Luca Martinelli Europeana


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Luca Martinelli Europeana

  1. 1. The i2010 digital libraries initiative - Europeana Luca Martinelli European Commission DG Information Society and Media European Congress on e-Inclusion: ECEI09 Brussels 22-23 October 2009
  2. 2. EUROPEANA “More than a digital library!” • Text (books and other), image, video, sound • Common multilingual access point to Europe’s digital cultural heritage • A collaborative endeavour between libraries, museums, archives and audiovisual archives • Official launch on 20 November 2008 • Critical mass of content, user-friendly interface
  3. 3. Europeana: main features • Europeana supervised by the EDL- Foundation (established 8 November 2007) • Europeana Office in The Hague runs the service on a day-to-day basis • 4.5 million digital objects (images, texts, videos, sound recordings) » Target : 10 million objects in 2010 » Release of Europeana 1.0 in 2010
  4. 4. Framework conditions for digitisation, online accessibility and digital preservation 1)Work at political and legislative level: 2006: Recommendation to Member States •2008: First implementation report: some progress, but key areas deserve special attention: support to Europeana, funding of digitisation, copyright issues and digital preservation. •2010: Second implementation report • 2009: Communication “Europeana – next steps” • 2009: Communication “Copyright in the knowledge economy”
  5. 5. Framework conditions for digitisation, online accessibility and digital preservation 2)Work with stakeholders • High level group on digital libraries: forum for cooperation and sound advice on Copyright, Public-Private Partnerships and Access to Scientific Information. • Memorandum of Understanding on Orphan Works (due diligence guidelines) • Model licences for the digitisation and accessibility of out-of-print and out of distribution works
  6. 6. High Level Expert Group on Digital Libraries: report on Public Private Partnerships • Key recommendations • Public domain: Public domain content in the analogue world should remain in the public domain in the digital environment. If restrictions to user’s access and use are necessary in order to make the digital content available at all, these restrictions should only apply for a time-limited period. • Exclusivity: Exclusive arrangements for digitising and distributing the digital assets of cultural institutions should be avoided. • Re-use: Cultural institutions should aim to abide by the principles of the European Directive 2003/98/EC on the re-use of Public Sector Information (PSI)
  7. 7. Framework conditions for digitisation, online accessibility and digital preservation 3)Co-funding of projects through EU Programmes • eContentplus/CIP-ICT Programmes: support to Europeana, content aggregation • ICT Research (6th and 7th Framework Programmes): competence centers on digitisation, digital preservation research
  8. 8. Communication from the Commission Europeana – next steps • Adopted on 28-8-2009 • Accompanied by staff working document with a series of questions for public consultation • Gives an overview of where we stand with Europeana • Looks at two major areas: – More content for Europeana – Funding and governance issues
  9. 9. More content for Europeana
  10. 10. More content for Europeana, types of content • Big quantitative difference between Member States in terms of contribution • Different types of contributions from Member States (books, newspapers, museum objects) • Selection of content to be brought into Europeana determined by Member States and cultural institutions • Are there categories of content that are so important for the users that they should be available through Europeana?
  11. 11. More content for Europeana, in-copyright content • Avoid a “20th century black hole” • Collaboration between cultural institutions and rightholders necessary • Links to sites of rightholders (Gallica 2 model) • Licenses to digitise and make material available - Cross-border access is essential • Problem of orphan works – - Not enough progress in Member States • Difference with US legislation – - Cut-off date - 1923 - in US legislation ••• 12
  12. 12. More content for Europeana, public domain material • Commission has underlined the need to keep public domain material in the public domain after a format shift • In practice this is not always the case – Wide range of approaches in Europe • Legal question about rights created by digitisation • Issue of principle about locking up public domain material • Related to the issue of exclusive agreements based on public domain material – Report by High Level Group on Digital Libraries
  13. 13. The consultation • Three parts: – General questions (orientations for Europeana, features, identity) – Content for Europeana – Financing and governance • Deadline for submissions 15 November • Replies can be sent to: • Submissions will be made available online
  14. 14. Conclusions 2005-2009-Digital libraries initiative • The issue of Digital Libraries has raised a high level of political attention • Improved basic conditions for digitisation, online accessibility and digital preservation Europeana: not just a project! • Further engagement is necessary to make all digitised material accessible through Europeana and ensure long term sustainability • Your input into the public consultation is necessary at this strategically important moment Digital libraries are knowledge, innovation, creativity… Much work ahead of us!
  15. 15. More information Europeana Digital Libraries’ initiative /activities/digital_libraries/index_en.htm Contact: