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Interrobang India Quiz 2018 Finals

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Interrobang India Quiz 2018 Finals

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Finals of the India Quiz held at Interrobang 2018, the fifth edition of the NALSAR Quiz Festival. No videos embedded, so it can be viewed directly on SlideShare.

Finals of the India Quiz held at Interrobang 2018, the fifth edition of the NALSAR Quiz Festival. No videos embedded, so it can be viewed directly on SlideShare.

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Interrobang India Quiz 2018 Finals

  1. 1. INDIA QUIZ ‽ N T E R R O B A N G 2 0 1 8 Researched and conducted by Lokesh Kaza 21st January 2018
  2. 2. PRESENTED BY Experience Partner Associate Sponsors
  3. 3. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS • Balaji Subramanian • Vishnu Sumanth • Major Chandrakant Nair • Rumaiza Fathima • Abid Abdulla • Rushabh Menon • TPS Harsha • Manav Kapur • Anjaneya Das • Karthik Suresh
  4. 4. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Content Team • Abhishek Babbar • Anirudh Singh • Anubhav Sachdeva • Jayavardhan Josyula • Samiha Gopal • Siddarth Rajeevan Organising Team • Akash Prasad • Aparajita Kaul • Nipuna Varman • Sachit Kapoor • Yash Bhagwat
  5. 5. FINALS •48 questions •Round I: Written (8 questions) •Round II: Clockwise dries (15 questions) •Round III: Written (8 questions) •Round IV: Anticlockwise dries (15 questions)
  6. 6. ROUND I: WRITTEN • 8 questions in total • +5 for each correct answer, +5 bonus • Theme: 2017, The Year That Was
  7. 7. 1. Chakradhar Alla is a 27-year old from Hyderabad who received a cash prize of Rs. 1 lakh in October last year after creating this, which got selected among from around 100 entries. A three-member screening committee headed by renowned painter and architect Satish Gujral, picked Chakradhar’s creation. The creation incorporates something which is no longer found in India, but aptly represents what the project stands for. It also has blue and red lines, which according to sources symbolise a sense of calm and reliability. What did he create? What does it incorporate?
  8. 8. 2. • First published in 1965, the eccentric inventor Professor Shonku lives in Giridh near the river Usri and has a cat named Newton. He is a polyglot and has several fantastic inventions to his name. He often goes on many adventures in both real and imaginary places, some with historical learnings and with revelations related to human civilisation. • Recently, an article in The Hindu noted the similarities between this and a pop culture phenomenon, which began in 2013 and resurfaced (for the third time) in 2017. • Who was the creator of Professor Shonku? • What was it compared to in the article?
  9. 9. 3. • In October, a 42-year-old DJ in Goa noticed a puzzling comment on his Instagram. It was abusive, but without any clear reason. The next day, more strange comments (some with a hashtag) began to appear on his account. In mid-December, the number of abusive comments intensified and the DJ told the Verge later, “I've been getting death [threats] and abusive calls the whole night, since we are 10 and half hours ahead of your time [in India]”. From fewer than 100 daily visitors to his website, the numbers shot up to several thousand. Some comments suggesting that the DJ change his name were also seen. • What was the uproar all about, which was reminiscent of the trouble faced by the Sunrisers Hyderabad coach?
  10. 10. • Members of two bodies X and Y of the Civil Services got into a tiff in 2017, over who got to keep the 3-letter abbreviation. • While cadre from X claim that X is the older among the two (having been used since 1946), those in Y claim that the name X itself is an oxymoron considering that two words in X are paradoxical to each other. • What are X and Y? (with full expansions, obviously) 4.
  11. 11. 5. • One of the oldest railway stations in India began to attract tourists after hundreds of trained individuals undertook the project. The aim was for it to be a beautification and cleanliness exercise and was also intended to highlight the skill of these individuals. • Which railway station was all this happening in?
  12. 12. 6. • When Rajinikanth recently announced his entry into politics, he made statements promising a political revolution and said that he would embark on a path of ‘spiritual politics’ devoid of caste, religion, etc. • He went on to cite incidents from the history of Tamil Nadu, saying it was a state which had overseen major political events/decisions, including a 1921 decision that turned heads in Madurai for the first time, and was a radical alteration of sorts. • What decision, which garnered national support (but also attracted international ridicule) was referred to by Rajinikanth?
  13. 13. 7. • Founders Prashant and Praveen Udupa bought up some real estate when the market was in a slump immediately after demonetisation. To make sure that their space gives the best possible experience to their customers, they hired an award-winning company that they met at a Bengaluru trade-show, to buy amplifiers, speaker systems, acoustic materials and DLP projectors. The seating materials, placement and colour themes were handpicked by the founders to ensure that the place comes off as both professional and personal at the same time. “We are trying to alter customers’ buying behaviour from one of ‘buying tickets’ to that of ‘renting a theatre’. We are creating this whole new market.”, they say. • What service does this startup offer at its location in Girinagar, Bangalore?
  14. 14. 8. • In 2017, a unique memorial honouring this individual was inaugurated by Narendra Modi in Tamil Nadu. • While the person is known to us for other reasons, playing the rudra veena (as seen in this art installation inside the memorial) and writing Tamil poetry were a few lesser known facets. • Whose memorial is this?
