH 4, poses a danger for a shorter period: tooth decay is unlikely 20 minutes afterconsumption. Honey appears an even less risky substance. Though acidity falls to about pH 4.75 within fiveminutes of consumption, it returns to above pH 5.5 in under fifteen minutes.The implications, then, are that people who insist on eating sweet foods should be aware of the ingredients, andthat fruit sugar or honey appears preferable to cane sugarWriting Sample # 2
  3. 3. www.ieltspackage.blogspot.comWrite a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the graph below. You should write at least 150 words. Allow yourself 20 minutes for this task.Model answer:The graph compares the rate of smoking in men and women in Someland between the years 1960 and 2000. It canbe clearly seen that the rate of smoking for both men and women is currently declining and that fewer womenhave smoked throughout the period. In 1960, 600 men in every 1,000 was smoking. This number decreasedgradually to 500 by 1974 and continued to decrease but more steeply to 250 in 2000. In contrast, the rate ofsmoking in women in 1960 was very low at only 80 in every 1,000. By 1968 this increased to 170, and increasedagain but more steeply to 320 in 1977. The rate of female smokers then remained stable at 320 until 1984 at whichpoint the figures began to decline and had dropped to 200 by 2000.In conclusion we can see that the rate of smoking in men dropped throughout the whole period but was always ata higher level than the female figures. The rate of smoking in women increased until 1977 but then decreased forthe rest of the period.Writing Sample # 3
  4. 4. www.ieltspackage.blogspot.comWrite a report for a university lecturer describing the information below. You should write at least 150 words. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.Model answer:The graph shows changes in the amount of fast food consumed in the UK between 1970 and 1990. Several trendsare apparent. First, Britons are eating more and more fast food. Secondly, the type of fast food has changed. In1970, the most popular fast food was fish and chips. Over 300g were consumed each week. By 1990, however, thishad fallen to just over 200g - a 50% drop. Consumption of other fast foods such as pizza and hamburgersincreased, however. The amount of pizza eaten shot up from about 20g a week to more than 270g, overtaking fishand chips in the late 1980s. Hamburger consumption also increased, rising from about 80g in 1970 to almost 300gin 1990.Accompanying this change in the choice of foods was an increase in the amount of fast food consumed. In 1970,British consumers ate about 450g a week of fast food. In 1990, on the other hand, this had more than doubled, to1000g.Alternative answer:The graph shows the amount of fast food eaten between 1970 and 1990 in grams per person per week. Overall,the amount of fast food eaten more than doubled.The amount of fish and chips eaten declined slightly. In 1970, the consumption was about 300g/week. This fell to220g/week in 1990. In contrast, sales of hamburger and pizza rocketed. In 1970, very little pizza was eaten - lessthan 50g/week. This rose to 280g/week by 1990. In the same period, hamburger sales shot up by more than 500%,from 100g/week in 1970 to 500 grams in 1990. In conclusion, although there was a big increase in theconsumption of pizza and hamburger, sales of fish and chips decreased.Writing Sample # 4
  5. 5. www.ieltspackage.blogspot.comWrite a report describing the information in the graph below. You should write at least 150 words. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.Model answer:The line graph shows estimated sales of gold in Dubai for 12 months in 2002 in millions of dirhams. There weretwo main seasons for gold sales.The main season for sales is in the December to May period. Sales were consistently above 200 million dirhams permonth, rising sharply to a peak of 350 million dirhams in March. However, for the next four months, sales declinedsteadily, reaching an annual low of 120 million dirhams in July.In August, there was a sudden increase. Sales almost doubled, rising from 120 million dirhams in July to 210 milliondirhams in August. This was followed by a drop in September, back to the July figure.From September to October, sales recovered, from 120 to 180 million. In October and November, sales remainedsteady, and there was a small increase in December to 190 million dirhams. In conclusion, the main sales period isin the early part of the year, slumping in the summer, except for a sudden increase in August.
