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Change management


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A brief but comprehensive presentation on change management by Syed Munawer Hassan

Change management

  1. 1. Change Management<br />By<br />SyedMunawer Hassan<br />Assistant Engineer, PTA Zonal Office, Karachi<br />
  2. 2. Change Management<br /><ul><li>What is Change Management.
  3. 3. Types of Change
  4. 4. Forces for Change
  5. 5. Resistance to Change
  6. 6. Overcoming Resistance to Change
  7. 7. Approaches to Managing Organizational Change</li></ul> <br />
  8. 8. What is Change Management<br />Change management is a structured approach to transitioning individuals, teams and organizations from a current state to a desired future state through change agent. It is an organizational process aimed at empowering employees to accept and comply changes in their current business environment.<br />
  9. 9. Types of Changes<br />There are two types of changes <br /> <br /><ul><li>Unplanned Change
  10. 10. Planned Change</li></li></ul><li>Forces for Change<br />Following are major forces for change in an organization:<br /> <br /><ul><li>Nature of Workforce
  11. 11. Technology
  12. 12. Economic Shocks
  13. 13. Competition
  14. 14. Social Trends
  15. 15. World Politics</li></li></ul><li>Resistance to Change<br />Resistance to change can be faced by organization from<br /> <br /><ul><li>Individual
  16. 16. Habit
  17. 17. Security
  18. 18. Economic Factor
  19. 19. Fear of unknown
  20. 20. Selective Information Processing
  21. 21. Organization
  22. 22. Structural Inertia
  23. 23. Threat to Expertise
  24. 24. Threat to Establish Power Relationships / resource allocation</li></ul> <br /> <br /> <br />
  25. 25. Overcomming to Resistance<br /><ul><li>Education and Communication
  26. 26. Participation
  27. 27. Building Support Commitment
  28. 28. Implementing Changes Fairly
  29. 29. Manipulation and Cooptation
  30. 30. Selecting People who accept changes
  31. 31. Coercion</li></li></ul><li>Approaches to Managing Organizational Change<br />There are several approaches for managing change few of them are:<br /> <br /><ul><li>Lewin's Three Step Model
  32. 32. Kotter's Eight-Step Model
  33. 33. Action Research</li></li></ul><li>Lewin's Three Step Model<br /><ul><li>Unfreezing the status quo
  34. 34. Movement to desired end state
  35. 35. Refreezing the new change to make it permanent</li></li></ul><li>Kotter's Eight-Step Model<br />Define reason for change.<br />Empower change agent.<br />Create a vision.<br />Communicate the vision throughout the organization.<br />Empower others to act on the vision by removing barriers.<br />Plan step-by-step implementation of tasks that move the organization to the new vision.<br />Consolidate improvements, reassess changes, and make necessary adjustments in the new program.<br />Reinforce the changes by demonstrating the relationship between new behaviors and organizational success.<br />
  36. 36. Action Research<br />Refers to a change process based on systematic collection of data and then selection of the change based on what the analyzed data indicates. The process of research action consist of five steps<br /> <br />Diagnosis<br />Analysis<br />Feedback<br />Action<br />Evaluations<br />
  37. 37. Everyone thinks of changing the world, but no one thinks of changing himself.”<br /> -Leo Tolstoy<br />The first problem for all of us… is not to learn, but to unlearn.<br />-Gloria Steinem<br />“If you don't like something, change it; if you can't change it, change the way you think about it.”<br /> -Mary Engelbreit<br />Some thoughts about change<br />
  38. 38. Refrences<br /><ul><li>
  39. 39.
  40. 40. Text book of Organizational Behavior</li></li></ul><li>Any Question ?<br /> <br />
  41. 41. Thank You<br /> <br />