Other Health Impairment #2


Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Other Health Impairment #2

  1. 1. 1 Other HealthOther Health Impairment (OHI)Impairment (OHI) Lolita SiguenzaLolita Siguenza Eleanor QuichochoEleanor Quichocho ED443G Adaptive Assistive TechnologyED443G Adaptive Assistive Technology Dr. Jacqui CyrusDr. Jacqui Cyrus November 20, 2008November 20, 2008
  2. 2. 2 IDEA DefinitionIDEA Definition Other health impairment means having limited strength, vitality or alertness, including a heightened alertness to environmental stimuli, that results in limited alertness with respect to the educational environment, that: (i) is due to chronic or acute health problems such as asthma, attention deficit disorder or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, diabetes, epilepsy, a heart condition, hemophilia, lead poisoning, leukemia, nephritis, rheumatic fever, and sickle cell anemia; and (ii) adversely affects a child's educational performance [34 C.F.R. 300.7(c)(9)]
  3. 3. 3 ObjectivesObjectives At the end of this presentation, you should be able to:  Describe characteristics of other health impairments.  Understand causes of other health impairments.  Lists accommodations and strategies to implement in the classroom
  4. 4. 4 These students are unable to function physically and/or academically with peers of the same age and grade expectancy level. They require the provision of specialized instructional services and modification in order to participate in the school program.
  5. 5. 5 CharacteristicsCharacteristics  Miss school frequently  physical restrictions  Inattentiveness  Other medication side effects
  6. 6. 6 CommonCommon Other HealthOther Health ImpairmentImpairment 1. Asthma 2. ADD 3. ADHD 4. Diabetes These health conditions impair a student’s ability to perform successfully in their education UNLESS MODIFICATIONS ARE MADE.
  7. 7. 7 ASTHMAASTHMA Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airway“ that causes the following symptoms;  Shortness of breath, coughing  Tightness in the chest and wheezing Teachers can help by 8. Managing asthma episodes 9. Follow a student’s action plan
  8. 8. 8 AsthmaAsthma continuationcontinuation Asthma has no set pattern. Its symptoms:  Mild, moderate or severe  Vary from person to person  Flare up from time to time  Vary from one episode to the next Cause of asthma is not known, and currently there is no cure
  9. 9. 9 Attention DeficitAttention Deficit Hyperactive DisorderHyperactive Disorder ADHD: Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is • person to sit still, • control behavior • pay attention.
  10. 10. 10 DiabetesDiabetes  Diabetes happens when someone's body does not have enough insulin.  Insulin converts sugar, starches or other food into energy.  Diabetes (sixth deadliest disease)sixth deadliest disease) in the U.S. Teachers can help by: 12.Monitor symptoms hyper- or hypoglycemia 13.Knowing first aid processes Did you know... if a child is diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at the age of 5, by the time they are 18, they will have endured at least18,980 finger pokes?
  11. 11. 11 Less common HealthLess common Health ImpairmentsImpairments 1. Epilepsy 2. Heart Conditions 3. Hemophilia 4. Cancer 5. HIV “These health conditions impair a student’s ability to perform successfully in their education UNLESS MODIFICATIONS ARE MADE.”
  12. 12. 12 Epilepsy?Epilepsy? Seizures is caused • electrical discharge from the brain. • Single seizures do not recur or require treatment. • provoked by acute events (brain tumor, etc) Teachers can help by: 8. Identifying/eliminating environmental factors that trigger seizures 9. Provide classmates with factual information on seizures
  13. 13. 13 Absence SeizureAbsence Seizure (Petit Mal Seizure)(Petit Mal Seizure) causes a brief clouding or loss of consciousness.  occur in young children - daydreaming.  stares blankly, eyes blink, roll backwards  recover quickly  occur many times a day and  brought on by hyperventilation  The child doesn’t know that he just had a seizure.
  14. 14. 14 Generalized tonic-clonicGeneralized tonic-clonic seizuresseizures (Grand Mal)(Grand Mal) Before a seizure begins, aura.  unconscious  Eyes rolled back, body goes stiff  breathe irregularly  Drool and lose bladder control  usually lasts 10 to 30 seconds During the clonic phase:  jerking of the muscles  usually sleepy or disoriented and headache
  15. 15. 15 Heart ConditionsHeart Conditions Congenital present at birth Acquired - developed over time Develop during childhood and are temporary Many heart conditions are chronic Others are acute — they happen suddenly, with severity, and end quickly.