  6. 6. www.ieltspackage.blogspot.comWriting Sample # 5The graph shows Underground Station Passenger Numbers in London. Summarise the information by selectingand reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. You should write at least 150 words. You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.Model answer:The graph shows the fluctuation in the number of people at a London underground station over the course of aday. The busiest time of the day is in the morning. There is a sharp increase between 06:00 and 08:00, with 400people using the station at 8 oclock. After this the numbers drop quickly to less than 200 at 10 oclock. Between11 am and 3 pm the number rises, with a plateau of just under 300 people using the station.In the afternoon, numbers decline, with less than 100 using the station at 4 pm. There is then a rapid rise to a peakof 380 at 6pm. After 7 pm, numbers fall significantly, with only a slight increase again at 8pm, tailing off after 9 pm.Overall, the graph shows that the station is most crowded in the early morning and early evening periods.Writing Sample # 6
  7. 7. www.ieltspackage.blogspot.comYou should spend about 20 minutes on this task.The line graph below gives information on cinema attendance in the UK. Write a report for a university lecturerdescribing the information given.You should write at least 150 words.Model answer:The given line graph illustrates information on the percentage of people who went to the movies in the UnitedKingdom between 1990 and 2010. The peoples attendance is divided into four different age groups. Overall,younger people seemed to, and are predicted to, be more active in movie going than their older counterparts.However, all four age groups showed a gradual increase in attendance numbers during the given period, except fora slight drop between 1995 and 2000.To be specific, a larger percentage of people between the ages of 24 and 34 went to, and are expected to, go tothe cinema than those in any other age group. Approximately 51% of the respondents from this age group areexpected to attend movies in 2010 compared with only 38% in 1990. Even in the group that had the smallestnumber of movie goers, those between the ages of 44 and 54, there was an increase of 6% in their attendance.(161 words)
  8. 8. www.ieltspackage.blogspot.comWriting Sample # 7You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.The graph below compares the number of visits to two new music sites on the web.Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.You should write at least 150 words.Model answer 1:The graph shows the number of hits to two new music sites on the web, measured in thousands over a period offifteen days. As far as Music Choice is concerned, the number of visits to the Site fluctuated between 20,000 and40,000 in the first eleven days, except for Day 3 when they reached 60,000. By contrast, visits to the Pop ParadeSite fell erratically from approximately 120,000 hits on Day 1 to around 40,000 on Day 7.Between days 11 and 15 visits to Music Choice fluctuated dramatically, hitting a peak of over 120,000 on Day 14.Despite a drop to less than 40,000 hits, Pop Parade Saw a huge increase in the number of hits between Days 9 and11, reaching a total of over 150,000 hits on Day 11. At the end of the fifteen-day period the number of hits to PopParade peaked at around 170,00, whereas those for Music Choice Showed a marked decline to around 70,000.Model answer 2:The graph shows people using new music places on the Internet in fifteen days period of time namely personalchoice and trendy pop music. The overall trend shows fluctuation with slight Increased towards the end of theperiod. Starting with Music Choice websites; 40,000 people went on this new site on first-day. Half of them backedout the next day. In Contrast to this Pop Parade net sites were visited by 120,000 music lovers on day one whichdecreased slightly on the next day thereafter regaining the same fame on 3rd day. After 3rd day the enthusiasmfor both music lines on Internet dropped slowly- reaching maximum fall of 40,000 on 7th day. Whereas Music
  9. 9. www.ieltspackage.blogspot.comchoice gained popularity, slightly improving to get the original strength of 30,000 viewers on screen, but wasgetting still less visitors than their opponent Pop group i.e. 40,000 on day 7.In the beginning of the next week both gained remarkable recovery after a few fluctuations for 8th and 9th dayhaving 40,000 and 50,000 visitors respectively, reaching to their peaks of one and a half thousand new viewers forPop Parade on 11th day showing a contrast of very few people visiting Music choice for the same day. ThereafterMusic choice gained popularity on 12th day for having more than 120,000 new visitors on web.In the end of the period Pop sites were visited by maximum viewers of 180,000 whereas sites located to Musicchoice were not explored by more than 80,000 explorers on the last day of the report.
  10. 10. www.ieltspackage.blogspot.comWriting Sample # 8You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.The graph below shows the differences in wheat exports over three different areas.Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.Write at least 150 words.Model answer:The three graphs of wheat exports each show a quite different pattern between 1985 and 1990. Exports fromAustralia declined over the five-year period, while the Canadian market fluctuated considerably, and the EuropeanCommunity showed an increase. In 1985, Australia exported about 15 millions of tons of wheat and the followingyear the number increased by one million tons to 16 million. After that, however, there was a gradual decline until1989 and 1990 when it stabilized at about 11 million tons. Over the same period, the amount of Canadian exportsvaried greatly. It started at 19 million tons in 1985, reached a peak in 1988 of 24 million, dropped dramatically in1989 to 14 million tons and then climbed back to 19 million in 1990. Seventeen million tons were exported fromthe European Community in 1985, but this decreased to 14 million tons in 1986 and then rose to 15 million in 1987and 1988 before increasing once more to 20 million in 1990.
