Animals in Medieval Art
Bestiaries
The Worksop Bestiary    England, c. 1185
Lions
Swordfish
Pelicans
Vipers
Sirens
Hedgehogs
Fox
Panther
Ostriches
Turtledoves
Dog Identifying His Master’s Murderer
Ibex
Hyena
Crocodile
Antelope
The Aberdeen Bestiary    England, c. 1200
Bear
Pelicans
Phoenix
Phoenix
Vipers
Serpent
Hedgehogs
Fox
Elephant and Dragon
Herons
Panther
Beaver
Ostriches
Turtledoves
Salamanders
Hoopoes
The Harley Bestiary  England, 1225-1250
Ibex
Bonnacon
The Bestiary of Love     Italy, c. 1290
Lion
Swordfish
Elephants
Whale
Hedgehog
Beaver
Ostrich
Mourning Turtledove
The Bestiary of Love    France, 13th-14th c.
Lion
Lion
Lion
Hoopoes
Weasels
The Bestiary of Anne Walshe    England, c. 1400-1425
Lions
Pelicans
Whale
Lynx
Dog
Cat
Crocodile
Bonnacon
The Ashmole Bestiary    England, c. 1511
Pelicans
Elephant and Dragon
Unicorn
Cats
Hyena
Griffin
Other Bestiaries
Lions, England, 12th c.
Crocodile and Hydrus, England, 12th c.
Crocodile and Hydrus, France, 1250s
Crocodile, France, 1250s
Caladrius, England, 1250s
Lions, Belgium, 1270
Ibex, England, 13th c.
Lions, France, 13th c.
Lions, England, 13th c.
Crocodile, France, 13th c.
Hoopoes, France, 13th c.
Crocodile, England, 13th c.
Lion, England, 13th c.
Hyena, England, 13th c.
Caladrius, England, 13th c.
Lions, England, 13th c.
Lynx, France, 13th c.
Lion, England, 13th-14th c.
Lions, France, 13th-14th c.
Lion, England, c. 1300
Ostrich, Italy, c. 1300
Ostrich, England, 1310s
Rabbits, Belgian, c. 1350
Lion, England, 14th c.
Lion, England, 14th c.
Partridges, France, 14th c.
Raven, France, 14th c.
Crocodile, France, c. 1450
Griffin, France, c. 1450
Ibex, France, c. 1450
Hyenas, France, c. 1450
Hoopoes, France, c. 1450
Other Illuminations
Sea Hare, France
Elephant and Dragon, 13th c.
Lions, England, 13th c.
Cats, England, 13th c.
Dog and Master, England, c. 1300
England, c. 1300
Hare, England, c. 1300
Rabbits, England, 1325-35
St. Jerome and the Lion France, c. 1410-1416
Hedgehog, France, c. 1415-1430
Pelican, France, c. 1430
Griffin, France, 15th c.
Painting
Spain, 13th-c. Fresco
The Creation of the Animals  Master Bertram, 1415
Stonework
Italy, 9th c.
Bull and Lions Italy, 11th c.
Lion Chasing Goat Germany, 12th c.
Jonah and the Whale   France, 12th c.
Amiens Cathedral, c. 1270
Griffin Mosaic, Italy, c. 1300
Crocodile, England, 1330
Strasbourg CathedralFrance, 12th-15th c.
Spain, 14th c.
Griffin, England, 14th c.
Griffin, England, 15th c.
Hyena, England, 15th c.
Stained Glass
Life of St. Austremoine of Issoire        Auvergne, France
Metalwork
Aquamanile, Germany, c. 1200
Lion Trampling VipersAquamanile, Germany, c. 1200
Aquamanile, Germany, 13th c.
Eucharistic DoveLimoges, 13th c.
The Netherlands, 15th c.