  15. 15. EXCHANGE SHEETS
  16. 16. 1. Chakradhar Alla is a 27-year old from Hyderabad who received a cash prize of Rs. 1 lakh in October last year after creating this, which got selected among from around 100 entries. A three-member screening committee headed by renowned painter and architect Satish Gujral, picked Chakradhar’s creation. The creation incorporates something which is no longer found in India, but aptly represents what the project stands for. It also has blue and red lines, which according to sources symbolise a sense of calm and reliability. What did he create? What does it incorporate?
  17. 17. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  18. 18. BULLET TRAIN PROJECT LOGO; CHEETAH
  19. 19. 2. • First published in 1965, the eccentric inventor Professor Shonku lives in Giridh near the river Usri and has a cat named Newton. He is a polyglot and has several fantastic inventions to his name. He often goes on many adventures in both real and imaginary places, some with historical learnings and with revelations related to human civilisation. • Recently, an article in The Hindu noted the similarities between this and a pop culture phenomenon, which began in 2013 and resurfaced (for the third time) in 2017. • Who was the creator of Professor Shonku? • What was it compared to in the article?
  20. 20. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  21. 21. SATYAJIT RAY; RICK AND MORTY
  22. 22. 3. • In October, a 42-year-old DJ in Goa noticed a puzzling comment on his Instagram. It was abusive, but without any clear reason. The next day, more strange comments (some with a hashtag) began to appear on his account. In mid-December, the number of abusive comments intensified and the DJ told the Verge later, “I've been getting death [threats] and abusive calls the whole night, since we are 10 and half hours ahead of your time [in India]”. From fewer than 100 daily visitors to his website, the numbers shot up to several thousand. Some comments suggesting that the DJ change his name were also seen. • What was the uproar all about, which was reminiscent of the trouble faced by the Sunrisers Hyderabad coach?
  23. 23. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  24. 24. HIS NAME WAS AJIT PAI
  25. 25. 4. • Members of two bodies X and Y of the Civil Services got into a tiff in 2017, over who got to keep the 3-letter abbreviation. • While cadre from X claim that X is the older among the two (having been used since 1946), those in Y claim that the name X itself is an oxymoron considering that two words in X are paradoxical to each other. • What are X and Y? (with full expansions, obviously)
  26. 26. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  27. 27. INDIAN FOREIGN SERVICE, INDIAN FOREST SERVICE
  28. 28. 5. • One of the oldest railway stations in India began to attract tourists after hundreds of trained individuals undertook the project. The aim was for it to be a beautification and cleanliness exercise and was also intended to highlight the skill of these individuals. • Which railway station was all this happening in?
  29. 29. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  30. 30. MADHUBANI
  31. 31. 6. • When Rajinikanth recently announced his entry into politics, he made statements promising a political revolution and said that he would embark on a path of ‘spiritual politics’ devoid of caste, religion, etc. • He went on to cite incidents from the history of Tamil Nadu, saying it was a state which had overseen major political events/decisions, including a 1921 decision that turned heads in Madurai for the first time, and was a radical alteration of sorts. • What decision, which garnered national support (but also attracted international ridicule) was referred to by Rajinikanth?
  32. 32. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  33. 33. GANDHI SHEDDING HIS TRADITIONAL ATTIRE AND WEARING A LOIN
  34. 34. 7. • Founders Prashant and Praveen Udupa bought up some real estate when the market was in a slump immediately after demonetisation. To make sure that their space gives the best possible experience to their customers, they hired an award-winning company that they met at a Bengaluru trade-show, to buy amplifiers, speaker systems, acoustic materials and DLP projectors. The seating materials, placement and colour themes were handpicked by the founders to ensure that the place comes off as both professional and personal at the same time. “We are trying to alter customers’ buying behaviour from one of ‘buying tickets’ to that of ‘renting a theatre’. We are creating this whole new market.”, they say. • What service does this startup offer at its location in Girinagar, Bangalore?
  35. 35. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  36. 36. YOU CAN CONNECT YOUR NETFLIX/OTHER STREAMING CHANNELS AND WATCH IN A THEATRE
  37. 37. 8. • In 2017, a unique memorial honouring this individual was inaugurated by Narendra Modi in Tamil Nadu. • While the person is known to us for other reasons, playing the rudra veena (as seen in this art installation inside the memorial) and writing Tamil poetry were a few lesser known facets. • Whose memorial is this?
