THE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTIONAT 2020PRESENTATIONprepared for:3rd Workshop on the development of internalcombustion engines ...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decade THE DIESEL ENGINE...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
THE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Tool-chain based Process for Future Diesel Technology Evaluation                      ...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decade  THE DIESEL ENGIN...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
THE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Adv. EAT Systems - SCR-Coated DPF (FSCR)                                              ...
THE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Adv. EAT Systems – Future Requirements and Approaches                                 ...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decade THE DIESEL ENGINE...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decade THE DIESEL ENGINE...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decade THE DIESEL ENGINE...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES...
THE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTIONAT 2020PRESENTATIONprepared for:3rd Workshop on the development of internalcombustion engines ...
3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decade    •       <80 KW...
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Fev @ Take A Breath 2012

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Fev at the third edition of Take A Breath, workshop organized by Loccioni Group, to discuss the potential of innovation in the automotive industry.

On 28th and 29th June 2012, 50 companies of 12 countries - including automobile manufacturers (OEMs), automotive component manufacturers (Tier 1) and the international scientific community - met in Italy in Marche region, to discuss the future of the motor.The international speakers parterre - from Volksvagen to Daimler, from General Motors to Ferrari, with Denso, Magneti Marelli, Continental, Delphi, Bosch, IAV, Cummins, Fev, Ricardo with the Polytechnic of Turin and Chalmers University - has drawn the technical, economic and scientific scenario of the sector as well as the current international strategies.

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Fev @ Take A Breath 2012

  1. 1. THE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTIONAT 2020PRESENTATIONprepared for:3rd Workshop on the development of internalcombustion engines and powertrainsystems in the next decadeLoccioni Headquarter - Angeli di Rosora, Ancona, ItalyThomas KörferVP Business Unit Passenger Car Diesel Engines
  2. 2. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Global Status Light-Duty Diesel Engine 2011/12 • still niche propulsion unit (market share < 10%) • well established in all vehicle segments • Increasing, but still difficult market acceptance • Enabler of Low CO2 Strategy • Extremely challenging emission standards • Up to 80% market share in ind. countries/segments Global Market Share (< 6 to) 100% 80% 60% 40% 21% 22% 20% Gasoline Diesel • Market-related specific boundary conditions 0% • Possible contributor of Low CO2 Strategies • Challenging market conditions (fuel, service,..) 2011 2020+ +10…11 Mio. Vehicles © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties
  3. 3. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Global Status Light-Duty Diesel Engine 2011/12 1. CO2 2. Emissions 1. Lowest Emissions 3. Performance 2. CO2 4. TCO 3. TCO 4. Performance 1. TCO 2. Emissions 3. CO2 4. Performance Regional Priorities demand local solutions Challenge is to define the best compromise between commonality of parts/technologies and local necessities © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 3
  4. 4. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Technology driver / Extended emission requirements PM [g/km] CURRENT SITUATION 0.03 DIESEL DIESEL ~8% EU4 (2005) ~50% 0.02 LEV I (2003) EU5 EU6 0.01 (2009) (2014) T2B5 (2007) enacted legislations EU7 LEV III (2022) FEV scenario 0.00 NOx NOx 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 [g/km] 0.00 [g/km] BS5 (2015) DIESEL DIESEL ~18% EU6 EU5 0.01 (2020) (2015) ~45% 0.02 BS4 (2010) EU4 (2010) Strong growth in Asia – total Asian Diesel market 0.03 will exceed Europe Diesel PM [g/km] market bef. 2020 Continuous stringent emission reduction in the US and in the EU. BRIC countries follow these legislative steps with slight temporal delay Future limits can be realized with today‘s known technology A further tightening of the emission norms below the EU6 level demands the wide-spread implementation of lean DeNOx aftertreatment systems 04.07.2012 © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 4
  5. 5. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Global Status Light-Duty Diesel Engine 2011/12 Source: 1. The International Council on Clean Transportation, Passenger Vehicle Greenhouse Gas and Fuel Economy Standards: A Global Update 2. Andrew Fulbrooke: “Global Powertrain Evolution: A Focus on PEV and PHEV Developments”, Fluid Technology Conference, 17.06.2010 (Lindau) © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 5
  6. 6. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Further political/social regulations on future mobility Overview of EU-related Financial CO2 Reduction Measures Restriction of Usage for private cars Registration Tax Annual Tax Registration and Annual Tax © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 6
