Early Greeksand The Riseof City States


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Early Greeksand The Riseof City States

  1. 1. The Growth of Civilizations<br />UNIT 2<br />The Greek City States<br />
  2. 2. The EarlyGreeks and Rise of City-States<br />Objectives:<br /><ul><li>Analyzethe role thatgeographyplayed in earlyGreekhistory
  3. 3. Describe thedevelopment of theGreekcity-states</li></li></ul><li>The Sea and theLand<br />The geographyhadmuchto do withtheway de Greekslived<br />Location:<br />Fishers<br />Sailors<br />Traders<br />PeoplefromEgypt and FertilecrescentalsotraveledtoGreecebringinggoods and ideas<br />
  4. 4. EarlyGreekPeoples<br />The Minoans:<br />Develop in theisland of Crete<br />Namedafterthelegendaryking Minos<br />Minos palace at thecity of knossos.<br />The palace and homeshadrunningwater<br />Artistscoveredthepalacewallswithcolorfulfrescoes, otherartistscarved figures frombronze, gold, ivory, silver and stone<br />Minoansworshipped a bull and earthgodess<br />
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  6. 6. The Minoans:<br />Sailors and traders = poorsoil<br />Volcanoeruptiondestroymanycoastalsettlements.<br />MycenaeansfromtheGreekmainlandconqueredCrete.<br />Frescoes<br />
  7. 7. The Mycenaeans:<br />ControlledGreece<br />Tribes and clans<br />Each clan haditsownchief<br />Builtforts<br />Adopt Minian system of writing<br />Earthquakes and warfaredestroyedmanycities<br />
  8. 8. The Mycenaeans occupied most of Greece form the 17th century BC to the 12th century BC.One of there most effective weapon was the chariot.The Mycenaean chariot suffer an evolution thorough the period; one of those chariots was the dual chariot, that used two warriors.: a driver and a fighting man.There is much controversy has were the driver wore armour or whether the fighting man was a archer or a spearman.In this illustration we chose to portray the driver unarmoured and the fighting man as a spearman, although we must admit that it could have been different.This chariot was used in the 16th century BC.<br />
  9. 9. The City-States of Greece<br />Formedindependentcity-states<br />Polis representedGreeksidentity<br />City-states = polis<br />Geographicalsituation<br />Communitythatitrepresented<br />Political and economicalindependance<br />
  10. 10. The City-States of Greece<br />1st: coveredland<br />2nd: population of slaves and non-citizens<br />3rd: original fortbuiltontheacropolis<br />Temples and publicbuildingwerealsobuilt in theacropolis.<br />Agora = Marketplace = servedthemainpublicmeeting place<br />
  11. 11. The City-States of Greece<br />Eachcity-stateformedhisform of government and laws<br />Eachcity-statehadtheirown calendar, money and system of weights and measures<br />Spokethesamelanguage<br />Share religious ideas, cultural characteristics and festivals<br />Strongfeelingforidentity<br />
  12. 12. Section 1 Review<br />Define and Identifythesignificance:<br />Frescoes:<br />Polis:<br />Acropolis:<br />Agora: <br />Minoans:<br />Mycenaeans:<br />