  38. 38. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  39. 39. APJ ABDUL KALAM
  40. 40. ROUND II: CLOCKWISE DRIES • 15 questions • Infinite bounce, with pounce • +10 for a direct, on the pass and on correct pounces • -5 for incorrect pounces • Teams cannot pounce on their own direct • If no team answers, question goes back to the same team
  41. 41. 1. • Sir Arthur Cotton was a British general who devoted his life to the construction of irrigation and navigation canals throughout British India, especially in what is today's Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Some of his iconic projects include the Prakasam Barrage, the Dowleswaram Barrage and the Kurnool Cuddappah Canal. In 1858, after droughts in Orissa and its nearby regions, Cotton envisaged an idea, which has gained enormous traction over the past few years. What idea was this? • As he was a revered figure in the history of the state of Andhra Pradesh, he became part of an illustrious group of 33 (the only non- Telugu/non-Deccan figure) who were commemorated in Hyderabad in a particular way. How would you have seen this
  42. 42. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  43. 43. INTERLINKING OF RIVERS
  44. 44. STATUES ON TANK BUND IN HYDERABAD
  45. 45. 2. • One of the most well-known landmarks in this city, this engineering marvel has been severely threatened in recent years owing to a ubiquitous Indian habit. While the structure, completed in 1943, has withstood the weight of its teeming human load, officials say it cannot continue to survive the outcome of the habit. • The problem had to be addressed when officials realized that the bases reduced to half of their original size owing to the highly corrosive nature of the acidic slake lime and paraffin involved. As a preventive measure, a £20,000 project to provide protective fibre glass covers at the bases began in 2013. Officials also mooted the idea of installing pictures of gods and goddesses as an alternative to the glass covers. • Which landmark is this? What habit has led to structural integrity concerns?
  46. 46. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  47. 47. HOWRAH BRIDGE/RABINDRA SETU BRIDGE
  48. 48. SPITTING PAAN/GUTKA
  49. 49. 3. • The Vikramshila Sanctuary in Bhagalpur District of Bihar is the only one of its kind in the country. Spanning a stretch of 50 km, it was designated in 1991 but an inadequate presence of law-enforcement in the sanctuary areas till the late 1990s led to frequent poaching of the sanctuary’s most important inhabitants. • Sunil Kumar Choudhary, a conservationist then decided to undertake a padyatra to create awareness so that these inhabitants did not threaten the daily existence of a specific 8,000-strong community who lived in the area. An announcement, made in 2009, was hugely beneficial to the rest of the country finding out about the existence of the sanctuary and its inhabitants. • What was this sanctuary set up to protect? What was the 2009 announcement?
  50. 50. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  51. 51. THE GANGES RIVER DOLPHIN
  52. 52. NOTIFIED AS THE NATIONAL AQUATIC ANIMAL OF INDIA
  53. 53. 4. • After the BJP government in Rajasthan had opted to delete chapters on this from school textbooks, it was a moment of irony when a unique memorial celebrating it was unveiled in Beawar in 2016. Hundreds of people gathered for the unveiling, which also commemorated a famous dharna that happened for over 40 days in 1996. Justice SN Bhargava, who unveiled the memorial said it was befitting and a matter of pride that such a memorial has been constructed. The judge also said that the memorial would give inspiration to millions in the country. • What does this memorial commemorate, which was also the demand made by those doing the dharna?
  54. 54. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  55. 55. THIS IS AN 'RTI MEMORIAL', IN TRIBUTE TO THE HISTORIC DHARNA STAGED BY THE MAZDOOR KISAN SHAKTI SANGATHAN WHO DEMANDED THE RIGHT TO INFORMATION.
  56. 56. 5. • Tumhari Sulu is a 2017 comedy-drama film starring Vidya Balan as the titular character, an ambitious housewife who becomes a radio jockey for a late-night relationship advice show. A day after the film was released, a statement made by a 20-year old individual in China impressed Balan who felt that the statement resonated with her film. • In an interview, Balan said, “X’s answer underlines what we were trying to say in my recent film. People have acknowledged that a mother and homemaker’s contribution is always undervalued and it has diminished further after women started stepping out to earn”. • Who is X, and in what context was this statement made?
  57. 57. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  58. 58. MANUSHI CHHILLAR’S ANSWER IN THE QUESTION-ANSWER ROUND OF THE MISS WORLD 2017 PAGEANT
  59. 59. 6. • Hiralal Masani is a Porbandar-based businessman who spent as much as Rs 3 lakh last year for Kuber’s refurbishment, after it was returned to him. During the refurbishment, he decided to not only give it a different look but also a new name. • He had initially wanted to completely do away with the name Kuber but as it was registered under that name, he did not succeed in the attempt. Masani therefore renamed it the Shri Ganesha Kuber, to appease the lord of good luck and to make sure that evil forces stayed away this time around. • Who/what is Kuber and why was Kuber not in Masani’s possession for sometime over the past decade?
  60. 60. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  61. 61. FISHING TRAWLER HIJACKED BEFORE THE 26/11 MUMBAI ATTACKS
  62. 62. 7. • Sucralose, an artificial sweetener, was discovered in 1976, by two chemists at Queen Elizabeth College London, Leslie Hough and Shashikant Phadnis. The discovery, like many others, was quite accidental. • The duo were mixing various batches of sucrose with other chemicals, when Hough asked his colleague to run some chemical tests on one of the batches to which some chlorinators were added. • In what way did his very Maharashtrian colleague misunderstand him (and do something different), leading to the discovery? • What?
  63. 63. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  64. 64. TASTING INSTEAD OF TESTING IT
  65. 65. 8. • In 1927, a cricket team named Gilligan’s XI was sent to India to play at the Chepauk stadium. Twenty-five year old Ernest Cowdrey was included in the Madras Europeans XI side for the one-day game against the visitors and top-scored with 48, even earning an entry in Wisden. • This right-hand batsman, in later years became so determined that his son should play for England that when the boy was born in Bangalore, he named him Michael Colin. • How did this particular match and the father’s love for cricket influence the naming of his son?