  7. 7. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Global Status Light-Duty Diesel Engine 2011/12Status Pass Car Diesel and Future Demands Engine Aftertreatment Diversification between High-End and Mainstream • Component Features (Engine, FIE, TC) • Combustion, FIE, TC % of Total Costs Strong Enabler for Compliance w/ CO2 Standards Strong Driver for Acceptance • Base Engine (Friction, Losses) • Low End Torque • Combustion • TC • Aftertreatment • Combustion • Controls • Controls Emission Stage Continuous Challenge • Hardware (FIE, TC, EGR) TCO depends on customer/market specific • Combustion realities (mileage, fuel price, tax, etc.) • Aftertreatment (FSCR) • Modularity • Controls • System Integration • Standarization & Scaling Effects Continuous Compromise between Emissions, CO2 and NVH • Base Engine Architecture • FIE Capabilities • Controls © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 7
  8. 8. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Global Status Light-Duty Diesel Engine 2011/12 Mobility Lifestyles 2020+ - Triade markets BRIC Countries ( + other New Markets) • Reflection of socio-ecological consequences of mobility • Base mobility Greenovator • Request for innovative and sustainable solutions • Demand for simple and • Increasing demand for individual mobility in a fragmeted Basic • convenient products Family Cruiser network of family and friends • Preference for locally, • national products • Pro-active in the third phase of live Silver Driver • Experienced, high quality expectation • Cost-attractive, mid-quality products High Frequency • Everyday life with high, spontanuous mobility demand • Possibility for • Mobility often / mostly in big urban areas / mega-cities Smart Basic individualization Commuter • Partly open for Global Jet • Global mobility fundamental demand for profession foreign products Setter • High request for premium performance / service Sensation • Mobility as symbol for freedom, fun and life-style as well Premium • Status, prestige and Seeker as for status and prestige comfort • Differenziation as symbol Low-End • Limited mobility budget, request for low-cost options Segment for success Mobility • Willingness to accept restrictions © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 8
  9. 9. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020 © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 9
  10. 10. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decade THE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020 Global Status Light-Duty Diesel Engine 2011/12 On-board Electric Power Generation Grid based Electric Power Supply Grade of Electrification ICE (Gasoline / Diesel)Conventional Micro - Mild - Full Plug-In Hybrid Vehicle - BEV w/ RE Pure Battery Vehicle Hybrid Vehicle Electric Vehicle Drivers and Motivations * Strongly depending on energy mix CO2 Reduction* Local (Urban) Air Quality Energy Diversification / Autonomy Customer Wish / Lifestyle Change ??? © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 10
  11. 11. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020 © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 11
  12. 12. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Technology driver - Extended emission requirements Passenger Car 30 NEDC FTP-75 25 NEDC test cycle not representative for real world 20BMEP [bar] driving, since engine map 15 covered only in small area. 10 5 0 Well know alternative test 30 cycles cover engine map BAB-Cycle Artemis Urban more widely. 25 20BMEP [bar] 15 New / additional test cycle 10 under development, which will require an extension of 5 the emission calibration 0 compared to todays NEDC 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 4500 Engine Speed [1/min] Engine Speed [1/min] © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 12
  13. 13. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Diesel Technology PathwaysFuture Core Diesel technologies grouped into six major clusters Combustion Air Path Future Diesel Technologies FIE Engine Controls EATS Electrification/ Hybridization directly fuel related indirectly fuel related © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 13
  14. 14. THE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Tool-chain based Process for Future Diesel Technology Evaluation ILLUSTRATIVE Cylinder Head Boosting Concept System Valve Train Variabilities EGR Concept Combustion System Cooling Concept CLCC & Model- based Control *: with peak firing pressure of 220 bar BMEP = 35 bar 100 kW/ltr. © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 14
  15. 15. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Evolution of Diesel Engine Performance 2-stage serial turbocharged HECS engine 120 Brake Power [KW/L] 100 100 80 Specific Series Production Engines 60 105 kW/l Concepts/Prototypes 40 80 20 Power Density [kW/l] 0 350 300 Torque [Nm/L] 60 250 Specific 200 37,7 bar 150 40 100 50 260 Peak Pressure [bar] 240 20 220 200 180 160 0 140 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 120 100 Model Year 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 Realisation of 100 kW/l-concepts expected in this decade Engine speed Mainstream applications with lower power density (40-65 kW/ltr.) © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 15