  16. 16. 16 HemophiliaHemophilia Hemophilia is caused • Coagulation or clotting of the blood • Bruising and bleeding • Bleed for hours/days after minor cut or surgery
  17. 17. 17 CancerCancer Cancer Cells:  grow out of control,  abnormal sizes and shapes,  ignore typical boundaries inside the body,  destroy neighbor cells  ultimately spread (or metastasize) to other organs and tissues. • body's nutrition. Cancer • takes a child's strength Teachers can help by: 12.Including students in activities with their peers as much as possible 13.Creating a secure environment where the child can succeed, but does not feel as if he/she is being treated differently
  18. 18. 18 LeukemiaLeukemia • large numbers of abnormal white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow. • abnormal white cells crowd the bone marrow and flood the bloodstream • can’t perform their proper role of protecting the body against disease because they are defective.
  19. 19. 19 Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) • damages immune system and attacks the brain • resulting in developmental delay and increased susceptibility to infection • Transmitted once entered into the bloodstream • Passed through fetus by mother • HIV causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) Teachers face three issues: 10.Confidentiality 11.Preventing transmission (universal precautions) 12.Understanding how the condition affects learning and behavior
  20. 20. 20 Lead PoisoningLead Poisoning • Illness caused by ingesting or inhaling lead • result in anemia and damage to many organs, including the brain, kidneys, liver, and gastrointestinal system.
  21. 21. 21 Rheumatic FeverRheumatic Fever A disease in which there is tissue inflammation  Fever and pain  Stiffness of the joints  Small, solid nodules under the skin  Involuntary movements that affect the gait, arm movements and speech.
  22. 22. 22 Sickle Cell AnemiaSickle Cell Anemia • one type of anemia • an inherited, lifelong disease • affects millions of people worldwide • there are treatments for the symptoms and complications of the disease Teachers can help students by • Avoiding stressors (heat, cold, poor diet, inadequate liquids) • Observing students for symptoms of pain and consider the emotional aspects of dealing with pain
  23. 23. 23 Assistive TechnologyAssistive Technology Low and High TechLow and High Tech  Videotaping class sessions for students  Textbooks on tape  Laptop or portable word processor to take notes  Audio recorders to record lessons  Screen reading software  Voice recognition software  Word prediction software  Computers with speech input  Adaptive keyboard, mouse, etc. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HXchQnJ6PoE
  24. 24. 24 AccommodationsAccommodations  flexible time limits  freedom to use bathroom or drinking fountain  frequent breaks  reduced assignments  alternative grading scale  safe Place  alternative assignments when absent frequently
  25. 25. 25 StrategiesStrategies  Caring, nurturing classroom environment  Teach students about the health impairment  Use of visuals  Hands-on learning  Cooperative learning  Buddy system  Give short, concise directions  Teach lessons that allow for movement  Allow for frequent, positive feedback
  26. 26. 26 SummarySummary Students miss so many days of school due to illnesses beyond their control. Most students actually want to go to school and being with their friends helps them to feel NORMAL. As educators it is very important to accommodate children from falling too far behind by sending work home or providing a tutor in the child’s home or after school.
  27. 27. 27 Provoking QuestionsProvoking Questions 1. Can children with Other Health Impairment get help to attend school or to learn at home? 2. How does growing up in an exceptional family affect siblings of kids with Other Health Impairment? 3. What can we do as a community to assist children with Other Health Impairment?
  28. 28. 28 ReferencesReferences 1. Nichcy http://www.nichcy.org/Disabilities/Specific/Pages/Epilepsy.asp 3. CEC http://www.cec.sped.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=About_CE 4. Health Newsflash http://www.healthnewsflash.com/conditions/seizures_and_epi 4. Fifth Edition Including Students with Special Needs, A Practical Guide for Classroom Teachers by Marilyn Friend and William D. Bursuck
  29. 29. 29 The EndThe End Eleanor Quichocho Lolita Siguenza Thank You!