  66. 66. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  67. 67. HIS INITIALS ARE MCC, IN HONOUR OF THE MARYLEBONE CRICKET CLUB WHO HAD SENT THE GILLIGAN’S XI TEAM TO INDIA
  68. 68. 9. • The beginning of this process is manual and assistance is provided by placing plastic cups on paper. After a couple of hours, the cups are removed and each circle around which the cup was placed is marked bearing the ‘output’, usually between 400-500, each the size of a pinhead. • Towards the end of the process, locally-made equipment called chandrike are used for this ‘output’. The chandrike is a large coir mat upon which long strips of woven bamboo (5-6 cm high) are concentrically mounted in a spiral configuration giving little space (about 2 inches) between the strips. Bamboo is used because it provides the best absorbent surface for quick drying. The equipment is necessary for 58- 60 hours, after which it is disinfected thoroughly before reuse. • What is all of this done for?
  69. 69. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  70. 70. SERICULTURE
  71. 71. 10. • While many of the documents were ordered to be destroyed, there were a few that survived. These include a journal that was written entirely in Urdu, and which journalist Shrabani Basu translated a few years ago. The translations reveal fascinating insights into the author’s life. It was also revealed by Basu that the author’s Urdu teacher had created a phrase book of everyday Urdu words and had written them out in the Roman script. The phrases included standard ones such as: “You may go home if you like” (Tum ghar jao agar chhate ho) and “The egg is not boiled enough”. • There were other intriguing phrases such as “Hold me tight” (Ham ko mazbut thamo), which could have led to them being destroyed. • Who was the author? • Who was the Urdu teacher?
  72. 72. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  73. 73. QUEEN VICTORIA, ABDUL KARIM
  74. 74. 11. • The chaplain of this city’s Holy Trinity Church approached British commander Walter Windham to help him raise funds for a new hostel. A trade exhibition was going on at that time and Windham came up with an idea that would bring in some revenue from those attending the exhibition. The idea involved interested people sending something to the chaplain along with a sum of six annas, which was set aside for the hostel. Whatever the people sent had to be lesser than one ounce or it was not accepted, considering that weight had an important role to play. • Thousands of people who had come to the city for something else altogether were able to see this at the Polo ground. Another spot outside the city had to be cleared specially for the occasion by convicts from the central jail nearby. • What idea did Windham come up with?
  75. 75. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  76. 76. WORLD'S FIRST OFFICIAL AIR MAIL BY AIRPLANE, BETWEEN ALLAHABAD AND NAINI
  77. 77. KUMBH MELA
  78. 78. 12. • Razm Namah is a work commissioned by X in 1574 under the larger scheme of translating native works to help the majorly Muslim administration understand Indian society better. • The copies of the finished work were sent to members of royal families as gifts and according to a preface written by the historian in X's court, the intention behind these gifts and their distribution was very pious. • Who was X? (2.5) • What is the Razm Namah? (2.5) • What do these two illustrations in the work signify? (2.5 X 2)
  79. 79. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  80. 80. AKBAR, WHO PASSED AN ORDER TO TRANSLATE THE MAHABHARATA INTO PERSIAN.
  81. 81. BHEESHMA’S LYING ON A PILE OF ARROWS; ARJUNA PIERCING THE EYE OF A FISH WHILST ONLY LOOKING AT ITS REFLECTION
  82. 82. 13. • X was born in Berlin in 1908, and trained as an architect there at the Technical University. In 1933, he won the Schinkel Prize for Architecture for a design for the Olympic Stadium in Berlin. However, with the rise to power of the Nazi Party, X was forced to leave the country, as was his uncle, physicist Y. X later illustrated Y’s popularized physics text, The Restless Universe. • When Y was in Bangalore as a guest of C. V. Raman, the Diwan Mirza Ismail enquired if he knew of any trained architect. Thanks to Y's introduction, X was appointed chief architect and planner to Mysore State. His buildings during this period include some buildings in the Indian Institute of Science (1943–44) and the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR). • Who was X? • Who was Y, who won the 1954 Nobel Prize in Physics for his "fundamental research in quantum mechanics, especially in the statistical interpretation of the wave function”?
  83. 83. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  84. 84. OTTO KÖNIGSBERGER; MAX BORN
  85. 85. 14. • After coming to Chennai , she bought herself a few dresses, trinklets and cosmetics even though she had never used cosmetics in her life. She also bought a pair of spectacles - again a first-time purchase which she did not really require. A few others, with her included Sivarasan and Subha, Bhagyanathan, Haribabu (who was tasked with photography) and Arivu. • Haribabu was also tasked with buying something something else, which he did when he bought one made out of sandalwood at the Poompuhar Handicrafts on Mount Road. The woman’s churidar was a seemingly unusual dress in South India and was stitched at a shop at Purasawalkam the city. It was ordered to be made loose, and a number of people remembered it being rather garish. • In what context was all of this happening more than 25 years ago?
  86. 86. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  87. 87. ASSASSINATION OF RAJIV GANDHI
  88. 88. 15. • One of the famous anecdotes that goes on to explain the genesis behind a famous engineering marvel goes like this. Herbert Rumsey, the engineering contractor was stuck trying to find a solution to a particular problem. He explained the problem to his wife while ball- dancing with her and she came up with an innocent remark which showed Rumsey the way out of his problems. • Essentially, Rumsey’s wife said, “If you can't go forward, why don't you go back darling”, which in the context of the dance also referred to reversing back if one gets tucked into a corner. • What playful entity/marvel was this, which was declared as a World Heritage Site in December 1999? • How exactly did the statement inspire Rumsey’s work on the entity?