Unicorns in Medieval Art
The Rochester Bestiary  England, c. 1230
France or Belgium, c. 1350
France, c. 1400
Annunciation as a Unicorn HuntAltar in Erfurt Cathedral, c. 1420
The Netherlands, c. 1440
Aquamanile, Germany, 15th c.
Austria, 15th c.
The Lady and the Unicorn France, 15th-c. Tapestry
The Unicorn Tapestries  The Netherlands, 1495-1505
Start of the Hunt
The Unicorn Purifies the Water
The Unicorn Tries to Escape
The Unicorn Defends Itself
The Unicorn is Killed and  Brought to the Castle
The Unicorn in Captivity
The Earliest Drawings from Life
Nicholas de Honnecourt, c. 1250
Matthew Paris, 1258
Animals in Medieval Culture
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Animals in Medieval Culture

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This is an overview of the depiction and perception of animals in the Middle Ages, with an emphasis on bestiaries.

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Animals in Medieval Culture

  1. 1. Animals in Medieval Art
  2. 2. Bestiaries
  3. 3. The Worksop Bestiary England, c. 1185
  4. 4. Lions
  5. 5. Swordfish
  6. 6. Pelicans
  7. 7. Vipers
  8. 8. Sirens
  9. 9. Hedgehogs
  10. 10. Fox
  11. 11. Panther
  12. 12. Ostriches
  13. 13. Turtledoves
  14. 14. Dog Identifying His Master’s Murderer
  15. 15. Ibex
  16. 16. Hyena
  17. 17. Crocodile
  18. 18. Antelope
  19. 19. The Aberdeen Bestiary England, c. 1200
  20. 20. Bear
  21. 21. Pelicans
  22. 22. Phoenix
  23. 23. Phoenix
  24. 24. Vipers
  25. 25. Serpent
  26. 26. Hedgehogs
  27. 27. Fox
  28. 28. Elephant and Dragon
  29. 29. Herons
  30. 30. Panther
  31. 31. Beaver
  32. 32. Ostriches
  33. 33. Turtledoves
  34. 34. Salamanders
  35. 35. Hoopoes
  36. 36. The Harley Bestiary England, 1225-1250
  37. 37. Ibex
  38. 38. Bonnacon
  39. 39. The Bestiary of Love Italy, c. 1290
  40. 40. Lion
  41. 41. Swordfish
  42. 42. Elephants
  43. 43. Whale
  44. 44. Hedgehog
  45. 45. Beaver
  46. 46. Ostrich
  47. 47. Mourning Turtledove
  48. 48. The Bestiary of Love France, 13th-14th c.
  49. 49. Lion
  50. 50. Lion
  51. 51. Lion
  52. 52. Hoopoes
  53. 53. Weasels
  54. 54. The Bestiary of Anne Walshe England, c. 1400-1425
  55. 55. Lions
  56. 56. Pelicans
  57. 57. Whale
  58. 58. Lynx
  59. 59. Dog
  60. 60. Cat
  61. 61. Crocodile
  62. 62. Bonnacon
  63. 63. The Ashmole Bestiary England, c. 1511
  64. 64. Pelicans
  65. 65. Elephant and Dragon
  66. 66. Unicorn
  67. 67. Cats
  68. 68. Hyena
  69. 69. Griffin
  70. 70. Other Bestiaries
  71. 71. Lions, England, 12th c.
  72. 72. Crocodile and Hydrus, England, 12th c.
  73. 73. Crocodile and Hydrus, France, 1250s
  74. 74. Crocodile, France, 1250s
  75. 75. Caladrius, England, 1250s
  76. 76. Lions, Belgium, 1270
  77. 77. Ibex, England, 13th c.
  78. 78. Lions, France, 13th c.
  79. 79. Lions, England, 13th c.
  80. 80. Crocodile, France, 13th c.
  81. 81. Hoopoes, France, 13th c.
  82. 82. Crocodile, England, 13th c.
  83. 83. Lion, England, 13th c.