  11. 11. www.ieltspackage.blogspot.comWriting Sample # 9You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.The graph below shows radio and television audiences throughout the day in 1992.Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.Write at least 150 words.Model answer 1:The graph shows the percentage of audiences over 4 yes old of UK follows the radio and television throughout theday during the period October-December 1992. It has been observed from the graph that less than 10% audiencesfollows the radio at 6:00 am and the percentage raised to a pick around 30% at 8′AM and decline gradually toaround 10% during the period 2′00 to 4′00 Pm and again raised a bi t to around 12% between 4′00 to 6′00 PM. Itthen again dropped to below 10% at around 10′PM. The rate again raised to a bit between 10′00 PM to 12′00 PMand then dropped slowly by 4′00 AM. On the other hand, the rate of television audiences raises 0-10% during theperiod 6′00 to 8′00 am and remain steady up to 1 0′AM and then gradually goes down by 12′00 noon. Thepercentage raised dramatically to around 15% by 2′00 noon. The percentage raised dramatically goes down by12′00 noon. The percentage raised dramatically to around 15% by 2′00 PM which again raised to a pick above 40%between 6′00-8′00 PM and then gradually dropped between the period 12′00 PM to 4′00 AM.
  12. 12. www.ieltspackage.blogspot.comWriting Sample # 10You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.The graph below shows the unemployment rates in the US and Japan between March 1993and March 1999.Write a short report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.You should write at least 150 words.Model answer:According to the results of the labor-force research published recently, the following conclusions can be drawnfrom it:In March, 1993, United States had seven percent of their workforce which might not seem disastrous untilcompared with Japan, where 2.5% were unemployed. However, the unemployment rate in United States begandeclining slowly since March 1993, and reached 5% mark in the middle of 1996. Japan turned out to be less lucky,as their unemployment rate doubled in three years. From then on, the percentage of unemployed workforce inUnited States remained roughly the same — about 5% until March 99, although there were minor falls and rises inthe unemployment rate.As for Japan, the percentage of unemployed fell rapidly by 0.5—0.6% after March 1996, but from summer 1996and onwards it grew steadily and without any falls to reach 5.0% boundary in March 1999. The major conclusionthat I’ve drawn using the graph, is that number of unemployed in USA decreased by about 2.0% in the course of sixyears, while in Japan it actually increased by 2.5% percent. As a result, in March 99, both Japan and US had about5% of their work force unemployed.Writing Sample # 12
  13. 13. www.ieltspackage.blogspot.comYou should spend about 20 minutes on this task.The graph below shows the population figures of different types of turtles in India between 1980 and 2012.Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons whererelevant.Write at least 150 words.Model answer:The total number of all species of turtles in India has been relatively stable over the last two decades, althoughthere were significant drops in numbers between 1987 and 1989 and again in 1992 and 1996. Since 2004 there hasbeen an improvement in numbers of all species, although the graph shows a slight decrease in 2010.In contrast, the population of Leatherback turtles has suffered a severe decline, particularly in 1988 when numbersfell dramatically. The rate of decline in the population appears to have slowed and it has remained relatively stablesince 2009. There was also a fall in the number of Green turtles of around 30% between 1984 and 2002. Thepopulation increased slightly in 2010 but it had dropped again by 2012. It is only Olive Ridley turtles that have seena steady increase in population over this period. Their numbers dropped slightly in 2007 and again in 2012 but theoverall trend has been a positive one.
  14. 14. www.ieltspackage.blogspot.comWriting Sample # 13You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.The graph below gives information about international tourist arrivals in five countries.Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons whererelevant.Write at least 150 words.Model answer:The graph shows the overall numbers of tourist arrivals in five countries between 1995 and 2010. In 1995 over 70million tourists visited the United States, more than twice as many as the next most popular destination shown,France. However, between 2005 and 2010 there was a decrease of approximately 1,500,000 in the numbers goingto the United States whereas there was an increase of nearly 20 million tourists visiting France. The result was thatin 2010 the number of tourists arriving in the United States and France was almost equal at around 90 millioneach.The number of tourists visiting Malaysia rose steadily over the whole period but by 2010 the total was still under50 million. The countries with the fewest tourist arrivals were Brazil and Egypt. The number of tourists going therewas similar between 1995 and 2000 but after that there was a greater increase in tourists going to Egypt than toBrazil.