  89. 89. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  90. 90. DARJEELING HIMALAYAN RAILWAY TOY TRAIN
  91. 91. CONCEPT OF ZIG ZAG REVERSALS OR Z CURVES USED, ALLOWING FOR A GAIN IN ALTITUDE WITHOUT HAVING TO MAKE STEEP CLIMBS OR GO THROUGH TUNNELS
  92. 92. ROUND III: WRITTEN • 8 questions in total • 4 questions with a follow-up question for each • +5 for each correct answer, +5 bonus • Theme: Remnants Of The British Raj
  93. 93. 1. A. Frank Smythe was a mountaineer and botanist best known for his Himalayan explorations. In 1931, during his climb of Mount Kamet in the Garhwal region, he discovered an area where “it was impossible to take a step without crushing a ______.” He later named the region based on his experience, which is now a protected national park. What name did he give?
  94. 94. 1. B. • In 1936, Smythe carried out another expedition in the Himalayas when he noticed something through a high-powered telescope. This prompted him to write a letter to a certain Edward Norton stating, "I was scanning the face from base camp when I saw something queer in a gully below the scree shelf. Of course it was a long way away and very small, but I've a six/six eyesight and do not believe it was a rock. It’s not to be written about as the press would make an unpleasant sensation.” • Smythe was right to be concerned about possible sensationalism. When climber Conrad Anker discovered the same in 1999, photographs appeared in newspapers around the world. • What did Smythe supposedly notice and keep a secret?
  95. 95. 2. A. • A combination of different factors led to them being lost, or destroyed. Cities like Bombay, Madras and Calcutta had high heat and humidity levels that were extremely damaging. With no proper storage facilities, these were stored in warehouses where the adverse climatic conditions ate into them. • The fact that they were made of nitrocellulose meant that they were highly inflammable and could spontaneously combust even if they were stored carefully. Greed also had a large part to play as some individuals dumped them into chemical solutions to extract silver. • What are we talking about here?
  96. 96. 2.B. • After their purpose was completed, their financial backers found themselves with several of these, which were heavy and occupied space. Not knowing what to do with them, they would leave them somewhere knowing that the legal responsibility for dealing with them would then fall on the entity whose unwilling care they had left it in. However, this was a blessing in disguise considering that thousands of these were saved, owing to the entity passing these onto safe hands. • How were they disposed?
  97. 97. 3. A. • In 2007, C.P. Bhatia, an assistant commissioner of Income Tax in Kolkata discovered the grave of Scottish national James Wilson when he was posted there. Wilson was generally opposed to privileging the Church of England, the secret ballot when it was proposed in 1853, and the Corn Laws. • He wrote a pamphlet titled Influences of the Corn Laws, as affecting all classes of the community, and particularly the landed interests. It slowly received positive feedback and Wilson's fame had grown. He started to write for newspapers, including the Manchester Guardian. • In 1843 he established something to campaign for free trade, and acted as Chief editor and sole proprietor for sixteen years. • What did he establish?
  98. 98. 3. B. • Later, in life, Wilson overhauled the financial system in India. He delivered the first budget speech and proposed a new law in his capacity as the finance member of the India Council that advised the British in India. • This Act of 1861 conferred upon the government in India the monopoly of something, which brought to an end issues of monopoly enjoyed by private and presidency banks. The proposal that Wilson came up with for the first time can see its influence all across India today. • What did he propose?
  99. 99. 4.A. • After Germany were defeated in WW1, the Supreme War Council was tasked with shaping the boundaries of the newly independent Poland (Poland was now its own country after more than a hundred years of Prussian/ German rule). A boundary line was proposed by ______, who was then the British Foreign Secretary, and this line came to form the basis of much of the Poland-USSR boundary at the time. While it was overrun by the Russians in WW 2, Stalin however agreed to retain most of the original boundary and today it stands as most of the Polish borders between Russia, Belarus and Ukraine. • Who was this person?
  100. 100. 4. B. • This individual was involved in dividing up territories in this part of the world as well, and had done so when he made an announcement on 7th July 1905. Some were outraged at what they recognised as a "divide and rule" policy, where the colonisers turned the native population against itself in order to rule, even though the individual stressed it would produce administrative efficiency. • What announcement was this?
  101. 101. EXCHANGE SHEETS
  102. 102. 1. A. Frank Smythe was a mountaineer and botanist best known for his Himalayan explorations. In 1931, during his climb of Mount Kamet in the Garhwal region, he discovered an area where “it was impossible to take a step without crushing a ______.” He later named the region based on his experience, which is now a protected national park. What name did he give?
  103. 103. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  104. 104. VALLEY OF FLOWERS
  105. 105. 1. B. • In 1936, Smythe carried out another expedition in the Himalayas when he noticed something through a high-powered telescope. This prompted him to write a letter to a certain Edward Norton stating, "I was scanning the face from base camp when I saw something queer in a gully below the scree shelf. Of course it was a long way away and very small, but I've a six/six eyesight and do not believe it was a rock. It’s not to be written about as the press would make an unpleasant sensation.” • Smythe was right to be concerned about possible sensationalism. When climber Conrad Anker discovered the same in 1999, photographs appeared in newspapers around the world. • What did Smythe supposedly notice and keep a secret?
