Insel10ebrup Ppt Ch02

621 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
621
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
15
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
12
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Insel10ebrup Ppt Ch02

  1. 1. Stress: The Constant Challenge Chapter Two
  2. 2. What is Stress? <ul><li>Stressor </li></ul><ul><li>Physical Responses to Stressors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two Major Control Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nervous system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Endocrine system </li></ul></ul></ul>Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  3. 3. Actions of the Nervous system <ul><li>Parasympathetic division </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relaxed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sympathetic division </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Arousal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Neurotransmitter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>norepinephrine </li></ul></ul></ul>Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  4. 4. Actions of the Endocrine System <ul><li>Glands, tissues, and cells that help control the bodily functions. </li></ul><ul><li>Hormones </li></ul><ul><li>Helps prepare the body to respond to stress </li></ul>Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  5. 5. Nervous and Endocrine Systems Working Together <ul><li>Hypothalamus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ACh </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pituitary gland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ACTH </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adrenal glands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cortisol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Epinephrine (adrenaline) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Endorphins (pain reliever) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Homeostasis </li></ul>Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  6. 6. Stress Response
  7. 7. Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  8. 8. Emotional & Behavioral Responses to Stress <ul><li>Effective responses to stress: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Talking, laughing, exercise and time management </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ineffective responses to stress: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overeating, procrastination, frustration </li></ul></ul>Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  9. 9. Personality and Stress <ul><li>Meyer Friedman and Ray Rosenman </li></ul><ul><li>Personality and Stress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Type A, B and C </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardy and resilient personality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cultural background </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Past Experiences </li></ul>Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  10. 10. General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS) <ul><li>Eustress </li></ul><ul><li>Distress </li></ul><ul><li>Alarm </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fight or Flight </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Exhaustion </li></ul><ul><li>Allostatic load </li></ul>Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  11. 11. Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved. General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)
  12. 12. Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) <ul><li>The study of …. </li></ul><ul><li>Complex network of nerve and chemical connections between the nervous system, endocrine system and the immune system. </li></ul>Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  13. 13. Links Between Stress and Specific Conditions <ul><li>Cardiovascular disease </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronic high blood pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Atherosclerosis </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strokes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cardiomyopathy </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Altered functioning of the Immune system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colds and other infections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asthma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronic disease flare-ups </li></ul></ul>Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  14. 14. Other Health Problems <ul><li>Digestive problems </li></ul><ul><li>Headaches/migraines </li></ul><ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul><ul><li>Injuries </li></ul><ul><li>Pregnancy complications </li></ul><ul><li>Type 2 diabetes </li></ul><ul><li>Premature aging </li></ul>Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  15. 15. Common Sources of Stress <ul><li>Major Life Changes </li></ul><ul><li>Daily hassles </li></ul><ul><li>College </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpersonal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time-related </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Financial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nontraditional students </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Job-related </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Real social networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual social networks </li></ul></ul>Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  16. 16. Techniques For Managing Stress <ul><li>Social Support </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep </li></ul><ul><li>Time management </li></ul><ul><li>Spirituality </li></ul><ul><li>Journal writing </li></ul>Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  17. 17. Cognitive techniques <ul><li>Think and act constructively </li></ul><ul><li>Take control </li></ul><ul><li>Problem-solve </li></ul><ul><li>Modify your expectations </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain positivity </li></ul><ul><li>Cultivate your sense of humor </li></ul><ul><li>Weed out trivia </li></ul><ul><li>Live in the present </li></ul><ul><li>Go with the flow </li></ul>Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  18. 18. Relaxation Techniques <ul><li>Progressive relaxation </li></ul><ul><li>Visualization </li></ul><ul><li>Meditation </li></ul><ul><li>Deep breathing </li></ul><ul><li>Hatha yoga </li></ul><ul><li>Taijiquan (Tai chi) </li></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul>Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  19. 19. Counterproductive Coping Strategies <ul><li>Tobacco </li></ul><ul><li>Alcohol </li></ul><ul><li>Other drugs </li></ul><ul><li>Unhealthy eating habits </li></ul>Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  20. 20. Creating a Personal Plan For Managing Stress <ul><li>Identifying stressors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Journal for two weeks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spot patterns </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Designing your plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Techniques for coping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contract </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Getting help </li></ul>Chapter Two ©2008 McGraw-Hill Companies. All Rights Reserved.
  21. 21. Stress: The Constant Challenge Chapter Two

×