  84. 84. Hyena, England, 13th c.
  85. 85. Caladrius, England, 13th c.
  86. 86. Lions, England, 13th c.
  87. 87. Lynx, France, 13th c.
  88. 88. Lion, England, 13th-14th c.
  89. 89. Lions, France, 13th-14th c.
  90. 90. Lion, England, c. 1300
  91. 91. Ostrich, Italy, c. 1300
  92. 92. Ostrich, England, 1310s
  93. 93. Rabbits, Belgian, c. 1350
  94. 94. Lion, England, 14th c.
  95. 95. Lion, England, 14th c.
  96. 96. Partridges, France, 14th c.
  97. 97. Raven, France, 14th c.
  98. 98. Crocodile, France, c. 1450
  99. 99. Griffin, France, c. 1450
  100. 100. Ibex, France, c. 1450
  101. 101. Hyenas, France, c. 1450
  102. 102. Hoopoes, France, c. 1450
  103. 103. Other Illuminations
  104. 104. Sea Hare, France
  105. 105. Elephant and Dragon, 13th c.
  106. 106. Lions, England, 13th c.
  107. 107. Cats, England, 13th c.
  108. 108. Dog and Master, England, c. 1300
  109. 109. England, c. 1300
  110. 110. Hare, England, c. 1300
  111. 111. Rabbits, England, 1325-35
  112. 112. St. Jerome and the Lion France, c. 1410-1416
  113. 113. Hedgehog, France, c. 1415-1430
  114. 114. Pelican, France, c. 1430
  115. 115. Griffin, France, 15th c.
  116. 116. Painting
  117. 117. Spain, 13th-c. Fresco
  118. 118. The Creation of the Animals Master Bertram, 1415
  119. 119. Stonework
  120. 120. Italy, 9th c.
  121. 121. Bull and Lions Italy, 11th c.
  122. 122. Lion Chasing Goat Germany, 12th c.
  123. 123. Jonah and the Whale France, 12th c.
  124. 124. Amiens Cathedral, c. 1270
  125. 125. Griffin Mosaic, Italy, c. 1300
  126. 126. Crocodile, England, 1330
  127. 127. Strasbourg CathedralFrance, 12th-15th c.
  128. 128. Spain, 14th c.
  129. 129. Griffin, England, 14th c.
  130. 130. Griffin, England, 15th c.
  131. 131. Hyena, England, 15th c.
  132. 132. Stained Glass
  133. 133. Life of St. Austremoine of Issoire Auvergne, France
  134. 134. Metalwork
  135. 135. Aquamanile, Germany, c. 1200
  136. 136. Lion Trampling VipersAquamanile, Germany, c. 1200
  137. 137. Aquamanile, Germany, 13th c.
  138. 138. Eucharistic DoveLimoges, 13th c.
  139. 139. The Netherlands, 15th c.
  140. 140. Unicorns in Medieval Art
  141. 141. The Rochester Bestiary England, c. 1230
  142. 142. France or Belgium, c. 1350
  143. 143. France, c. 1400
  144. 144. Annunciation as a Unicorn HuntAltar in Erfurt Cathedral, c. 1420
  145. 145. The Netherlands, c. 1440
  146. 146. Aquamanile, Germany, 15th c.
  147. 147. Austria, 15th c.
  148. 148. The Lady and the Unicorn France, 15th-c. Tapestry
  149. 149. The Unicorn Tapestries The Netherlands, 1495-1505
  150. 150. Start of the Hunt
  151. 151. The Unicorn Purifies the Water
  152. 152. The Unicorn Tries to Escape
  153. 153. The Unicorn Defends Itself
  154. 154. The Unicorn is Killed and Brought to the Castle
  155. 155. The Unicorn in Captivity
  156. 156. The Earliest Drawings from Life
  157. 157. Nicholas de Honnecourt, c. 1250
  158. 158. Matthew Paris, 1258

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