  106. 106. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  107. 107. GEORGE MALLORY’S BODY
  108. 108. 2. A. • A combination of different factors led to them being lost, or destroyed. Cities like Bombay, Madras and Calcutta had high heat and humidity levels that were extremely damaging. With no proper storage facilities, these were stored in warehouses where the adverse climatic conditions ate into them. • The fact that they were made of nitrocellulose meant that they were highly inflammable and could spontaneously combust even if they were stored carefully. Greed also had a large part to play as some individuals dumped them into chemical solutions to extract silver. • What are we talking about here?
  109. 109. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  110. 110. FILM REELS
  111. 111. 2.B. • After their purpose was completed, their financial backers found themselves with several of these, which were heavy and occupied space. Not knowing what to do with them, they would leave them somewhere knowing that the legal responsibility for dealing with them would then fall on the entity whose unwilling care they had left it in. However, this was a blessing in disguise considering that thousands of these were saved, owing to the entity passing these onto safe hands. • How were they disposed?
  112. 112. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  113. 113. THEY WERE DUMPED IN INDIAN RAILWAYS GOODS TRAINS, AND THE RAILWAYS HAD A LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY TO TRACK OWNERS (OR GIVE THEM TO CARETAKERS)
  114. 114. 3. A. • In 2007, C.P. Bhatia, an assistant commissioner of Income Tax in Kolkata discovered the grave of Scottish national James Wilson when he was posted there. Wilson was generally opposed to privileging the Church of England, the secret ballot when it was proposed in 1853, and the Corn Laws. • He wrote a pamphlet titled Influences of the Corn Laws, as affecting all classes of the community, and particularly the landed interests. It slowly received positive feedback and Wilson's fame had grown. He started to write for newspapers, including the Manchester Guardian. • In 1843 he established something to campaign for free trade, and acted as Chief editor and sole proprietor for sixteen years. • What did he establish?
  115. 115. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  116. 116. THE ECONOMIST
  117. 117. 3. B. • Later, in life, Wilson overhauled the financial system in India. He delivered the first budget speech and proposed a new law in his capacity as the finance member of the India Council that advised the British in India. • This Act of 1861 conferred upon the government in India the monopoly of something, which brought to an end issues of monopoly enjoyed by private and presidency banks. The proposal that Wilson came up with for the first time can see its influence all across India today. • What did he propose?
  118. 118. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  119. 119. INTRODUCTION OF PAPER CURRENCY
  120. 120. 4.A. • After Germany were defeated in WW1, the Supreme War Council was tasked with shaping the boundaries of the newly independent Poland (Poland was now its own country after more than a hundred years of Prussian/ German rule). A boundary line was proposed by ______, who was then the British Foreign Secretary, and this line came to form the basis of much of the Poland-USSR boundary at the time. While it was overrun by the Russians in WW 2, Stalin however agreed to retain most of the original boundary and today it stands as most of the Polish borders between Russia, Belarus and Ukraine. • Who was this person?
  121. 121. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  122. 122. LORD CURZON
  123. 123. 4. B. • This individual was involved in dividing up territories in this part of the world as well, and had done so when he made an announcement on 7th July 1905. Some were outraged at what they recognised as a "divide and rule" policy, where the colonisers turned the native population against itself in order to rule, even though the individual stressed it would produce administrative efficiency. • What announcement was this?
  124. 124. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  125. 125. PARTITION OF BENGAL
  126. 126. ROUND II: ANTI-CLOCKWISE DRIES • 15 questions • Infinite bounce, with pounce • +10 for a direct, on the pass and on correct pounces • -5 for incorrect pounces • Teams cannot pounce on their own direct • If no team answers, question goes back to the same team
  127. 127. 16. • This job is done by an internal committee, and has representatives from the Department of Archaeology, and the Ministry of Surface Transport, among others. The recommendations of this committee require the assent of the President. • To maintain uniformity, the committee follows certain broad parameters, which have been enumerated here. A lot of care is taken to ensure that those belonging to the same category have the same initial letter and describe similar/related objects. For instance, the committee came up with Kora, Kirch, Kulish and Karmuk for those belonging to one category. • What is this the protocol behind?
  128. 128. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  129. 129. NAMING CONVENTION FOR INDIAN NAVAL VESSELS
  130. 130. 17. • After it was established by Charu Sharma in 2014, the owners decided to finalize names and logos for their respective entities. One of the owners then began to work with the ad agency Ogilvy & Mather to come up with an identity for his side. • The name and accompanying logo that were finally chosen by this owner contained a nickname of the city that was being represented. However, there was also some amount of speculation on whether the naming choice was inspired by a 2009 project, which the owner’s spouse was involved in. • What did Sharma establish? • What naming choice was this?