  16. 16. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Fundamentals of EGR- and boosting system development MAJOR ITEMSDefinition of O2 and rel. A/F Ratio Target Area Valvetrain and Port Layout Turbocharging and Intercooling EGR and Cooling Increased boost pressure is necessary in combination with increased EGR to avoid reduced process efficiency © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 16
  17. 17. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Improvement of global combustion system performance by VVT GT-Power Simulation HECS Gen II A B Twin VCT Minimized Soot at highest EGR-rates EVO-Vari Twin VCT+VOD(ex)1 1 Variable opening duration 0.20 10 0.16 8 [g/kWh] [g/kWh] ISPM ISHC 0.12 6 0.08 4 0.04 2 0.00 0 50 250 40 240 [g/kWh] [g/kWh] ISCO ISFC n = 1200 min-1; IMEP = 2.6 bar; Constant combustion phasing, X50=8°CA ATDC 30 230 20 220 Intake event length 155° CA, Exhaust event length 1 91° CA Intake event length 118° CA, Exhaust event length 1 21° CA 10 210 Intake event length 118° CA, Exhaust event length 1 21° CA, 24°CA Cam Phasing 0 200 Intake event length 118° CA, Exhaust event length 1 21° CA, 48°CA Cam Phasing Exh. Temperature -0.0 240 -0.1 230 Increased Exhaust Gas Temperature IMEPLP [bar] -0.2 220 [°C] -0.3 210 -0.4 200 -0.5 190 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 Indi. NOx-Emissionen [g/kWh] Indi. NOx-Emissionen [g/kWh] Smart Valvetrain Functionalities improve engine-out emission performance as well as thermal management of exhaust aftertreatment © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 17
  18. 18. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Diesel hybrid calibration study - Hybrid component models Power for NEDCDetailed Simulation of Hybrid Powertrain – Consideration of operational strategies – Consideration of HV and LV consumer E-Motor torque for NEDC – Detailed battery model – Efficiency map based model of electric drive Energy consumption Speed-torque distribution of E-Motor Weight Frontal area Inertia Drag coefficient Gear ratios Rolling resistance Nominal power … … © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties
  19. 19. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020DownspeedingFuel Consumption reduction potential (operation point shift with e.g. CVT gear box) 4-6% 4-7% MD engine Remarkable fuel consumption reduction possible by downspeeding Additional potential for improvement by optimizing max. torque area (TC layout, injection nozzle layout)all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties © by FEV – 19
  20. 20. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decade THE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020 Future FIE System Demands WORK IN PROGRESS FEV HiFORS - High Pressure Fast Opening Rate Shaping Diesel Injector High Injection Pressure – Designed for Minimum 2500 bar Rail Pressure – Fuel Consumption And Emissions Benefit Continuous Rate Shaping – Modelling of Combustion / Heat Release – Acoustics Benefit Fast Spring-Loaded Needle – Improved NOx/Particle Trade-Off – Digital Rate-Shaping Capability 80 70 tBoot = Injection Rate / cm /s 300 µs 60 3 600 µs 50 900 µs 1200 µs 40 1500 µs 1800 µs 30 20 10 0 80 70 tRamp = Injection Rate / cm /s 3 0 µs 60 500 µs 50 1000 µs Improved Emissions with comparable efficiency 1500 µs 40 2000 µs at significantly reduced combustion noise 2200 µs 30 20 10 0 0.0 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 Time / msKörfer, presentation title, date © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 20
  21. 21. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020SCR vs LNT Technology / EU-6 Vehicles with DeNOx Aftertreatment for EU6 LNT and SCR application in production. Generally LNT preferred for lighter vehicles Future challenge for on-road as well as off-road applications: Quite low SCR temperatures in legislative as well as customer specific cycles Thermal management (heating mode) required in order to fulfill emission demands, but not acceptable due to CO2 saving strategies Integrated optimisation of engine and aftertreatment required in order to achieve emission demands e.g. with lowest fuel consumption © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 21
  22. 22. THE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Adv. EAT Systems - SCR-Coated DPF (FSCR) PROJECT EXECUTION DOC DPF SCRClosed coupled DPF, underbody SCR-catalyst Unfavorable packaging and light-off behavior of SCR-catalyst optional DOC SDPF SCR DOC SDPFSCR-coated DPF (SDPF) Packaging benefits Better light-off behavior of SCR-catalystMajor Challenges ∆ of 250…400 s Storage of NH3 depending on soot load no CRT-effect Start of Dosing / Conversion Typical Start of Dosing / Conversion for Conventional Layout (DOC – DPF – SCR) High temperature stress of SCR coating during DPF regeneration Longer distance DOC – DPF higher temperature downstream DOC for DPF regeneration © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties
  23. 23. THE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Adv. EAT Systems – Future Requirements and Approaches CASE EXAMPLE 2010 EU-6 Low CO2 EU-5 US T2B5 2017+ EU-6+ EU-7 US T2B2 NEDC and WLTP with low and medium exhaust temperatures LNT is suitable technology RDE with higher exhaust temperatures limited NOx reduction by LNT, high NOx reduction by SCR combination LNT + SDPF is favorable © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 23
