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  2. 2. HOLY ORDER "is the sacrament through which the mission entrusted by Christ to his apostles continues to be exercised in the Church until the end of time: thus it is the sacrament of apostolic ministry. It includes three degrees— the orders of bishop, priest, and deacon.―  (CC C 153 6)
  3. 3. ORIGIN AND MEANING OF THE PRIESTLY VOCATIONWHAT IS CHRISTIAN VOCATION? WHAT IS PRIESTLY VOCATION? 1946. Christian Vocation  1947. the call by the is a response to Christs Sacrament of Holy Orders  Trinitarianin the Church, to Received call, ―Come, follow me‖. place oneself of the service  A free gift at The vocation every of the People of God the a God, grounded in with Christian derives from the particular belonging and Father‘s free loving church and her configuration to Jesus us choice, who blesses Christ, and with the mediation, finds fulfillment His Son, jesus Christ authority of acting ‗in the in the church , and and seals us with the name and in the person‘ of service to the Church. him Holy Spirit and who is Head Shepherd of the Church‘
  4. 4. 1949. HOLY ORDERS IS THE “ SACRAMENT OF APOSTOLIC MINISTRY”  Through it the mission entrusted by Christ to his Apostles continues to exercised in the Church to the end of time‖A. HOLY ORDERS
  5. 5. WHAT IS ORDER? WHAT IS ORDINATION? In church usage ―order‖  It is the sacramental act by simply means the group or which one is integrated into body of those who carry on the orders of bishops,of certain functions, such as priests and of deacons. teaching, sanctifying and governing  It confers a gift of the Holy Spirit, enabling the exercise of a sacred It goes beyond simple power which can only designation or delegation come from ChristA. himself, ORDERS HOLY through his Church
  6. 6. B. PRIESTHOOD IN SALVATION HISTORY 1. OLD TESTAMENT 1950.  In Old  Moses Testament, priesthood was  Now priest is someone powerless to effect definitive appointed to act on behalf salvation of the people as their representative before  Since the Law had only a God, to offer gifts and shadow of the good things to sacrifices for sins. come and no real image of them, it was never able to perfect the worshippers by the same sacrifices offered continually year after year for it is impossible that the blood of the bulls and goats take away sins(Heb 10:1-4)
  7. 7. B. PRIESTHOOD IN SALVATION HISTORY2. NEW TESTAMENT MINISTRY 1951. New Testament  1st, the priest is a offers four basic disciple, called to ―follow dimensions of the Jesus‖ in total Christian ministry that commitment, undeterred Catholic tradition has even by family ties, life brought together in the itself, hardship or death. priesthood.
  8. 8.  Christian Discipleship was unique in that:  Christ, not the disciple, initiate the call;  Whose aim was not to acquire intellectual or moral formation, but to gain FAITH in the saving mission of Jesus;  In a never outgrown discipleship that consists in a complete, ever-deepening surrender to Jesus, Founder of the Kingdom and the unique Rabbi(teacher); and  In total and radical dedication to the kingdom, beyond all ordinary human ties.
  9. 9.  2nd, the priest is an  3rd, the priest is called apostle, ―sent‖ to a presbyter, an elder serve in the mission one responsible to the of Jesus and of the pastoral care of the church. It was always Church members. As Jesus who is God‘s steward he preached. must be:  hospitable and a lover of goodness; steady, just, holy and self- contolled.  He represents a institution with authority-not to dominate but to serve
  10. 10.  Finally, the priest is a  Since the Mass presider at the represents the apex of Eucharist as he offers the church‘s prayer and the holy sacrifice of the work, it is obviously the Mass. Thus, he central function of a gathers the community priest‘s day, for there all together for prayer and the faithful encounter in in particular for the the saving presence of ―breaking of bread‖ to ― our lord Jesus Christ in proclaim the death of word and sacrament the Lord until he comes‖
  12. 12. BIBLE BACKGROUND Here are several verses in the New Testament that points to this sacrament. :  Matthew 16:18-19  John 21:15-17  Romans 10:14-15  2 Timothy 1:6  Titus 1:5
  13. 13. MATTHEW 16:18-19 18 And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. 19 I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.”
