Hitler becoming a Chancellor • July 1932 elections. Nazis largest party but not deHe became a mayority one.Chancellor in 1933 •Hitler wanted to become a Chancellor Hindenburg refused and chose Von papen Hindenburg thought that if •Von papen resigned. Hitler was a •December 1932 Von Chancellor he Schleicher become the new could be under Chancellor their control • January 1933, Hitler was ofered to become Chancellor.
Two important events… At first Hitler was in a precarious position but by different methods he gain power. E V THE NIGHTTHE REICHTAG FIRE: 27 OF THEFebruary 1933 the E LONGreichtag building burnt KNIVES: N 29-39down. T June. Enabling act: S allowed Hitler tu take decisions and no one could interfere
The policeand the Nazi contorl of The SS.courts. Germany. Concentrtation The Gestapo. Camps.
Little Opposition. •If someone criticized the Nazis it had to be in private. Mostly because of their reaction. •They may killed you or put you in prison.
PR Joseph Goebbels createdO the propaganda of Hitler. HeP always knew what to publishA according of what was convenient for Hitler.GA He made the people loyalN to the NazisD and Hitler.A
Persecution of minorties Nazis believed in superiority of the Arian racehomosexuals They persecute members of other races gypses Mentally handicapped people
Kristallnatch A Jew killed a Hitler took this like an German in Paris. excuse to start killing(1939) jews. • 91 Jews were killed • Twenty thousand were taken to concentration camps. Lots left the country, this event was called “The night of Broken glass”.
HITLER AND THE JEWS CRITICISED IN EUROPE.Jews • BLAMED BY THE DEATH OF JESUS • HATED BECAUSE THEY RUN SUCCESFULL BUSINESS JEWS MURDERED HATED BY consequences AND HITLER TORTURED
The ghettos •The Nazis wanted to (1939 Poland defeated) “Germanizing” western Poland. • Polish Jews were taken intoSealed areas. Old andsick people were killed or Ghettosleft to die of hunger anddisease. Young peoplewere used for slave work
Mass Death CampsMurder. (1941) January 1942 Germany invaded USSR. discussion of the “Final Solution” for the “Jewish Question”. The SS and the • Fisrt it was successful, Gestapo were in charge of but then 3millions killing Jews Russians Jews were against them. • Germas shoot communsist and jews. • 1941 was in Eastern Europe. • Jews in German were forced to use the Star of David.
“The final solution”Historians think it was all planned by Hitler from the beginning and he was no the only responsible. Police forces in Germany and occupied lands The SS The Wehrmatch (German armed forces) Industry German people Civil Service