  24. 24. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Advanced Engines Controls – CLCC Gen.2/3 WORK IN PROGRESS © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 24
  25. 25. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decade THE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020 Advanced Engines Controls – Future DPF Thermo-Management WORK IN PROGRESS Centroid of heat release: α Q 50 = ∫ Q(φ)φdφ ∫ Q(φ)dφ © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 25
  26. 26. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Assessment of Future Diesel Technologies Technology PathwayParameter: Challenge: Tendency: Countermeasures: Risks: Design / Architecture Increase of specific Higher Peak Firing Lowered Compression Emissions / Stability power vs. friction/loss Pressures Modular Design Complexity / Costs reduction VCR New development Combustion Low Emissions at Higher Inj. Pressures … Costs / Complexity highest efficiency and Mixture improved noise Homogenisation Emissions / Noise Air path Enhanced map-wide Multiple Charging Electrical Assistance Costs / Complexity boost (E-Turbo or E-Traction) Multiple EGR VT Functionalities Fuel Injection Improved Functionalities Incr. Inj. Pressures …. Costs / Complexity vs. Cost and Reliability Rate Shaping Multiple Injection Aftertreatment Conversion vs. Integrated systems ….. Costs / Complexity Temperature and Time (FSCR) Reformer Technolgy Engine Controls / Exploding Demand vs. Model-based Logics ….. Costs / Complexity OBD System Complexity Virtual Sensors Year 2012 2015 2017 Year 2020 2022 2025 26 © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties
  27. 27. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Cost Favourable Low CO2 Diesel Engine Line-Up ILLUSTRATIVE Central Cylinder Swept Volume of about 400 ccm refined and optimized combustion system Electrical Aid 4-Valve Layout Adv. bowl geometry High Flow Ports Compr. Ratio ~16:1 FLEXIBILITY Seat Swirl Chamfer Cent., Vertical Injector Production Top End Engine Family of (2-) / 3- / 4- and 6-Cylinder Versions (eventually with 2 different strokes) MODULARITY EAS Bottom End 0,8L I-2 2.3L I-6 DPF* NSC 1.6L In-Line 4 MODULARITY Sub-Systems FIE TC EGR SCR * mandatory for core EU 04.07.2012 © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 27
  28. 28. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decade THE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020 Closed-coupled Integrated Solutions PUBLISHED EXAMPLE DOC ( or LNT ???) DPF ( or FSCR ???) New 2,0L VW (MDB) © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 28
  29. 29. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decade THE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020 CO2 Compliance Roadmap to 2020+ E-Cars PI-HEV Conv. Cars 150 CO2 Emissions [g/km] incl. Hybrid ~4 140 ~47 ~146 130 120 ~35% 110 Target 100 95 g/km EU Fleet Average 2009 2020 160 ENGINE CO2 Emissions [g/km] 140 VEHICLE 120 ELECTRIC 100 Target Very high CO2 Reduction potential by Plug-in Hybrid solutions 80 95 g/km 60 Proposal But: Pronounced CO2 numbers for Plug-in-Hybrids are 70 g/km consequence of test procedure and not realistic for 40 Vehicle Weight ~1400 kg „Real World“-operation 20Biermann, VCC-FEV_Annual_meeting_agenda_2012-06-21, 21 June 2012 © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 29
  30. 30. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Frontloading: PROcal Suite for integrated system optimization © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties
  31. 31. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decadeTHE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTION AT 2020Summary and Conclusions Updated Diesel Engines are capable to meet the European CO2-Limits for the majority of applications for 2020 w/out hybridisation A further tightening of the legal CO2 and emission standards can be met by increased electrification of the powertrain (P-HEV) Global roll-out of modern diesel engines offer substantial CO2 saving potential, but demands a flexible, modular engine concept The maintenance of an attractive “Total-Cost-of- Ownership” as well as fulfillment of new customer requests represent the main challenges for small diesel engines Successful, cost-effective product development requests more experience-proven simulation with advanced computational procedures and routines © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 31
  32. 32. THE DIESEL ENGINES EVOLUTIONAT 2020PRESENTATIONprepared for:3rd Workshop on the development of internalcombustion engines and powertrainsystems in the next decadeLoccioni Headquarter - Angeli di Rosora, Ancona, ItalyThomas KörferVP Business Unit Passenger Car Diesel Engines
  33. 33. 3rd Workshop on the development of internal combustion engines and powertrain systems in the next decade • <80 KW/l* • ≤100 KW/l* • ≤120 KW/l* • <220 Nm/l • ≤300 Nm/l • ≤350 Nm/l • EU-5/(-6) • EU-6+/(-7) • EU-7 • US T2B5 • US T2B2 • US T2B2 • 87 g/km CO2 • 75 g/km CO2 • <70 g/km CO2 • FIE 2000 bar • FIE 2500 bar • FIE 3000 bar • 1-/2-Stage TC • 1-/2-/3-Stage TC • 1-/2-/3-Stage TC • DPF • LNT+FSCR • LNT+FSCR • LNT/SCR Year 2012 2012 2015 2017 2020 2022 Year 2025Author, presentation title, date © by FEV – all rights reserved. Confidential – no passing on to third parties 33

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