Brain Based LearningMemory, Retention, and Learning
Take a moment to think aboutwhat you know about the brain’sability to remember and retainnew information. How does thisaffect your classroom instruction?What strategies do you use tomake sure students retaininformation?
What is memory? Gives us a past Gives us a record of who we are Essential for human individuality Without it, life would be a series of meaningless encounters that have no link to the past and no use for the future. Allow individuals to remember experiences and use them to respond to future events.
Two Types of Long Term Memory Nondeclarative Declarative• Sometimes called implicit • Also called conscious or memory. explicit memory• Previous experiences aid • Remembering in the performance of a names, facts, music, and task without conscious objects. awareness of these previous experiences • Conscious, intentional recollection of previous experiences and information
3 Types of Nondeclarative Memory1. Procedural- remembering how to do something(Think of something you did this morning that requiredprocedural memory.)2. Motor Skill Memory- performance of daily skills we dowithout even realizing we learned them or are usingmemory to do it.(Think of something you did this morning that requiredmotor skill memory)3. Emotional Memory- unconscious response can turn themtoward or away from similar learning experiencesFlashbulb memory is called by such as powerful emotionalexperience that we can instantly store it in our long termmemory.
2 Types of Declarative MemoryEpisodic Memory Semantic Memory• Memory of events • Knowledge of facts in one’s own and dates not history related to any • Helps a person event. identify time and place an event happened
Why is this important for educators? How a learner processes new information presented in school has a great impact on the quality of what is learned and is a major factor in retaining information. Understanding memory and how it is formed can help teachers select strategies to improve retention and retrieval of information.
Learning and Retention Learning Retention Involves brain, nervous system, and Process by which long environment. term memory preserves a learning so that it can Can learn something for locate, identify and a few minutes and then retrieve it in the future. lose it
Did You Know? The idea of “Practice makes Perfect” is rarely true. If a learner practices a skill incorrectly, unlearning and relearning the skills is very difficult. Cramming for an exam is called massed practice. This is not an effective strategy for retention. Distributed practice over time is the key to retention. By forgetting something trivial, we allow room for more important and meaningful experiences. We remember best what comes first, second best what comes last, and least of what is in the middle. It is important to teach new information first! Kids are so used to quick change and novelty in their environment so it is important to keep learning segments shorter. Teachers that go off task between learning segments keep the kids more focused during learning segments. Kids will retain 5% of information taught in lecture but 90% if they teach others or use the information immediately. Kids will retain 75% of the information if they practice by doing.