  14. 14. JOHN 21:15-17Jesus Reinstates Peter 15 When they had finished eating, Jesus said to Simon Peter, ―Simon son of John, do you love me more than these?‖ ―Yes, Lord,‖ he said, ―you know that I love you.‖ Jesus said, ―Feed my lambs.‖ 16 Again Jesus said, ―Simon son of John, do you love me?‖ He answered, ―Yes, Lord, you know that I love you.‖ Jesus said, ―Take care of my sheep.‖ 17 The third time he said to him, ―Simon son of John, do you love me?‖Peter was hurt because Jesus asked him the third time, ―Do you love me?‖ He said, ―Lord, you know all things; you know that I love you.‖Jesus said, ―Feed my sheep.
  15. 15. ROMANS 10:14-15 14How, then, can they call on the one they have not believed in? And how can they believe in the one of whom they have not heard? And how can they hear without someone preaching to them? 15 And how can anyone preach unless they are sent? As it is written: ―How beautiful are the feet of those who bring good news!‖[a]
  16. 16. 2 TIMOTHY 1:6 Appeal for Loyalty to Paul and the Gospel 6 For this reason I remind you to fan into flame the gift of God, which is in you through the laying on of my hands.
  17. 17. TITUS 1:5  "For this reason I left you in Crete so that you might set right what remains to be done and appoint presbyters in every town"
  19. 19. A. BISHOPS by episcopal consecration is conferred the fullness of the holy orders sanctifying, ruling and teaching; Duties as a bishop undertakes Christ’s role as Teacher, Sheperd and High priest that acts in His Person, visibly and eminently. As a Vicar of Christ, he takes care of a particular diocese entrusted to him. legitimate successor of the apostles; responsibility to show solidarity for the apostolic mission of the Church
  20. 20. B. PRIESTS co – workers of the episcopal order for the proper fulfilment of the apostolic mission entrusted by Christ. Vatican stated that there are three main functions: preach the gospel, shepherd the faithful and celebrate the divine worship Sacred functions: a. acting in the person of Christ b. unite the votive offering of the faithful to to the sacrifice of Christ their Head c. make present and apply the unique sacrifice of the New Testament
  21. 21. C. DEACONS serve the people of God in the service of liturgy, of the Gospel and works of Charity DUTIES: A. Administer baptism B. Custodians and distributors of the Eucharist C. Assist and bless marriages in the name of the Church D. Bring Viaticum to the dying E. To instruct and exhort the people F. Officiate at burial and funeral services
  22. 22. JESUS CHRIST AS THE ONE MEDIATOR/PRIEST  A. Unique Priesthood of Christ • Jesus revealed himself as the definitive features of the New Covenant. • The New Testament proclaims Jesus Christ as the unique mediator of the new covenant between God and humans- he ransomed himself, stood for us at Calvary. He offered his blood for God’s salvation and justice to take place. • He is a priest in a unique way not only by being but by actions. His whole life was a priestly act.
  23. 23. JESUS CHRIST AS THE ONE MEDIATOR/PRIEST  The works he has done 2,000 years ago still sends after shocks until now. That is what makes him a unique priest.
  24. 24. EFFECTS OF THE SACRAMENT OF ORDERS  The effects of sacrament is the ordination. Meaning one is qualified to act as representative of Christ. The sacrament must focus on the Holy Spirit and the life ordained.
  25. 25. EFFECTS OF THE SACRAMENT OF ORDERS  A. The spirit and the Life of the Ordained • The ordination of the priest, deacon, and bishop, all invoke the Holy Spirit for the sake of the ministry they will perform. • Besides the power of the sacraments which the ordained celebrate, there is the personal spiritual ideal toward the ordained are directed to strive even while conscious of their human frailties and sins. -Preach God‘s Words -lead others into prayer of Christ -shepherd with affection of the Good Shepherd.
  26. 26. EFFECTS OF THE SACRAMENT OF ORDERS  B. Spirituality of the Priest • 1. Holy Spirit • The holy spirit is the principal of the spiritual life of Christians specially the priests. • He creates a new heart, inspires and guides us, reveals and communicates the calling. • He makes us sharers with His son Jesus Christ.
  27. 27. EFFECTS OF THE SACRAMENT OF ORDERS  2. Spiritual Life of the Priest Priests are to strive in a radical way of living. (“Radicalism of the Gospel”) 3.John Paul II’s Exhortation The Vocation is a call to holiness. There is a need to be converted everyday.
  28. 28. EFFECTS OF THE SACRAMENT OF ORDERS  The effects of sacrament is the ordination. Meaning one is qualified to act as representative of Christ. The sacrament must focus on the Holy Spirit and the life ordained.