  131. 131. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  132. 132. PRO KABADDI LEAGUE
  133. 133. JAIPUR PINK PANTHERS (AISHWARYA RAI HAD ACTED IN PINK PANTHER 2)
  134. 134. 18. • A 2000 report by Dr. Amit Nair, an environmental consultant, described how field researchers had been prevented from collecting a particular type of sample—one that was a suitable indicator for human exposure—from hospitals, due to government orders against helping private research. • Hence, they had to go door-to-door in specific residential areas to collect samples in 5 ml Teflon screwcap Borosil vials, store them at 0 °C at first, and later at −20 °C in laboratories for analysis. (Images follow.) • a) What was the purpose of the study? • b) What were the samples being collected?
  135. 135. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  136. 136. TO EXAMINE CHEMICAL CONTAMINATION IN AREAS CLOSE TO THE UNION CARBIDE PLANT IN BHOPAL THE SAMPLES WERE OF BREAST MILK.
  137. 137. 19. • In Alex von Tunzelmann’s Indian Summer, she describes a famous meeting that took place in London in 1931, between Gandhi who was there for the Round Table Conference, and X, who happened to be in London around that time. • X was later quoted as saying that he felt uneasy and terrified and did not know what to talk about on a subject he barely knew anything about. X recalled that he was nervous, and declared that he was sympathetic to India’s freedom struggle. He then asked Gandhi why he opposed the use of machines, to which Gandhi responded, “I am not against machines but I cannot bear it when these very machines take away a man’s work from him. Today we your slaves because we cannot overcome our attraction, for your goods. Freedom will surely be ours if we learn to free ourselves from this attraction.” • Who was X? What, according to Tunzelmnn did this exchange inspire in 1936?
  138. 138. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  139. 139. CHARLIE CHAPLIN
  140. 140. • Modern Times, in which Chaplin’s iconic Little Tramp character struggles to survive in the modern, industrialized world. The film is a comment on the desperate employment and financial conditions many people faced during the Great Depression, conditions created, in Chaplin's view, by the efficiencies of modern industrialization
  141. 141. 20. • It has been in the Archaeological Survey of India’s ‘reserve collection’ for decades and was put on public display at the Fort Museum in Fort St George complex in Chennai a few years ago. • Placed in an air tight wooden-glass showcase, it is surrounded by six bowls of silica gel to regulate humidity and absorb moisture. Appropriate temperature is maintained by round-the-clock air conditioning. Human sensor enabled LED lighting is used around the showcase and the lights turn on only if there are visitors around. • Made out of pure silk, some portions of it are in tatters owing to age, and it is considered to be the only one of its kind in the country. • What is put on display, and why is it unique?
  142. 142. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  143. 143. ONLY INDIAN NATIONAL FLAG HOISTED ON 15TH AUGUST 1947
  144. 144. 21. • One of the first individuals to attempt to dislodge this entity was the Pallava king Narasimhavarman, who ruled southern India from 630 to 668AD. Not for a lack of trying, the mission was unsuccessful, and a similar endeavour was undertaken in 1908 by the Governor of Madras, Arthur Lawley. He feared for the safety of the town at the base of the hill and is said to have used seven elephants to try to move it, also without any luck. • a) While its colloquial name means stone of the sky god, its popular English name derives from Hindu myth and refers to a mischievous activity a certain child was well known in indulging in. What is the English name, and where is this found at? • b) It is said that Raja Raja Chola was inspired by the balance of this massive stone boulder and it led to the creation of a particular GI entity albeit from a different town. ID the GI product.
  145. 145. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  146. 146. KRISHNA’S BUTTERBALL IN MAHABALIPURAM
  147. 147. THANJAVUR BOMMAI
  148. 148. 22. • The Venice Charter of 1964 states that the process of restoration is a highly specialized operation and to preserve historical value, original material is supposed to be used. In the 1970s, Indian archaeologists decided to restore the ‘feet’ by using new material, which would have gone against this rule. As this was a small aspect compared to the overall size, little notice was paid to the specifics of the Charter. The Indian government also assisted with works over the cliffs and checked for water drainage and erosion risk. • In 2013, a team from Germany began restoration work on the ‘feet’ once again, but this time, authorities ordered them to put down their tools, citing the Charter. • Why did another team have to begin restoration work, considering it had already been done previously?
  149. 149. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  150. 150. DESTRUCTION OF THE BAMIYAN BUDDHAS
  151. 151. 23. • In cinematography, Double Exposure is the superimposition of two or more exposures to create a single image. Before the advent of this technology in India, a very unique method was adopted to film scenes involving sky and flight. The artists had to walk on the studio walls with the camera placed at a low angle showing the sky and moving clouds. The frame line at the bottom would cut off the feet, giving the illusion that the person is flying. • This is the reason behind an erroneous portrayal in the Indian mythological films of the 1930s-1969s. What?
  152. 152. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  153. 153. THE TAMBURA DEPICTED AS NARADA’S INSTRUMENT (INSTEAD OF VEENA). THE VEENA WAS HEAVIER AND IT WAS DIFFICULT FOR THE ARTISTS TO CARRY IT AND BALANCE ON THE WALL AT THE SAME TIME
  154. 154. 24. • At the time, many questioned the spinelessness of the establishment. The incident has been decried as the reason for India being seen as particularly vulnerable. However, the inexplicable weakness and inaction was later attributed to a company called De La Rue plc, which has long held a near-total monopoly over the business of currency printing machines worldwide. The company’s then owner, Mr. Roberto Giori, was in Delhi on a business trip with his assistant. On Christmas Day, the Swiss government was informed of Giori's presence, and Foreign Minister Joseph Deiss had a long telephone conversation with Jaswant Singh in which he stressed on the need to protect Giori at any cost. The Swiss also sent a special envoy to the scene, who remained there for five days before escorting Giori home. Some historians suggest that it was Giori’s presence that ensured that the episode ended with a “New Year’s gift to India”, in the words of the principal antagonist. What event did Giori inadvertently influence in this way?
