8-04HW: Write a summary paragraph on human originsEssential Questions:Where do human beings come from?Why do people live together?How have people changed over time?
http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/human-evolution-timeline-interactive• Video from Smithsonian Museum of Natural History: http://humanorigins.si.edu/evidence/genetics /one-species-living-worldwide
Scientific Theory of Human EvolutionAustralapithicus Afarensis• Remains of pre-historic humans from 4 million years BCE are found only in Africa,• Can walk upright (apes cannot)Homo Habilis• “Handy Man” 1.5 – 2 million years ago• Hunter-Gatherer• used simple stone tools to kill and skin animals
Homo Sapiens:• Modern day humans –replaced Neanderthals andHomo Erectus• 200,000 years ago totoday – left SW Africaapproximately 70,000 yearsago• Used hooks, spears, bowand arrows, rafts, cavepaintings, burials
Homo SapienNeanderthalensis400,000 to 30,000 Years ago Cro-Magnon 30,000 – 10,000, only in Europe
MITOCHONDRIAL DNA Evidence for Homo Sapien Movement1/RED= Homo Sapiens 2/Olive Neanderthals3/Early Hominids
Stone Age:• Lasts from 2 million to 3000 BCE, ends with learning how to make metal tools• Live as Hunter-Gatherers of animals and plantsFarming Begins aproximately 8000 BCEPeople slowly begin to grow their own crops from seeds of wheat and barley.• Settle permanently in 1 area. Domesticate (train) cattle, pigs, and goats for their meat, milk, skins, and to pull plows.
The Fertile Crescent / Ancient MesopotamiaEGYPT Israel Syria Iraq – Iran Called the Middle East Today
Finish Class Work / HomeworkDay in the Life of Early MankindChoose 1 Time PeriodWrite a paragraph with 3 Facts orDraw an image with 10 detailed items (colored pencils when completed for extra credit)Due Tomorrow
• 6000 BCE Copper• 2700 BCE Bronze (copper and tin)• 2000- 1800 BCE iron usage begins• 1200-1000 BCE Iron usage widespread