From the Articles of Confederation to the Constitution
So… why did we need
to change the Articles
Articles of Confederation
• 9/13 states needed to ratify –
took a long time to agree.
• No judicial branch – no way
to mediate disputes.
• No taxation – no way to
raise money or pay off war
So… why did people
disagree about the
12 states came (no RI).
Each delegation got one vote.
Came to revise the AOC, but decided to
create a new gov’t.
Strong regional gov’t ‐ Congress keeps
same powers as in AOC.
3 separate branches…
Reps based on population OR amount of $
it gave to central gov’t.
Reps popularly elected in each state.
states equally represented.
3 separate branches (same)
Compromise mix of VA & NJ plans.
Congress bicameral ‐ 2 houses.
• Senate ‐ states represented equally.
• House of Reps ‐ represented by population.
If South counted slaves, they would have a
North agreed to count slaves as “3/5ths” of a
person, but they would pay taxes for them.