The Independence of Spanish South America
Discontent in the Colonies <ul><ul><li>The naval blockade of Spain by the UK made it almost impossible for the colonies an...
Pretext for Independence <ul><li>In Spain Napoleon put his brother Joseph in place as king (1808).  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
Joseph Bonaparte
Independence <ul><li>The independence of South America was not a peaceful social movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Instead, inde...
Simón Bolivar and Jose de San Martín
Viceroyalty of Río de la Plata <ul><li>This was a focus point of rebellion.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1810 Buenos Aires cr...
The Viceroyalty of Neuva Granada <ul><li>In 1810 Carcas was the center of rebellion which was being lead by Bolivar and Fr...
Viceroyalty of Peru <ul><li>Peru was one of the loyalist strongholds in South America. There were no major rebellions ther...
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The independence of Spanish South America Stephanie Galgano

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The independence of Spanish South America Stephanie Galgano

  1. 1. The Independence of Spanish South America
  2. 2. Discontent in the Colonies <ul><ul><li>The naval blockade of Spain by the UK made it almost impossible for the colonies and Spain to have constant communication. The colonies were very isolated. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The ideals of the American (1776) and French (1789) Revolutions had spread to South America </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The colonies had to defend and finance the same people who were unhappy with the administrative and financial decisions made by the Spanish Crown. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Pretext for Independence <ul><li>In Spain Napoleon put his brother Joseph in place as king (1808). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Joseph was seen as illegitamate by the majority of Spanish people. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>So the local provincial governments and leaders in South America felt this gave them enough reason to revolt. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Joseph Bonaparte
  5. 5. Independence <ul><li>The independence of South America was not a peaceful social movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Instead, independence was won in a series of military battles. </li></ul><ul><li>The movement was very long (1808-1825), and very bloody. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In addition to the wars with the Spanish crown, there were many civil wars. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This movement (and the battles), were largely lead by Simón Bolivar and Jose de San Martín </li></ul>
  6. 6. Simón Bolivar and Jose de San Martín
  7. 7. Viceroyalty of Río de la Plata <ul><li>This was a focus point of rebellion. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1810 Buenos Aires created it´s own independent government, and in 1816 it declared it´s independence as the Republic of Argentina </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General José de San Martín lead an expedition from Buenos Aires to conquer Chile. After a victory at Chocabuco (1817), General Bernardo O’Higgins declared Chile independent in 1818. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Viceroyalty of Neuva Granada <ul><li>In 1810 Carcas was the center of rebellion which was being lead by Bolivar and Francisco de Mirada. After several military battles, Bolivar won independence for the following countries: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colombia (battle of Boyacá, 1819) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Venzuela (battle of Carabobo, 1821) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecuador (battle of Pichinicha, 1822) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They became known as the Republic of Greater Colombia, and then in 1830 each country became independent. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Viceroyalty of Peru <ul><li>Peru was one of the loyalist strongholds in South America. There were no major rebellions there, and in fact they sent troops to Ecuador and Chile to supress rebellions. </li></ul><ul><li>Independence was brought in from the outside from other countries armies. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1821 San Martín proclaimed Peru’s independence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In 1824 Bolivar defeated the Spanish military at Junin and Ayacucho in 1824. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper Peru separated from the rest of the country in 1825 and became Bolvia in honor of Bolivar. </li></ul></ul>

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