  155. 155. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  156. 156. HIJACKING OF IC-814
  157. 157. 25. • Bhagwan Mahaveer Sanctuary and Mollem National Park is a 240 sq. km protected area in the Western Ghats. Within the sanctuary is a railway station named after the attraction X it serves. The 2 railway routes for reaching X are: • 1) Collem-X • 2) Carambolim-Old Goa-Ponda-Tiska-Mollem-X • X (station code DWF OR DDS) has trains stopping there for a minute or so for technical reasons, but no tickets are issued to or from this station and it is not a commercial halt for trains. • Which station/place? Why is its appearance in a 2013 Bollywood film technically wrong? Images follow.
  158. 158. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  159. 159. CHENNAI EXPRESS (OR ANY TRAIN CONNECTING CHENNAI TO MUMBAI) DOESN’T GO VIA DUDHSAGAR FALLS
  160. 160. 26. • More than five decades ago, efforts began when a team headed by Robert Anderson began to import about 200 tons of Lerma Rojo and Sonora 64. Many obstacles were encountered before the cargo was finally loaded onto a freighter destined for Bombay. • Twelve hours into the freighter's voyage, the Indo-Pakistan war began which made led to doubts over the continuation of this project. However, an American individual in Anderson’s team decided to get to the task and the team often worked in sight of artillery flashes. Later, the massive success of the project and the individual led to William Gaud, a US administrator giving it a term that has been used ever since. • What exactly was being imported? • Who was the individual? What term did Gaud give?
  161. 161. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  162. 162. HIGH-YIELDING VARIETIES OF WHEAT BEING IMPORTED FROM MEXICO
  163. 163. NORMAN BORLAUG, GREEN REVOLUTION
  164. 164. 27. • X decided to travel to London to show something to artist William Rothenstein, so that Rothenstein could further ask Y to help X out with something. On arrival in London, X and his family took the underground railway. Awe-struck at the “sight of the modern marvels of the tube”, they forgot an attaché case which contained whatever X had brought from India. • Just before the scheduled meeting with Rothenstein, X realised that his attaché case was missing and asked his son to go to the London tube railway’s “lost property” office and try his luck. Thankfully, whatever was inside was intact. The visit to Rothenstein’s went ahead as scheduled and Y’s assistance was provided after all. • Who are X and Y in this context?
  165. 165. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  166. 166. TAGORE AND WB YEATS (YEATS HAD TO WRITE THE INTRODUCTION TO GITANJALI)
  167. 167. 28. • Nain Singh Rawat, who hailed from Kumaon was a Himalayan explorer who became the first man to survey Tibet. Due to the prevailing geo-political situation, explorers vied with each other to map the vastness of Central Asia and understand its people and customs. • As secrecy was paramount, Rawat disguised himself as a Tibetan monk and walked alone so as not to create suspicion. To conceal his tools, he hid his sextant in a false bottom of his travelling box, some mercury in cowrie shells and disguised travel records as prayers. • Where did he hide his compass, in which respect the disguise helped him? • What did he use to measure his steps during the journey?
  168. 168. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  169. 169. PRAYER WHEEL
  170. 170. EACH STEP TAKEN WAS COUNTED WITH A ROSARY BEAD
  171. 171. 29. • JM Tanner and RH Whitehouse were experts in the field of pediatric endocrinology who famously developed the Tanner-Whitehouse (TW) method. For this method, radiographs of the hand and wrist are taken so that twenty regions/angles of bones can be examined. The doctors developed the method using radiographs of children in the United Kingdom, and it has since then become standardized in several countries. • A few years ago, an Indian entity decided to adopt this method to try and address a controversial issue that was prevailing across the country (and still does), sometimes causing scope for international embarrassment. The method has been preferred as the margin of error in its results are quite low, and that can make all the difference for those who are made to undergo the scans. • What is this method used for? • What organization was this, and what issue was it trying to address?
  172. 172. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  173. 173. AGE CLASSIFICATION
  174. 174. BCCI, TO CHECK AGE FRAUD IN TOURNAMENTS
  175. 175. LAST QUESTION
  176. 176. 30. • The 500 cc engine of the Royal Enfield has more pulling power than other vehicle engines. A few years ago, a second-hand Bullet bike was purchased to attain the required speed. The handles of the bike were replaced with a steering and two wheels each were attached to the front and rear sides. • The distance between the front and back wheels was quite long which was necessary to set up the apparatus, and include space for a person to stand. A separate driver was required to move this vehicle but the apparatus concealed him and the steering. • Where was this vehicle used, until it was destroyed in April last year?
  177. 177. AND THE ANSWER IS…
  178. 178. BHALLALADEVA’S CHARIOT IN BAAHUBALI
  179. 179. FIN.

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