  29. 29. EFFECTS OF THE SACRAMENT OF ORDERS  4. For our Filipino Priests  The second Plenary Council of the Philippines calls for a genial spirituality  1. rooted and centered to Christ  2.ministerial  by the spirit  5.missionary  6.Eucharistic
  31. 31. RITUALS OF HOLY ORDERS The ritual of Holy Orders is the Ordination Ceremony in which the Bishop lays his hands on the individual to be ordained. In ordination to the diaconate, the newly ordained deacon is given a copy of the Gospels to signify his responsibility to read and proclaim them. In ordination to the priesthood, the one being ordained has his hands consecrated with Sacred Chrism and he receives a paten and chalice.
  32. 32.  By the imposition of a bishops hands, confers on a man the grace and spiritual power to sanctify others. There are three forms of this sacrament, also called sacramental orders, namely diaconate, priesthood, and episcopate. They are not, however three sacraments, but only one sacrament that is separately administered with three successively higher sacramental effects.
  33. 33.  It is certain that every baptized male can be validly ordained, although it would be highly illicit to ordain him before the age of reason. It is likewise certain that every baptized male can be validly ordained a priest without previously being ordained a deacon. However, the more probably teaching is that a baptized male cannot be validly consecrated a bishop unless he has previously been ordained a priest.
  34. 34. EPISCOPATE/BISHOPS Bishops are chosen from among the priests in the Catholic Church. Only bishops can validly administer the Sacrament of Holy Orders. In Latin-rite Catholic churches, only bishops (and priests with authorization by the local bishop) may lawfully administer the sacrament of confirmation, but if an ordinary priest administers that sacrament illegally, it is nonetheless considered valid, so that the person confirmed cannot be actually confirmed again, by a bishop or otherwise.
  35. 35.  Latin rite priests with special permission of the diocesan bishop or the Holy See can lawfully administer confirmation; every Catholic priest must administer confirmation, even without permission, to children in danger of death. In Eastern Catholic Churches, confirmation is done by parish priests via the rite of chrismation, and is usually administered to both babies and adults immediately after their baptism.
  36. 36. PRIESTHOOD The word either derives ultimately from the Greek presbuteros meaning "elder" or the Latin praepositus meaning "superintendent." The Catholic Church sees the Priesthood as both a reflection of the ancient Temple priesthood of the Jews and the person of Jesus. The liturgy of ordination recalls the Old Testament priesthood and the priesthood of Christ. In the words of Thomas Aquinas, "Christ is the source of all priesthood: the priest of the old law was a prefiguration of Christ, and the priest of the new law acts in the person of Christ."
  38. 38. MATTER OF THE SACRAMENT The essential matter that is needed in this sacrament are the following: laying on of hands by the bishop laying on the floor on prone position (face down) of the priests bishops specific consecratory prayer asking God for the outpouring of the Holy Spirit and his gifts proper to the ministry to which the candidate is being ordained.
  40. 40. BISHOP PECTORAL CROSS  hangs on the breast  badge of episcopacy MITRE  tall double pointed cap  distuinguishing mark
  41. 41. BISHOP RING  third finger, right hand  symbol of faith or identity CROSIER  Bishop‘s pastoral staff  Typifies duties as sheperd of the flock
  42. 42. PRIEST ALB  long white linen gown  denotes the necessity of purity of both body and soul CINCTURE  girdle worn around waist to bind alb to the body  generally white, made up of braided linen or sometimes wool
  43. 43. PRIEST STOLE  worn around the neck  denotes the authority of ministersCHAUSABLE large vestment worn on the shoulders, hangs on the front and back; rear portion is often ornamented with a large cross
  44. 44. DEACON
  45. 45. FORMULA IN HOLY ORDERS:―Lord send fourth Your Holy Spirit, that he maybe strengthened by the gift of yourseven fold grace to carry out faithfullythe work of ministry ‖
  46. 46. VALUES
  47. 47.  Order is a true sacrament instituted by Christ who ordained the Apostles at the Last Supper. It is administered by the laying on of hands and the key phrases of the ordination preface. Only a Bishop can validly ordain. The sacrament produces in the soul of the recipient an increase of sanctifying grace, sacramental graces to help him in his ministry, a sacramental character, and supernatural powers (especially, the power to change the bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Christ in the Sacrifice of the Mass, and the power te forgive sins in the Sacrament of Penance). Holy Orders is a sacrament of the living and can be received only once. Only a bishop can confer this Sacrament. lhe cere- a mony for this Sacrament is long and a beautiful, but the imposition of hands and the accompanying prayer (mat- ii ter and form) are the essential part of the rite.