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How LIS Education can Influence Attributes for Future Librarians

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Utilizing resources such as the Maryland study called “The future of the MLS”, the presenters will make the case for incorporation of skills related to taking risks and embracing innovation into the education process, both inside and outside the classroom.

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How LIS Education can Influence Attributes for Future Librarians

  1. 1. How LIS Education can Influence Attributes for Future Librarians Mike Crumpton, macrumpt@uncg.edu Nora Bird, njbird@uncg.edu
  2. 2. Discussion Questions • Should entrepreneurial skills and concepts be included in LIS education, especially as it relates to social improvement and the achievement of non-profit goals and objectives? • What skills should be included and how would these be incorporated into the curriculum? • What practical experience can be applied to reinforce these skills and demonstrate practical value?
  3. 3. What is Entrepreneurship? • Creativity • Innovation • Value creation • Practice-related • Teachable skills? • Discovering opportunities • Non-traditional means of employment
  4. 4. RSLIS in Denmark Effectuation is a way of thinking that serves entrepreneurs in the processes of opportunity identification and new venture creation. Effectuation includes a set of decision-making principles expert entrepreneurs are observed to employ in situations of uncertainty. • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/EffectuationWikipedia
  5. 5. Kristiansson, Michael Rene; Jochumsen, Henrik (2015). "How to implement entrepreneurship in Library and Information Science Education : a Danish example".
  6. 6. Kauffman Report on Entrepreneurial Education • Entrepreneurship Education: • Increases the formation of new ventures • Increases likelihood of self-employment • Increased growth rate of emerging firms • Increased graduates’ assets • Graduates more likely to be involved in start-ups or new products • Enhances the transfer of technology from university to the private sector • Employment more likely in license technology careers
  7. 7. Trends impacting LIS • Technology • Data and analytics • Learning • Demographics • Policy • Resources
  8. 8. OTHER STUDIES In Entrepreneurial Education
  9. 9. The “Maryland Study” • Focus is off of materials/holdings • Focus is on people as individuals and the communities that is served by individuals and organizations • Move from Just-in-Case approach to Just-in-Time methods (passive to proactive)
  10. 10. Future Competencies • Project management skills • Facilitate learning and education • Working with variety of technologies • Marketing and advocacy skills • Communication skills • Open to working with diverse populations • Problem solving • Social services training • Fundraising and development skills • Building relationships • Value of assessment
  11. 11. Changing the MLS Model • Multiple literacies • “making” and creative activities • Social service skills (social entrepreneurs) • Public health initiatives • Data drive community decisions • Change management • Assessment of the status quo
  12. 12. Balance with Traditional Values Traditional values • Access to information • Equity • Intellectual freedom • Privacy • Community • Social justice • Preservation and Heritage • Open Government • Civic Engagement Needed attributes • Collaborative • Inclusive • Creative • Take risks • Socially innovative • Leadership • Tech savvy • Entrepreneurial • transformative
  13. 13. HOW DO YOU HIRE FOR THESE ATTRIBUTES ?
  14. 14. E-Education positively influences skills Management Skills • Planning • Organizing • Marketing • Financial mgmt. • Legal • Administration • Problem-solving Entre and Maturity • Planning and development • Environmental exam • Opportunity ID • Networking • Self-awareness • Accountability • Emotional stability • creativity
  15. 15. Syracuse University Libraries • “To be entrepreneurial means that Library staff members use their energy and intellect to reinvent and enhance their work to heighten services to faculty and students and to preserve the collections. They assemble data and knowledgeable staff teams to analyze and improve services, physical spaces, and the digital environment. The entrepreneurial approach– questioning, creative, and resourceful– seeks better answers to make the Library a learning organization, one that constantly changes as it strives to be an integral component of teaching, learning, and research.” • While some librarians may not actively think about entrepreneurship, we are linked to the concept by common characteristics and missions.
  16. 16. PERSONAL IMPACTS….. ….to the entrepreneurial mindset
