Gaining Independence

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Tracing the formation of a new government, from the Articles of Confederation to the constitutional conventions.

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Gaining Independence

  1. 1. From the Articles of Confederation to the Constitution
  2. 2. So… why did we need to change the Articles of Confederation?
  3. 3. Articles of Confederation Major flaws… • 9/13 states needed to ratify – took a long time to agree. • No judicial branch – no way  to mediate disputes. • No taxation – no way to  raise money or pay off war  debt.
  4. 4. So… why did people disagree about the Constitution?
  5. 5. Philadelphia Convention 12 states came (no RI). Each delegation got one vote. Came to revise the AOC, but decided to  create a new gov’t.
  6. 6. Virginia Plan Strong regional gov’t ‐ Congress keeps  same powers as in AOC. 3 separate branches… • Legislative • Executive • Judicial James Madison
  7. 7. Virginia Plan Legislature bicameral Reps based on population OR amount of $  it gave to central gov’t. Reps popularly elected in each state.
  8. 8. Jersey Plan Unicameral Congress,  states equally represented. 3 separate branches (same) William Paterson
  9. 9. Connecticut Compromise Compromise mix of VA & NJ plans. Congress bicameral ‐ 2 houses. • Senate ‐ states represented equally. • House of Reps ‐ represented by population.
  10. 10. 3/5 Compromise If South counted slaves, they would have a  bigger population. North agreed to count slaves as “3/5ths” of a  person, but they would pay taxes for them.

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