Concept of Man


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by: Paolo Zabat, RN

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Concept of Man

  1. 1. CONCEPT OF MAN  To understand the meaning of PHC, one should understand first the concept of Man.  Remember: The concept of man provides us clue on how are we going to provide a PHC that is individualized, holistic and quality care.
  2. 2. MAN  It is an individual human.  A man belonging to a particular category (as by birth, residence, membership, or occupation).  A bipedal primate mammal (Homo sapiens) that is anatomically related to the great apes but distinguished especially by notable development of the brain with a resultant capacity for articulate speech and abstract reasoning, is usually considered to form a variable number of freely interbreeding races, and is the sole living representative of the hominid family.
  3. 3. INDIVIDUAL HEALTH Dimensions of individuality include the Person’s Total Character, Self-identity and Perceptions.
  4. 4. INDIVIDUAL HEALTH  Person’s total character encompasses behaviors, emotional state, attitudes, values, motives, abilities, habits and appearances.  Person’s self-identity encompasses perception of self as a separate and distinct entity alone and in interactions with others.  Person’s perceptions encompass the way the person interprets the environment or situation, directly affecting how he or she thinks, feels, and acts in any given situation.
  5. 5. CONCEPT OF INDIVIDUALITY  Each individual is a unique being who is different from every other human being, with a different combination of genetics, life experiences, and environmental interactions.  When providing care, we need to focus on the client within both a total care and an individualized care context.
  6. 6. 4 ATTRIBUTES OF HUMAN BEING 1. The capacity to think or conceptualize on the abstract level 2. Family formation 3. The tendency to seek and maintain territory 4. The ability to use verbal symbols as language, a means of developing and maintaining culture.
  7. 7. 14 FUNDAMENTAL NEEDS OF MAN 1. Breath 2. Food and drink 3. Elimination 4. Move and maintain posture 5. Sleep and rest 6. Clothing 7. Maintaining internal environment 8. Keeping self clean 9. Avoiding Danger 10. Communication 11. Worship 12. Work 13. Play 14. Learn - Virginia Hender son, Nursing Theorist
  8. 8. MASLOW’S HIERARCHY OF BASIC HUMAN NEEDS Self -Actualization Self- Esteem Love and Belongingness Safety and Security Physiologic Needs
  10. 10. CHARACTERISTICS OF BASIC HUMAN NEEDS  All people have the same basic needs; however, each person’s needs and reactions to those needs are influenced by the culture with which the person identifies. 1. People meet their own needs relative to their own priorities. 2. Although basic needs generally must be met, some needs can be deferred. 3. Failure to meet needs results in one or more homeostatic imbalances, which can eventually result in illness. 4. A need can make itself felt by either external or internal stimuli. 5. A person who perceives a need can respond in several ways to meet it. 6. Needs are interrelated.
  11. 11. MASLOW’S CHARACTERISTICS OF A SELF- ACTUALIZED PERSON  Is realistic, sees life clearly and objective about owns observation  Judge people correctly  Has a superior perception, more decisive  Has a clear notion on what is right and wrong  Is usually accurate in predicting future events  Understand art, music, politics and philosophy  Possesses humility, listen to others carefully  Is dedicated to some work, task, duty or vocation  Highly creative, flexible, spontaneous, courageous and willing to make mistakes
  12. 12. MASLOW’S CHARACTERISTICS OF A SELF- ACTUALIZED PERSON  Open to new ideas  Is self-confident and has self-respect  Has a low degree of self-conflict, personality is integrated  Respects self, does not need fame, possesses a feeling of self control  Is highly independent, desires privacy  Can appear remote and detached  Is friendly, loving and governed more by inner directives than by society
  13. 13. MASLOW’S CHARACTERISTICS OF A SELF- ACTUALIZED PERSON  Can make decisions contrary to popular opinion  Is problem-centered rather than self-centered  Accepts the world what it is.
  14. 14. To enjoy good health, to bring true happiness to one's family, to bring peace to all, one must first discipline and control one's own mind. If a man can control his mind he can find the way to Enlightenment, and all wisdom and virtue will naturally come to him. - Buddha