  17. 17. Motivation and Spirit Motivational Synergy • Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic • Stages of creative process • Problem identification • Preparation • Response generation • Validation and communication Entrepreneurial Spirit • Passion • Path • Positivity • People • Perseverance • Productivity
  18. 18. Creativity and Innovation Creativity and innovation are the keystones in a changing global society. • Individual: How do individuals understand and become more creative, innovative, and visionary? • Groups: How is the interaction between individuals enhanced by creativity and innovation to develop a vision of the future? • Larger society: How can creativity and innovation for a vision to change or affect organizations and the larger society?
  19. 19. The mission of the Small Business Institute® is to be the premier provider of professional development for those engaged in experiential student team consulting and related entrepreneurship education, research and activities. SBI is the link between business, education and community.
  20. 20. Entrepreneurship Education • Individual Skills • Identify opportunities • Establish org • Manage outcomes • Entrepreneurial Mindset • Personalities (attitude) • Attributes such as creativity, innovation and risk taking
  21. 21. HOW DO WE REVISE CURRICULUM TO REFLECT THESE VALUES?
  22. 22. Entrepreneurial Constructs • Change • Risk taking • Goal setting • Feedback • achievement
  23. 23. The Case for Experiential Learning • Kolb’s EL Theory • Concrete experience • Reflective observation • Abstract conceptualization • Active experimentation
  24. 24. Seminar on Social Entrepreneurship (ENT 340) • Social entrepreneurship is a growing field that depends on market driven practices to create social change. Social entrepreneurs leverage available economic resources and innovation to support their passion to have a positive impact on the global and local community. • Social entrepreneurship is a critical topic for students and professionals who plan careers in both for-profit and not-for profit organizations. A global interest in ecological, economic, political and social welfare requires that organizations respond wisely to societal demands. An examination of social entrepreneurship provides the framework for understanding and practicing socially responsible behaviors. Proponents of social entrepreneurship recognize that innovation, creativity, adaptation and planning are key ingredients in creating ventures that respond to critical social needs.
  25. 25. Crafting the Package • Identification of skills related to professional informational entrepreneurism • Created touchpoints within the curriculum to address the specific skills identified • Include active components that support experiential learning opportunities Resizing the MLS
  26. 26. Back to Our Questions • What skills do you wish you had learned (or will learn) from your MLIS experience? • Where and how do you see entrepreneurship fitting into the curriculum for effective integration into established core values? • How do you feel the value of practical experience supports the academic experience while obtaining an MLIS degree?
  27. 27. Resources • Amabile, Teresa M. "Entrepreneurial Creativity Through Motivational Synergy." Journal of Creative Behavior. 31.1 (1997): 18-26. Print. • Canziani, B., Welsh, D.H.B., Hsieh, Y., & Tullar, W. (2015). What pedagogical methods impact student’ entrepreneurial propensity? Journal of Small Business Strategy, 25(2), 11- 42. • "Enhancing Entrepreneurial Skills of Undergraduate Science, Vocational and Technical Education Students Through Entrepreneurship Education." Journal of Technical Education and Training. 6.2 (2014). Print. • Herrin, Jessica D. L. Find Your Extraordinary: Dream Bigger, Live Happier, and Achieve Success on Your Own Terms. , 2016. Print. • Kristiansson, Michael Rene; Jochumsen, Henrik (2015). "How to implement entrepreneurship • in Library and Information Science Education : a Danish exemple". • Re-envisioning the Mls: Findings, Issues, and Considerations. College of Information Studies (University of Maryland College Park, 2015. Internet resource. • Ugwu, Felicia, and C.N Ezeani. "Evaluation of Entrepreneurship Awareness and Skills Among Lis Students in Universities in South East Nigeria.(report)." Library Philosophy and Practice. (2012). Print. • Watchravesringkan, Kittichai T, Nancy N. Hodges, Jennifer Yurchisin, Jane Hegland, Elena Karpova, Sara Marcketti, and Ruoh-nan Yan. "Modeling Entrepreneurial Career Intentions Among Undergraduates: an Examination of the Moderating Role of Entrepreneurial Knowledge and Skills." Family and Consumer Sciences Research Journal. 41.3 (2013): 325. Print.

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